0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Site Effects on Seismic Behavior of Pipelines: A Review

[+] Author and Article Information
Jianwen Liang

School of Civil Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China

Shaoping Sun

Beijing Municipal Engineering Research Institute, Beijing 100037, China

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 122(4), 469-475 (Mar 07, 2000) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1285974 History: Received January 03, 2000; Revised March 07, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Ariman,  T., and Muleski,  G. E., 1981, “A Review of Seismic Response of Buried Pipelines Under Seismic Excitations,” Earthquake Eng. Struct. Dyn., 9, pp. 133–151.
O’Rourke, T. D., Grigoriu, M., and Khater, M., 1985, “Seismic Response of Buried Pipelines: A State-of-the-Art Review,” Decade of Program on Pressure Vessel Technology, ASME, New York, NY.
Sun, S., 1992, “The Recent State of Buried Pipeline Earthquake Engineering in China,” PVP-Vol. 227, ASME, pp. 1–6.
Sun, S., 1994, “A Review of Buried Pipeline Earthquake Engineering in China,” Proceedings, 2nd China-Japan-US Symposium on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, Xi’an, pp. 17–42.
O’Rourke, M. J., 1995, “Seismic Behavior of Buried Pipeline Components: a State-of-the-Art Review,” Proceedings, 10th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vienna, pp. 2153–2162.
Liang, J., and Sun S., 1996, “Site Effects on Seismic Behavior of Pipelines,” PVP-Vol. 340, ASME, pp. 23–32.
Sun, S., 1979, “Earthquake Damage to Pipelines,” Proceedings, 2nd U. S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, EERI, Stanford, pp. 61–67.
Katayama, T., and Isoyama, R., 1980, “Damage to Buried Distribution Pipelines During the Miyagiken-Oki Earthquake,” PVP-Vol. 43, ASME, pp. 97–104.
Satake, M., Kishino, Y., and Asano, T., 1982, “Consideration on Earthquake Resistance of Pipeline Buried in Non-Uniform Ground,” Proceedings, 6th Japan Earthquake Engineering Symposium, Tokyo, pp. 1905–1912 (in Japanese).
Kitaura, M., and Miyajima, M., 1996, “Geotechnical Aspects of the January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nambu Earthquake: Damage to Water Supply Pipelines,” Soils and Foundations, Special Issue, pp. 325–333.
O’Rourke,  M. J., and Ayala,  G., 1990, “Seismic Damage to Pipelines: Case Study,” J. Transport. Eng., ASCE, 116, pp. 123–134.
Nishio, N., and Tsukamoto, K., 1985, “Seismic Behavior of a Buried Pipeline in a Non-Uniform Subsurface Layer,” PVP-Vol. 98-4, pp. 119–124.
Nishio, N., Hamura, A., and Sase, T., 1988, “Earthquake Observation of a Buried Pipeline in a Non-Uniform Ground,” Proceedings, 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Vol. 7, pp. 23–28.
Okamoto, S., 1973. Introduction to Earthquake Engineering, The University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo.
Kubo, K., Katayama, T., and Sato, N., 1975, “Quantitative Analysis of Seismic Damage to Buried Pipelines,” Proceedings, 4th Japan Earthquake Engineering Symposium, Tokyo, pp. 655–662 (in Japanese).
Sun, S., 1983, “Analysis of Seismic Damages to Buried Pipelines in Tangshan Earthquake,” PVP-Vol. 77, ASME, pp. 365–367.
Sun, S., 1991, “Earthquake Damages of Pipelines in China,” Earthquake Resistance of Buried Pipelines, Z. Hou, ed., Academic Press, Beijing, pp. 1–9 (in Chinese).
Kitaura, M., and Miyajima, M., 1988, “Quantum Evaluation of Damage to Buried Pipelines Induced by Soil Liquefaction,” Proc., 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Vol. 7, pp. 11–16.
Trifunac,  M. D., and Todorovska,  M. I., 1997, “Northridge, California, Earthquake of 1994: Density of Pipe Breaks and Surface Strains,” Soil Dynam. Earthquake Eng., 16, pp. 193–207.
Trifunac,  M. D., and Todorovska,  M. I., 1999, “Reduction of Structural Damage by Nonlinear Soil Response,” J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 125, pp. 89–97.
Ariman, T., 1984, “Buckling and Rupture Failures of Pipelines Due to Large Ground Deformations,” Proceedings, 8th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, San Francisco, Vol. 7, pp. 271–278.
McCaffrey, M. A., and O’Rourke, T. D., 1983, “Buried Pipeline Response to Reverse Faulting During the 1971 San Fernando Earthquake,” PVP-Vol. 77, ASME, pp. 151–159.
Newmark, N. M., and Hall, W. J., 1975, “Pipeline Design to Resist Large Fault Displacement,” Proceedings, U. S. Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Ann Arbor, pp. 416–425.
Kennedy,  R. P., Chow,  A. W., and Williamson,  R. A., 1977, “Fault Movement Effects on Buried Oil Pipeline,” J. Transport. Eng., ASCE, 103, pp. 617–633.
Wang,  L. R. L., and Yeh,  Y. H., 1985, “A Refined Seismic Analysis and Design of Buried Pipelines for Fault Movement,” Earthquake Eng. Struct. Dyn., 13, pp. 75–96.
Ariman, T., Lee, B.-J., and Chen, G., 1987, “Failure of Buried Pipelines Under Large Ground Deformations,” Recent Advances in Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, T. Ariman et al., eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 63–75.
Kyriakides, S., Yun, H. D., and Yew, C. H., 1983, “Buckling of Buried Pipelines Due to Large Ground Movements,” PVP-Vol. 77, ASME, pp. 140–150.
Yun,  H., and Kyriakides,  S., 1990, “On the Beam and Shell Modes of Buckling of Buried Pipelines,” Soil Dynam. Earthquake Eng., 9, pp. 179–193.
Takada,  S., Liang,  J., and Li,  T., 1998, “Shell-Model Response of Buried Pipelines Due to Large Fault Movements,” J. Struct. Eng., JSCE, 44a, pp. 1637–1646.
Ariman, T., and Lee, B.-J., 1992, “Tension/Bending Behavior of Buried Pipelines Subjected to Fault Movements in Earthquake,” Proceedings, 10th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Madrid, pp. 5423–5426.
O’Rourke, T. D., and Trautmann, C. H., 1981, “Earthquake Ground Rupture Effects on Jointed Pipe,” Proceedings, 2nd Specialty Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, San Francisco, pp. 65–79.
Ford, D. B., 1983, “Joint Design for Pipelines Subjected to Large Ground Deformations,” PVP-Vol. 77, ASME, pp. 160–165.
Takada, S., 1984, “Model Analysis and Experimental Study on Mechanical Behavior of Buried Ductile Iron Pipelines Subjected to Large Ground Deformation,” Proceedings, 8th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, San Francisco, Vol. 7, pp. 255–262.
Isenberg, J., Richardson, E., O’Rourke, T. D., and Kameda, H., 1991, “Response of Ductile Iron Pipelines at Parkfield, CA to Loma Prieta Earthquake,” Proceedings, 3rd U. S. Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, Los Angeles, pp. 186–195.
O’Rourke, T. D., and O’Rourke, M. J., 1995, “Pipeline Response to Permanent Ground Deformation: a Benchmark Case,” Proceedings, 4th U. S. Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, San Francisco, pp. 288–295.
O’Rourke, T. D., and Tawfik, M. S., 1983, “Effects of Lateral Spreading on Buried Pipelines During the 1971 San Fernando Earthquake,” PVP-Vol. 77, ASME, pp. 124–132.
O’Rourke, T. D., Gowdy, T. E., Stewart, H. E., and Pease, J. W., 1991, “Lifeline Performance and Ground Deformation in the Marina During 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake,” Technical Report NCEER-91-0001, Buffalo, pp. 129–146.
Hamada, M., Kubo, K., and Saito, K., 1985, “Large Ground Displacement and Pipe Failure by Soil Liquefaction During 1983 Nihonkai-Chubu Earthquake,” PVP-Vol. 98-4, ASME, pp. 11–18.
Nishio, N., 1997, “Mechanism of Pipeline Failures Caused by Soil Liquefaction During the 1983 Nihonkai-Chubu Earthquake,” Proc. JSCE, No. 556, pp. 53–63.
Katada, T., and Hakono, M., 1981, “Experimental Analysis on Dynamic Behavior of Underground Structure in the Liquefaction Process,” Proc. JSCE, No. 306, pp. 1–10 (in Japanese).
Kitaura, M., and Miyajima, M., 1982, “Experimental Study on Strain Characteristics of Underground Pipe During Liquefaction,” Proc. JSCE, No. 323, pp. 43–53 (in Japanese).
Kitaura,  M., and Miyajima,  M., 1985, “Dynamic Behavior of Buried Model Pipe During Incomplete Liquefaction,” J. Struct. Eng. JSCE, 31A, pp. 421–426 (in Japanese).
Kuribayashi, E., Kawamura, M., Ieda, R., Aida, M., and Yui, Y., 1985, “An experimental Behavior of Buried Pipes During Liquefaction of Saturated Sandy Soil,” PVP-Vol. 98-4, ASME, pp. 19–24.
Nishio, N., Tsukamoto, K., and Hamura, A., 1987, “Model Experiment on the Seismic Behavior of Buried Pipeline in Partially Liquefied Ground,” Proc. JSCE, No. 380, pp. 449–458 (in Japanese).
Hamada, M., Sato, H., and Namamura, T., 1994, “An Experimental and Numerical Study on Liquefaction-induced Ground Displacement,” Proceedings, 5th U. S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, EERI, Chicago, Vol. 4, pp. 169–178.
Takada, S., Ogawa, Y., Shimizu, K., and Ueno, J., 1995. “Experiments on Seismic Behavior of Back-Fill Gravel Layer as Liquefaction Countermeasure of Buried gas Pipelines,” Proceedings, 4th U. S. Conference on Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, San Francisco, pp. 232–239.
Yeh, Y.-H., and Wang, L. R. L., 1985, “Combined Effects of Soil Liquefaction and Ground Displacement to Buried Pipeline,” PVP-Vol. 98-4, pp. 43–51.
Takada, S., and Tanabe, K., 1985, “Dynamic Behaviors of Underground Structures Subjected to Liquefaction,” Proceedings, 18th JSCE Earthquake Engineering Symposium, pp. 233–236 (in Japanese).
Wang, L. R. L., Zhang, H., and Ishibashi, I., 1991, “Seismic Response of Buried Pipeline System in a Soil Liquefaction Environment,” Proceedings, 3rd U. S. Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, Los Angeles, pp. 460–469.
Nishio,  N., and Satake,  M., 1983, “Characteristics of Deformation in a Buried Pipeline Under Sinusoidal Ground Motion,” Nat. Disaster Sci., 5, pp. 53–68.
Chen, C. C., Ariman, T., and Lee, L. H. N., 1980, “Buckling Analysis of Buried Pipelines Under Seismic Loads,” Proceedings, 7th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Istanbul, Vol. 8, pp. 249–256.
Lee,  L. N. H., Ariman,  T., and Chen,  C. C., 1984, “Elastic-Plastic Buckling of Buried Pipelines by Seismic Excitation,” Soil Dynam. Earthquake Eng., 3, pp. 168–173.
Liang, J., He, Y. A., and Chen, G., 1992, “Shell-Mode Dynamic Instability of Pipelines by Finite Element Method,” Proceedings, International Symposium on Structural Technology of Pipeline Engineering, Beijing, pp. 237–240.
Shinozuka, M., and Koike, T., 1979, “Estimation of Structural Strains in Underground Lifeline Pipes,” PVP-Vol. 34, ASME, pp. 31–48.
Liang, J., 1995, “A Review of the Earthquake Resistance Research of Buried Pipelines,” World Info. Earthquake Eng., No. 44, pp. 1–7 (in Chinese).
Liang,  J., 1996, “A Review of Seismic Response and Buckling of Pipelines,” J. Tianjin Univ., 29, pp. 427–434 (in Chinese).
Nishio, N., 1995, “Mechanism of Gas Pipeline Failures on Balboa Boulevard During the 1994 Northridge Earthquake,” Proceedings, 4th U.S. Conference On Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, San Francisco, pp. 216–223.
Hou, Z., Li, P., and Yang, G., 1992, “Example Analysis of Seismic Damage on Buckling of Qinhuangdao-Beijing Oil Pipelines,” Proceedings, International Symposium on Structural Technique of Pipeline Engineering, Beijing, pp. 277–282.
Nishio, N., Ukaji, T., and Tsukamoto, K., 1980, “Experimental Studies and Observation of Pipeline Behavior During Earthquakes,” PVP-Vol. 43, ASME, pp. 67–76.
Tsukamoto, K., Nishio, N., Satake, M., and Asano, T., 1984, “Observation of Pipeline Behavior at Geographically Complex Site During Earthquake,” Proceedings, 8th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, San Francisco, Vol. 7, pp. 247–254.
Nishio, N., Ukaji, T., Tsukamoto, K., and Ishita, O., 1983, “Model Experiments on the Behavior of Buried Pipelines During Earthquakes,” PVP-Vol. 77, ASME, pp. 263–272.
Nishio, N., 1987, “Mechanism of Seismic Strain in Buried Pipelines Based on Field Observations and Model Experiments,” Proceedings, 5th Canadian Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Ottawa, pp. 637–644.
Nishio, N., 1992, “Damage Ratio Prediction for Buried Pipelines Based on Deformability of Pipelines and Nonuniformity of Grounds,” PVP-Vol. 270, ASME, pp. 13–22.
Nishio,  N., 1994, “Damage Ratio Prediction for Buried Pipelines Based on the Deformability of Pipelines and the Nonuniformity of Ground,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 116, pp. 459–466.
Kubo, K., 1974, “Behavior of Underground Waterpipes During an Earthquake,” Proceedings, 5th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Rome, Vol. 1, pp. 569–578.
Toki, K., and Takada, S., (1974), “Seismic Response of Linear Structures Buried in Ground with Discontinuous Properties,” Proceedings, 13th JSCE Symposium on Earthquake Engineering, pp. 53–56.
Hindy,  A., and Novak,  M., 1979, “Earthquake Response of Underground Pipelines,” Earthquake Eng. Struct. Dyn., 7, pp. 451–476.
Ohtsuki, A., Tazoh, T., and Shimizu, K., 1984, “Effects of Lateral Inhomogeneity on Seismic Waves and Ground Strains,” Proc. JSCE, No. 350, pp. 291–300 (in Japanese).
Ohtsuki,  A., Yamahara,  H., Tazoh,  T., 1984, “Effect of Lateral Inhomogeneity on Seismic Waves: Observation and Analyses,” Earthquake Eng. Struc. Dyn., 12, pp. 795–816.
Wang,  L. R. L., and Cheng,  K. M., 1979, “Seismic Response Behavior of Buried Pipelines,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 101, pp. 21–30.
Nelson, I., and Weidlinger, P., 1979, “Effects of Local Inhomogenity on the Dynamic Response of Pipelines,” PVP-Vol. 34, ASME, pp. 63–82.
Xie, X., and He, Y. A., 1988, “Calculation of Earthquake Response to Embedded Pipeline Laid Through Different Media,” Proceedings, 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Vol. 7, pp. 49–53.
Liang,  J., and He,  Y. A., 1994, “3-D Seismic Response of Pipelines Through Two Different Soil Media,” J. Tianjin Univ., 27, pp. 200–204 (in Chinese).
He, Y. A., and Liang, J., 1994, “3-D Seismic Responses of Underground Pipeline Systems in Non-Homogeneous Soil Media,” Proceedings, 5th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, EERI, Chicago, Vol. 4, pp. 451–458.
Liang,  J., 1995, “Dynamic Analysis of Pipelines Laid Through Alluvial Valleys,” Trans. Tianjin Univ., 1, pp. 89–92.
Liang, J., 1995, “3-D Seismic Response of Pipelines Through Multiple Soil Media,” PVP-Vol. 312, ASME, pp. 101–107.
Liang, J., 1995, “3-D Seismic Response of Pipelines Laid Through Faults,” Proceedings, 4th U.S. Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, San Francisco, pp. 200–207.
Liang, J., Jia, S., and Hou, Z., 1995, “Seismic Response of Pipelines Laid Through Alluvial Valleys,” Proceedings, 4th U.S. Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, San Francisco, pp. 328–335.
Liang,  J., 1998, “Dynamic Behavior of Pipelines Through Three Soil Sites,” J. Tianjin Univ., 31, pp. 163–168 (in Chinese).
Oishi, H., and Sekiguchi, K., 1984, “Considerations on Strain-Occurrence Mechanism of Underground Pipelines During Earthquakes,” Proc. JSCE, No. 350, pp. 227–236 (in Japanese).
Ando, H., Sato, S., and Takagi, N., 1992, “Seismic Observation of a Pipeline Buried at the Heterogenous Ground,” Proceedings, 10th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Madrid, pp. 5563–5567.
Akiyoshi, T., and Fuchida, K., 1988, “Seismic Response of Pipeline Systems Buried in Dipping Soil Layers,” Proceedings, 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Tokyo-Kyoto, Vol. 7, pp. 67–72.
Liang, J., 1995, “Dynamic Response of Pipelines Laid Through Riverbeds,” PVP-Vol. 312, ASME, pp. 147–152.
Shinozuka, M., and Kawakami, H., 1977, “Underground Pipe Damages and Ground Characteristics,” Proceedings, ASCE Specialty Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, Los Angeles, pp. 239–307.
Hindy,  A., and Novak,  M., 1980, “Pipeline Response to Random Ground Motion,” J. Eng. Mech., ASCE, 106, pp. 339–360.
Zerva,  A., Ang,  A. H. S., and Wen,  Y. K., 1998, “Lifeline Response to Spatially Variable Ground Motions,” Earthquake Eng. Struct. Dynam., 16, pp. 361–379.
Zerva,  A., 1993, “Pipeline Response to Directionally and Spatially Corrected Seismic Ground Motions,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 115, pp. 53–58.
Loh,  C.-H., 1991, “Spatial Variability of Seismic Waves and its Engineering Application,” Struct. Safety, 10, pp. 95–111.
ASCE, 1984, Guidelines for the Seismic Design of Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems, New York.
Fuchida, K., Akiyoshi, T., and Hyodo, T., 1995, “Behavior of Pipelines Buried in SCP-Improved Ground During Earthquake,” Proceedings, 4th U. S. Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, San Francisco, pp. 104–111.
Japan Gas Association, 1982, Guideline for Earthquake Resistance Design of Gas Pipes.
Shinozuka,  M., Kameda,  H., and Koike,  T., 1983, “Ground Strain Estimation for Seismic Risk Analysis,” J. Eng. Mech., 109, ASCE, pp. 175–191.
Harada, T., and Shinozuka, M., 1987, “Stochastic Analysis of Spatial Variability of Seismic Ground Deformation,” Recent Advances in Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, T. Ariman et al. Eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 109–126.
Kamiyama, M., and O’Rourke, M J., 1995, “A Simplified Estimate of Seismic Soil Strain for Lifeline Systems,” Proceedings, of 4th U. S. Conference on Lifeline Earthquake Engineering, ASCE, San Francisco, pp. 192–199.
Sun, S., 1983, “Pipeline Damage and its Relationship with Joints,” PVP-Vol. 77, ASME, pp. 374–377.
Japan Waterworks Association, 1979, Guideline for Earthquake Resistance Design of Water Facilities.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Pipeline damage near cut-and-fill boundaries in Nanko-Dai District in the Miyagiken-Oki earthquake 8
Grahic Jump Location
Buckling failure of an oil pipeline crossing a riverbed in the 1976 Tangshan earthquake 58
Grahic Jump Location
Field observation of maximum axial strain along a pipeline through an alluvial valley 12
Grahic Jump Location
Relationship between nonuniformity index and maximum strain in ground 63

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In