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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Welding Residual Stresses and Effects on Fracture in Pressure Vessel and Piping Components: A Millennium Review and Beyond

[+] Author and Article Information
P. Dong, F. W. Brust

Center for Welded Structures Research, Battelle, 505 King Avenue, Room 11-4-122, Columbus, OH 43201

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 122(3), 329-338 (Apr 10, 2000) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.556189 History: Received February 01, 2000; Revised April 10, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

BS7910, 1999, British Standards Institution, London, U.K.
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Brust, F. W., Dong, P., and Zhang, J., 1997, “Influence of Residual Stresses and Weld Repairs on Pipe Fracture,” ASME PVP-Vol. 347, Approximate Methods in the Design and Analysis of Pressure Vessel and Piping Components, pp. 173–191.
Brust, F. W., Zhang, J., and Dong, P., 1997, “Pipe and Pressure Vessel Cracking: The Role of Weld Induced Residual Stresses and Creep Damage during Repair,” Transactions of the 14th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT 14), Lyon, France, Vol. 1, pp. 297–306.
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Figures

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Residual stress and distortion evolution in welded joints
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Graphic solutions for thermoplastic stress-strain evolution 1-D problem
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Basic elements of unified weld constitutive model
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A combined 3-D, shell element and 2-D cross-sectional model for residual stress analysis of a multi-pass girth weld—(a) axisymmetric model; (b) weld area; (c) 3-D shell element model
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Axisymmetric residual stress modeling results—(a) axial residual stress, outer surface; (b) axial residual stress, inner surface; (c) hoop residual stress, outer surface; (d) hoop residual stress, inner
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Predicted residual stress distributions on the outer surface—(a) axial residual stress; (b) hoop residual stress
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Special shell element model for simulating multi-pass repair weld—(a) typical multi-pass weld; (b) shell element representation; (c) temperature solution for an intermediate pass (1st repair pass); (d) predicted final transverse residual stress distribution on the outer surface
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Stress intensity factor solutions for a surface crack parallel to weld—(a) original weld only; (b) weld with a repair
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Crack-opening displacement for a through-wall crack—(a) internal pressure loading without weld residual stresses; (b) internal pressure with weld residual stresses
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Crack-opening displacement versus crack length (2c) due to weld residual stresses only—(a) 2c=150 mm, (b) 2c=3 mm, (c) 2c=500 mm
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Hoop residual stress re-distributions as a circumferential crack is introduced—(a) without crack; (b) with a crack (2c=250 mm)
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Two generalized through-thickness residual stress distributions in multi-pass weld in pipes and vessels—(a) “bending” type; (b) “self-equilibrating” type
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Transverse residual stress distribution on the outer surface after a weld repair in a large vessel
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Stress intensity factors for a through-wall crack orientation in a butt joint—(a) crack definition; (b) stress intensity factors for growing crack; (c) residual stress re-distributions versus crack length

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