Experimental Buckling Investigation of Ring-Stiffened Cylindrical Shells Under Unsymmetrical Axial Loads

[+] Author and Article Information
W. E. Baker

University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, N.M. 87545

J. G. Bennett

Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, N.M.

C. D. Babcock

California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, Calif.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 105(4), 342-346 (Nov 01, 1983) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3264291 History: Received April 17, 1983; Revised July 21, 1983; Online November 05, 2009


Six steel shells having nuclear containmentlike features were fabricated and loaded to failure with an offset axial load. The shells (R /t = 500) buckled plastically. Four of the shells had reinforced circular cutouts. These penetrations were sized to cut no ring-stiffener, a single, two- or three-ring stiffeners. Reinforcing and framing around the penetrations were based upon the area-replacement rule of the applicable portion of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and were of a design to simulate actual practice for nuclear steel containments. Prior to testing, imperfections were measured and strain gages were applied to determine information on load distribution at the ends of the cylinder and strain fields at areas likely to buckle. Buckling loads were determined for an axial load applied with an eccentricity of R /2 where R is the cylinder radius. The results showed that the buckling load and mode for the shell having a penetration that did not cut a ring stiffener were essentially the same as those for the unpenetrated shell. The buckling loads for the penetrated shells in which stiffeners were interrupted were less than that for the unpenetrated shells. Results of all tests are compared to numerical solutions carried out using a nonlinear collapse analysis and to the predictions of ASME Code Case N-284.

Copyright © 1983 by ASME
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