Creep Behavior of a Large Full-Size Welded Austenitic Steel Plate

[+] Author and Article Information
V. Koundy, L. Allais

CEA-CEREM, Service de Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette cedex, France

M. Delhaye

INSA-Rennes, Département Génie Mécanique et Automatique, 35043 Rennes cedex, France

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 120(3), 262-269 (Aug 01, 1998) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2842056 History: Received November 11, 1997; Revised February 26, 1998; Online February 11, 2008


The high-temperature design codes are presently considering the use of stress reduction factors for designing welded structures submitted to creep. These reduction factors are derived from creep tests which are generally made on small specimens and are not necessarily representative of large-size geometries. These codes are very likely overconservative, consequently uneconomical and need to be improved; an investigation to assess and quantify the supposed size effect is required. This paper presents an experimental and numerical study on creep behavior at 600°C of full-size welded joints taking into account real full-thickness of weldings. The material investigated is the austenitic stainless steel 316L(N) with manual metal arc welds using the 19 Cr 12 Ni 2 Mo electrode grade. The creep laws used in calculations are those obtained from tests using small specimens, but some coefficients of their theoretical formulation have been modified to obtain a better coherence with fullsize specimen data. Between small and large full-size specimens, experimental results show no significant difference in time to rupture, and the same location of fracture, at the center of the weldment, is observed. Finite element simulations performed for full-size welded joints provide rupture times that are consistent with measured values. The calculated percentage of the damaged volume in the weld metal as a function of load levels and of creep-time duration is studied; it shows that the creep-rupture times for high stress loading are determined with higher accuracy than for low stress loading.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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