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RESEARCH PAPERS

Collapse Strength of Complex Metal Shell Intersections by the Effective Area Method

[+] Author and Article Information
J. G. Teng

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 120(3), 217-222 (Aug 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2842048 History: Received July 31, 1996; Revised August 25, 1997; Online February 11, 2008

Abstract

Cone-cone intersections and cone-cylinder intersections with or without ring stiffeners are common features in silos, tanks, pressure vessels, piping components, and other industrial shell structures. Under internal or external pressure, these intersections are subject to high circumferential membrane stresses as well as high bending stresses due to the presence of a slope discontinuity. As a result, they are susceptible to local plastic collapse. This paper first provides a summary of the effective area method initially proposed by Rotter for the plastic limit loads of cone-cylinder intersections in silos. The method is then generalized for complex intersections of cones and cylinders under uniform pressure and improved by including the local pressure effect. Results from the effective area method are compared with rigorous finite element results for a number of cases to demonstrate its accuracy. It is shown that the method is not only elegant and accurate, but also leads to a single simple formula for different types of intersections which is particularly suitable for codification purposes.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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