0
Research Papers: Pipeline Systems

The Failure Window Method and Its Application in Pipeline Burst

[+] Author and Article Information
Zhanfeng Chen, Hao Ye, Sunting Yan, Xiaoli Shen

Institute of Process Equipment,
College of Energy Engineering,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China

Zhijiang Jin

Institute of Process Equipment,
College of Energy Engineering,
Zhejiang University,
Hangzhou 310027, China
e-mail: jzj@zju.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received November 15, 2016; final manuscript received June 5, 2017; published online August 2, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Hardayal S. Mehta.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 139(5), 051702 (Aug 02, 2017) (7 pages) Paper No: PVT-16-1212; doi: 10.1115/1.4037045 History: Received November 15, 2016; Revised June 05, 2017

Accurate prediction of the burst pressure is indispensible for the engineering design and integrity assessment of the oil and gas pipelines. A plenty of analytical and empirical equations have been proposed to predict the burst pressures of the pipelines; however, it is difficult to accurately predict the burst pressures and evaluate the accuracy of these equations. In this paper, a failure window method was presented to predict the burst pressure of the pipes. First, the security of the steel pipelines under the internal pressure can be assessed. And then the accuracy of the previous analytical and empirical equations can also be generally evaluated. Finally, the effect of the wall thinning of the pipes on the failure window was systemically investigated. The results indicate that it is extremely formidable to establish an equation to predict the burst pressure with a high accuracy and a broad application, while it is feasible to create a failure window to determine the range of the dangerous internal pressure. Calculations reveal that some predictions of the burst pressure equations like Faupel, Soderberg, Maximum stress, and Nadai (1) are overestimated to some extent; some like ASME, maximum shear stress, Turner, Klever and Zhu–Leis and Baily–Nadai (2) basically reliable; the rest like API and Nadai (3) slightly conservative. With the wall thinning of the steel pipelines, the failure window is gradually lowered and narrowed.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Zhu, X. K. , and Leis, B. N. , 2012, “Evaluation of Burst Pressure Prediction Models for Line Pipes,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 89, pp. 85–97. [CrossRef]
Zhu, X. K. , and Leis, B. N. , 2007, “Theoretical and Numerical Predictions of Burst Pressure of Pipelines,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 129(4), pp. 644–652. [CrossRef]
Chen, Z. , Zhu, W. , Di, Q. , and Wang, W. , 2015, “Burst Pressure Analysis of Pipes With Geometric Eccentricity and Small Thickness-to-Diameter Ratio,” J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 127, pp. 452–458. [CrossRef]
Turner, L. B. , 1910, “The Stresses in a Thick Hollow Cylinder Subjected to Internal Pressure,” Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc., 21(14), pp. 377–396.
Bailey, R. W. , 1930, “Thick-Walled Tubes and Cylinder Sunder High Pressure and Temperatures,” Engineering, 129, pp. 772–777.
Nádai, A. , and Wahl, A. M. , 1931, Plasticity, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Nadai, A. , 1950, Theory of Fracture and Flow of Solids, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Soderberg, C. R. , 1941, “Interpretation of Creep Tests on Tubes,” Trans. ASME, 63(4), pp. 737–748.
Faupel, J. H. , 1956, “Yielding and Bursting Characteristics of Heavy Walled Cylinders,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 78, pp. 1031–1064.
ASME, 1962, Boiler and Pressure Vessels Code , American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York.
DNV, 2003, “Submarine Pipeline Standard,” DNV GL, Oslo, Norway, Standard No. DNV OS-F101. http://rules.dnvgl.com/docs/pdf/DNV/codes/docs/2013-10/OS-F101.pdf
API, 1992, “Bulletin on Formulas and Calculations for Casing, Tubing, Drill Pipe and Line Pipe Properties,” American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC, Bulletin No. 5C3.
Klever, F. J. , 1992, “Burst Strength of Corroded Pipe: Flow Stress Revisited,” 24th Annual Offshore Technology Conference (OTC), Houston, TX, May 4–7, SPE Paper No. OTC-7029-MS. https://doi.org/10.4043/7029-MS
Stewart, G. , Klever, F. J. , and Ritchie, D. , 1994, “An Analytical Model to Predict the Burst Capacity of Pipelines,” American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, Report No. CONF-940230. https://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/55751
Christopher, T. , Sarma, B. R. , Potti, P. G. , Rao, B. N. , and Sankarnarayanasamy, K. , 2002, “A Comparative Study on Failure Pressure Estimations of Unflawed Cylindrical Vessels,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 79(1), pp. 53–66. [CrossRef]
Law, M. , Bowie, G. , Fletcher, L. , and Piper, J. , 2004, “Burst Pressure and Failure Strain in Line pipe—Part 1: Comparison of Ring-Expansion and Tensile Testing in Gas Line pipe,” J. Pipeline Integr., 3, pp. 95–101.
Law, M. , and Bowie, G. , 2006, “Failure Strain in High Yield-to-Tensile Ratio Linepipe,” J. Pipeline Integr., 5(1), p. 25.
Law, M. , and Bowie, G. , 2007, “Prediction of Failure Strain and Burst Pressure in High Yield-to-Tensile Strength Ratio Linepipe,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 84(8), pp. 487–492. [CrossRef]
Zhu, X. K. , and Leis, B. N. , 2004, “Strength Criteria and Analytic Predictions of Failure Pressure in Line Pipes,” Int. J. Offshore Polar Eng., 14(2), pp. 125–131. https://www.onepetro.org/journal-paper/ISOPE-04-14-2-125
Zhu, X. K. , and Leis, B. N. , 2004, “Accurate Prediction of Burst Pressure for Line Pipes,” J. Pipeline Integr., 4, pp. 195–206.
Zhu, X. K. , and Leis, B. N. , 2006, “Average Shear Stress Yield Criterion and Its Application to Plastic Collapse Analysis of Pipelines,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 83(9), pp. 663–671. [CrossRef]
Chen, Z. , Zhu, W. , Di, Q. , and Wang, W. , 2015, “Prediction of Burst Pressure of Pipes With Geometric Eccentricity,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 137(6), p. 061201. [CrossRef]
Chen, Z. , Zhu, W. , Di, Q. , and Li, S. , 2016, “Numerical and Theoretical Analysis of Burst Pressures for Casings With Eccentric Wear,” J. Pet. Sci. Eng., 145, pp. 585–591. [CrossRef]
Huang, X. , Chen, Y. , Lin, K. , Mihsein, M. , Kibble, K. , and Hall, R. , 2007, “Burst Strength Analysis of Casing With Geometrical Imperfections,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 129(4), pp. 763–770. [CrossRef]
Brabin, T. A. , Christopher, T. , and Rao, B. N. , 2011, “Bursting Pressure of Mild Steel Cylindrical Vessels,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 88(2), pp. 119–122. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Burst area of the pipes under internal pressure

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Geometrical model of the pipes: (a) ideal pipes and (b) wall thinning pipes

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the wall thinning pipeline

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

The failure window, predictive equation, and test data of the pipes: (a) for different materials and (b) for the same material

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Different predictive equations in the failure window

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Effect of the wall thinning on the failure window: (a) ξ=0, (b) ξ=0.1, (c) ξ=0.2, (d) ξ=0.3, (e) ξ=0.4, and (f) ξ=0.5

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In