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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Oxidation Rate of Advanced Heat-Resistant Steels for Ultra-Supercritical Boilers in Pressurized Superheated Steam

[+] Author and Article Information
Yong-Sun Yi, Yutaka Watanabe, Tatsuo Kondo

Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579, Japan

Hiroshi Kimura, Minoru Sato

Thermal Power Planning Group, Thermal Power Engineering Department, Tohoku Electric Power Company, Sendai 980-8550, Japan

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 123(3), 391-397 (Feb 28, 2001) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1373656 History: Received April 17, 2000; Revised February 28, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Naoi, H., Mimura, H., Ohgami, M., Morimoto, H., Takana, T., Yazaki, Y., and Fujita, T., 1995, “NF616 Pipe Production and Properties and Welding Consumable Development,” New Steels for Advanced Plant up to 620°C, E. Metcalfe, ed., The Society of Chemical Industry, London, UK, pp. 8–29.
Masuyama, F., and Yokoyama, T., 1995, “NF616 Fabrication Trials–in Comparison with HCM12A,” New Steels for Advanced Plant up to 620°C, E. Metcalfe, ed., The Society of Chemical Industry, London, UK, pp. 30–44.
Sawaragi, Y., Iseda, A., Ogawa, K., Masuyama, F., and Yokoyama, T., 1995, “HCM12A Pipe Production, Properties and Welding Consumable Development,” New Steels for Advanced Plant up to 620°C, E. Metcalfe, ed., The Society of Chemical Industry, London, UK, pp. 45–55.
Solberg,  H. L., Hawkins,  G. A., and Potter,  A. A., 1942, “Corrosion of Unstressed Steel Specimens and Various Alloys by High-Temperature Steam,” Trans. ASME, 64, pp. 303–316.
Hawkins,  G. A., Solberg,  H. L., Agnew,  J. T., and Potter,  A. A., 1943, “Corrosion of Unstressed Specimens of Alloy Steel by Steam at Temperatures up to 1800F,” Trans. ASME, 65, pp. 301–308.
Hawkins,  G. A., Agnew,  J. T., and Solberg,  H. L., 1944, “The Corrosion of Alloy Steals by High-Temperature Steam,” Trans. ASME, 66, pp. 291–295.
Rohrig,  I. A., Van Duzer,  R. M., and Fellows,  C. H., 1944, “High-Temperature-Steam Corrosion Studies at Detroit,” Trans. ASME, 66, pp. 277–290.
Ruther,  W. E., and Greenberg,  S., 1964, “Corrosion of Steels and Nickel Alloys in Superheated Steam,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 111, pp. 1116–1121.
Potter,  A. A., Solberg,  H. L., and Hawkins,  G. A., 1937, “Investigation of the Oxidation of Metals by High-Temperature Steam,” Trans. ASME, 59, pp. 725–732.
Eberle, F., and Kitterman, J. H., 1968, “Scale Formations on Superheater Alloys Exposed to High Temperature Steam,” Behavior of Superheater Alloys in High Temperature High Pressure Steam, G. E. Lien, ed., ASME, pp. 67–113.
Fujii,  C. T., and Meussner,  R. A., 1964, “The mechanism of the High-Temperature Oxidation of Iron-Chromium Alloys in Water Vapor,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 111, pp. 1215–1221.
Surman,  P. L., and Castel,  J. E., 1969, “Gas Phase Transport in The Oxidation of Fe and Steel,” Corros. Sci., 9, pp. 771–777.
Mayer, P., and Manolescu, A. V., 1981, “The Role of Structural and Compositional Factors in Corrosion of Ferritic Steals in Steam,” High Temperature Corrosion (International Corrosion Conference Series NACE-6), NACE, pp. 368–379.
Fukuda, Y., Tamura, K., and Suzaki, K., 1997, “Effect of Cr and Si Contents on The Steam Oxidation of High Cr Ferritic Steels,” Proc. Internal Symposium on Plant Aging and Life Prediction of Corrodible Structure, Sapporo, Japan, JSCE and NACE, pp. 835–840.
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Effertz, P. H., 1972, “Morphology and Composition of Magnetite Layers in Boiler Tubes Following Long Exposure,” Proc., 5th International Congress on Metallic Corrosion, NACE, Tokyo, pp. 920–924.

Figures

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Schematics of the autoclave system for steam oxidation experiments
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Examples of weight gain behavior at (a) 700°C, and (b) 600°C
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Material dependencies of oxidation rate constant, Kp, for 700 and 600°C. Kp values are plotted as a function of the bulk Cr content in the materials.
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Cross-sectional SEM images of oxide scales formed at 700°C/10 MPa—(a) HCM2S, (b) NF616, and (c) HCM12A
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Compositional profiles of oxide scales formed at 700°C/10 MPa—(a) HCM2S, (b) NF616, and (c) HCM12A
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Maximum Cr concentrations in the inner layer scales plotted as a function of testing temperature
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Correlation between Kp and the maximum Cr concentration in the inner layer scales
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Arrhenius-type plots of Kp measured at (a) 10 MPa and (b) 2 MPa or lower
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Kp plotted as a function of pressure for (a) 700°C case, and (b) 600°C case
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Pre-aging effect on Kp for NF616 (Heat-B) at 700°C/2 Mpa

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