A Study of Effects of Pipe Geometry on FAD Curves for Austenitic Stainless Steel and Ferritic Steel Piping Materials

[+] Author and Article Information
R. Mohan, G. M. Wilkowski

Battelle, 505 King Avenue, Columbus, OH 43201-2693

R. Bass

ORNL, Oakridge, TN 37831

J. M. Bloom

Babcox and Wilcox, A McDermott Company, Alliance, OH 44601

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 120(1), 86-92 (Feb 01, 1998) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2841891 History: Received April 04, 1997; Revised October 16, 1997; Online February 11, 2008


A comprehensive study of failure assessment diagrams for circumferentially surface-cracked austenitic stainless and ferritic steel pipes was conducted with the use of the finite element method (FEM). While the majority of the analyses were conducted using the line-spring/shell finite element method, some three-dimensional finite element analyses, conducted independently, are also reported in this paper. Comparison of the predictions of the line-spring/shell and three-dimensional analyses reinforce the validity of the former approach for surface-cracked pipes. The results indicated that the ASME Code Case N-494-2 applicable for ferritic steel piping appears reasonably conservative even for pipes with mean radius-to-wall thickness ratios of 20, whereas the results showed that the newly adopted Code Case N-494-3 for austenitic stainless steel piping requires a limit for pipe with mean radius-to-wall thickness ratios larger than 15. For consistency, the limitation of Rm /t ≤ 15 was incorporated in the approved final version of Code Case N-494-3, and was incorporated in Code Case N-494-2 as well. Because these Code cases are applicable only to Class 1 primary nuclear piping, which typically has values of Rm /t ≤ 15, this is not a significant limitation. It was also shown that the choice of definitions of membrane and bending stresses as well as the choice of F1 function values in calculating the elastic part of the J integral have a profound effect on the resulting FAD curves.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.






Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In