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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Effects of Prestrain on Fracture Toughness and Fatigue-Crack Growth of Line Pipe Steels

[+] Author and Article Information
Naoto Hagiwara, Tomoki Masuda

Fundamental Technology Laboratory, Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 105-0023, Japan

Noritake Oguchi

Pipeline Department, Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd., Tokyo, 108-8527, Japan

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 123(3), 355-361 (Apr 20, 2001) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1379531 History: Received July 21, 2000; Revised April 20, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Mayfield, M. E., Maxey, W. A., and Wilkowski, G. M., 1979, “Fracture Initiation Tolerance of Line Pipe,” Proc. 6th Symposium on Line Pipe Research, American Gas Association, Arlington, VA, F , pp. 1–14.
Maxey, W. A., 1986, “Outside Force Defect Behavior,” Proc. 7th Symposium on Line Pipe Research, American Gas Association, Arlington, VA, 14 , pp. 1–33.
Hagiwara,  N., Meziere,  Y., Oguchi,  N., Zarea,  M., and Champavere,  R., 1999, “Fatigue Behavior of Steel Pipes Containing Idealized Flaws under Fluctuating Pressure,” JSME Int. J., Ser. A, 42, pp. 610–617.
Hagiwara,  N., and Oguchi,  N., 1999, “Fatigue Behavior of Line Pipes Subjected to Severe Mechanical Damage,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 121, pp. 369–374.
Inoue,  H., Maenaka,  H., and Sakuma,  M., 1986, “Effects of Compressive Prestrain on Fracture Toughness” (in Japanese), J. Soc. Nav. Architects Jpn, 160, pp. 450–460.
Leis, B. N. and Goetz, D. P., and Scott, P. M., 1986, “Prediction of Inelastic Crack Growth in Ductile Line Pipe Materials,” Proc. 7th Symposium on Line Pipe Research, American Gas Association, Arlington, VA, 16 , pp. 1–31.
Hanxing,  Z., Guangxia,  L., Changchun,  L., and Kitagawa,  H., 1992, “Effects of Prestrain on the Fracture Properties of Pressure Vessel Steel,” Int. J. Fract., 53, pp. 291–299.
Miyata,  T., Tagawa,  T., and Aihara,  S., 1997, “Influence of Pre-strain on Fracture Toughness and Stable Crack Growth in Low Carbon Steels,” Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics: Twenty-Eighth Volume, ASTM Spec. Tech. Publ., 1321, pp. 167–176, eds., J. H. Underwood, B. D. Macdonald, and M. R. Mitchell, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA.
Homma,  K., Miki,  C., and Yang,  H., 1998, “Fracture Toughness of Cold Worked and Simulated Heat Affected Structural Steel,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 59, pp. 17–28.
Miki,  C., Sasaki,  E., Kyuba,  H., and Takenoi,  I., 2000, “Deterioration of Fracture Toughness of Steel by Effect of Tensile and Compressive Prestrain” (in Japanese), J. Struct. Mech. Earthquake Eng., 640, I–50, pp. 165–175.
Oguchi, N., Hagiwara, N., Yatabe, H., and Masuda, T., 2000, “Numerical Prediction Method for Fatigue Life of Line Pipes Containing Idealized Flaws under Fluctuating Pressure,” Pipeline Technology, ed., R. Denys, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2 , pp. 119–126.
Horikawa, K., 1980, “Strain Aging Embrittlement of Structural Steel due to Cold Forming” (in Japanese), JSCE Proc. Japan Society of Civil Engineers, 300 , pp. 13–20.
British Standard Institution (BSI), 1991, “Fracture Mechanics Toughness Tests—Part 1: Method for Determination of KIc, Critical CTOD and Critical J Values of Metallic Materials,” BS 7448-1.
The Japan Welding Engineering Society (JWES), 1997, “Method of Assessment for Defects in Fusion Welded Joints with respect to Brittle Fracture and Fatigue Crack Growth” (in Japanese), WES 2805.
Tada, H., Paris P. C., and and Irwin, G. R., 1985, The Stress Analysis of Cracks Handbook, Second Edition, Del Research Corporation, St. Louis, MO.
Mogami,  K., Hayashi,  T., Ando,  K., and Ogura,  N., 1990, “Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior and Tearing Instability Characteristics under Cyclic High Stress (1st Report, In the Case of STS 42 Carbon Steel for Piping)” (in Japanese), Trans. JSME, 56–524, pp. 768–774.

Figures

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Dimensions of test specimens
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Temperature dependence of critical CTOD
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Prestrain dependence of critical CTOD
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Transition temperature versus |α|
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Prestrain dependence of normalized critical CTOD
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Typical fractographs for Steel E—(a) εpr=2 percent, (b) εpr=3 percent at 0 °C
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Transition temperature versus critical prestrain
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Effect of prestrain on number of cycles to 0.1 mm of fatigue crack growth
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Relationship between crack length and crack growth rate
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Relationship between crack length and crack growth rate
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Relationship between ΔK/(B−Kmax) and crack growth rate
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Relationship between ΔK/(B−Kmax) and crack growth rate
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Effect of prestrain on the coefficient C
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Effect of prestrain on the coefficient n

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