Residual Stress Analysis by Simplified Inherent Strain at Welded Pipe Junctures in a Pressure Vessel

[+] Author and Article Information
M. Mochizuki

Department of Manufacturing Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan

M. Hayashi, T. Hattori

Hitachi, Ltd., Tsuchiura, Ibaraki 300-0013, Japan

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 121(4), 353-357 (Nov 01, 1999) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2883714 History: Received August 24, 1998; Revised June 09, 1999; Online February 11, 2008


We present a new and simplified method of estimating residual stress in welded structures by using inherent strain. The method makes use of elastic analysis by means of the finite element method and is used to calculate the residual stress in complicated three-dimensional structures efficiently. The inherent strain distribution in a welded joint of a small-diameter pipe penetrating a pressure vessel was assumed to be a simple distribution, and the residual stress was calculated. Inherent strain distributions were inferred from those of welded joints with simple shapes. The estimated residual stress using these inferred inherent strains agrees well with the measurements of a mock-up specimen. The proposed method is a simple way to estimate welding residual stress in three-dimensional structures of complicated shapes.

Copyright © 1999 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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