Cracks Emanating From an Erosion in a Pressurized Autofrettaged Thick-Walled Cylinder—Part II: Erosion Depth and Ellipticity Effects

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Perl

Pearlstone Center for Aeronautical Engineering Studies, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israel

C. Levy, H. Fang

Center for Engineering and Applied Science, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 120(4), 354-358 (Nov 01, 1998) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2842343 History: Received February 20, 1997; Revised April 15, 1998; Online February 11, 2008


In Part I of this paper, the effects of constant depth erosion on the mode I stress intensity factor (SIF) were determined for a crack emanating from the erosion deepest point in a pressurized, autofrettaged, thick-walled cylinder. The erosion geometries investigated included semi-circular erosions and several arc erosions of various radii of curvature. Due to the trends found in that portion of the study, erosion depth and ellipticity are believed to have equally important impact on the SIFs. The present paper delves further into these two parameters using the following configurations: (a ) semi-circular erosions of relative depths of 1–10 percent of the cylinder’s wall thickness, W ; and (b ) semi-elliptical erosions with ellipticities of d/h = 0.3 – 2.0. Deep cracks are found to be practically unaffected by the erosion, similar to the results presented in Part I of the paper. The effective SIF for relatively short cracks is found to be dramatically enhanced by the stress concentration factor (SCF), which encompasses the depth of the erosion as well as its radius of curvature at the tip. As a result of the increased effective SIF, a significant decrease in the vessel’s fatigue life of up to an order of magnitude may occur.

Copyright © 1998 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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