Prediction of Fracture Toughness KIC Transition Curves of Pressure Vessel Steels From Charpy V-Notch Impact Test Results

[+] Author and Article Information
T. Iwadate, Y. Tanaka, H. Takemata

Muroran Research Laboratory, The Japan Steel Works, Ltd., 4 Chatsu-machi, Muroran, Japan

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 116(4), 353-358 (Nov 01, 1994) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2929601 History: Received November 29, 1993; Revised May 24, 1994; Online June 17, 2008


A single and generalized prediction method of fracture toughness K IC transition curves of pressure vessel steels has been greatly desired by engineers in the petro-chemical and nuclear power industries, especially from the viewpoint of life extension of reactor pressure vessels. In this paper, the toughness degradation of Cr-Mo steels during long-term service was examined and the two prediction methods of fracture toughness K IC transition curves were studied using the data of 54 heats. 1) The toughness degradation of 2 1/4Cr-1Mo steels levels off within around 50,000 h service. 2) The FATT versus J -factor (=(Si+Mn)(P+Sn)×104 ) and/or X (=(10P+5Sb+4Sn+As)x10−2 ) relationships to estimate the maximum embrittlement of Cr-Mo steels were obtained. 3) A master curve method developed by authors et al.; that is, the method using a KIC /KIC−US versus excess temperature master curve of each material was presented for 2 1/4Cr-1Mo, 1 1/4Cr-1/2Mo, 1Cr and 1/2Mo chemical pressure vessel steels and ASTM A508 C1.1, A508 C1.2, A508 C1.3 and A533 Gr.B C1.1 nuclear pressure vessel steels, where KIC−US is the upper-shelf fracture toughness and excess temperature is test temperature minus FATT. 4) A generalized prediction method to predict the KIC transition curves of any low-alloy steels was developed. This method consists of KIC /KIC−US versus T–T0 master curve and temperature shift ΔT between fracture toughness and CVN impact transition curves versus yield strength relationship, where To is the temperature showing 50 percent KIC−US of the material. 5) The K IC transition curves predicted using both methods showed a good agreement with the lower bound of measured K JC values obtained from J C tests.

Copyright © 1994 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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