Determination of Residual Stresses due to Girth-Butt Welds in Pipes

[+] Author and Article Information
U. Chandra

NL Industries, Inc., MWD Research and Development, Houston, Tex. 77205

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 107(2), 178-184 (May 01, 1985) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3264431 History: Received June 20, 1984; Revised December 17, 1984; Online November 05, 2009


A state-of-the-art review of analytical and experimental determination of residual stresses due to girth-butt welds in pipes is presented. In the analytical category, closed-form as well as numerical (finite element) solutions are discussed in considerable detail. The results of the experimental studies, with primary focus on the X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique, are highlighted. The effects of process and geometric parameters and of various thermal processes in controlling the tensile residual stress on the pipe inner surface are also reviewed.

Copyright © 1985 by ASME
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