Mechanical Behaviors of Bolted Joint in Various Clamping Configurations

[+] Author and Article Information
T. Fukuoka, T. Takaki

Department of Ocean Electro-Mechanical Engineering, Kobe University of Mercantile Marine, 5-1-1 Fukaeminami, Higashinadaku, Kobe 658, Japan

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 120(3), 226-231 (Aug 01, 1998) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2842050 History: Received December 05, 1997; Revised January 29, 1998; Online February 11, 2008


In a bolted joint, failures usually initiate at the first root of the bolt thread. However, rupture around the bolt head is sometimes reported for a tap bolt because of high stresses produced by tightening torque applied to the bolt head. It is also well known that manufacturing errors of internal threads in a tapped hole are generally much larger than those of external threads, thus leading to the failures concerned. In this paper, mechanical behaviors of bolted joints in various clamping configurations are analyzed using FEM as multi-body elastic contact problem, and the effects of nominal diameter, friction and pitch error upon stress concentrations are evaluated for through bolts, studs, and tap bolts. It is then quantitatively estimated on the effectiveness of “recessed internal threads” for reducing the stress concentration occurred around the far end of bolt hole. In addition, the tightening process and strength of a bottoming stud, which have seldom been studied despite favorable performance in preventing stress concentration at the runout of threads, are also investigated.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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