Analysis of Preloaded Bolted Joints Under Exponentially Decaying Pressure

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Esmailzadeh, M. Chorashi, A. R. Ohadi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, P.O. Box 11365-9567, Azadi Avenue, Tehran, Iran

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 118(4), 393-398 (Nov 01, 1996) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2842204 History: Received August 09, 1994; Revised January 09, 1996; Online February 11, 2008


Dynamic properties of joints must be considered when designing complex structures. A good deal of investigation has been carried out for a better understanding of the dynamic behavior of mechanical joints. It is suitable initially to identify the parameters of a mechanical joint by using either experimental modal analysis or accurate finite element model, and then predicating the behavior of closure bolting system by means of spring-mass-damper model. The effect of bolt prestress on the maximum bolt displacement and stress has been treated. The loading is assumed to be initially peaked, exponentially decaying internal pressure pulse acting on the closure. The dependence of peak bolt stresses and deflections on the bolt prestress level and system damping is investigated. It has been shown that the derived formulas, if damping is neglected, reduce to those reported in the literature. Furthermore, the damping effect is shown to be most important, especially for large natural frequencies, longer loading duration, and lower levels of prestress. Existence of damping, which results in the reduction of maximum bolt displacement and stress, was shown to be beneficial, especially for longer loading duration. The importance of bolt displacement reduction from the viewpoint of fatigue life, vibration loosening, and sealing, especially for lower values of prestress, has been fully emphasized.

Copyright © 1996 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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