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TECHNICAL PAPERS

External Pressure Testing of 4-in-Dia High-Density Polyethylene Pipe

[+] Author and Article Information
Linping Zhao, Nathaniel M. Beuse, G. E. O. Widera

Marquette University, Center for Industrial Processes and Productivity, Milwaukee, WI 53201

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 123(3), 398-403 (Feb 28, 2001) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1376718 History: Received September 13, 2000; Revised February 28, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

ASTM, 1991, “D 1598 Time to Failure of Plastic Under Constant Internal Pressure,” American Society for Testing and Material, Philadelphia, PA.
ASTM, 1993, “D 2837 Standard Test Method For Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials,” American Society for Testing and Material, Philadelphia, PA.
PPI, 1992, PPI Technical Report, TR-3/92, “Policies and Procedures for Developing Recommended Hydrostatic Design Stress for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials,” Part W, p. 35.
Widera, G. E. O., Shi, J., and Leon, G. F., 1996, “Development of a Reliable Procedure for Obtaining Design Coefficients for Thermoplastic Pipe under Internal Pressure,” Proc. Fourth International Conference on Fluid Sealing, Cannes, France.
ASTM, 1993, “D 2924 Standard Test Method For External Pressure Resistance of Fiberglass (Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Thermosetting-Resin) Pipe,” American Society for Testing and Material, Philadelphia, PA.
Short, II, W. E., Leon, G. F., Widera, G. E. O., Ziu, C. G., 1996, “Literature Survey and Interpretive Study on Thermoplastic and Reinforced-Thermosetting-Resin Piping and Component Standards,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., 415 , New York, NY.
Deutscher Verlag fuer Schweisstechnik, DVS, 1989, “Schweissen und Kleben von Kunstoffen R2205,” DVS-Verlag GmbH, Duesseldorf, Germany.
ASTM, 1991, “D 2412 Determination of External Loading Characteristics of Plastic Pipe by Parallel Plate Loading,” American Society for Testing and Material, Philadelphia, PA.
Farchad,  M., and Flueler,  P., 1995, “Buckling Resistance of Polymer Pipes under Hydrostatic Pressure,” Plastics, Rubber and Composites Processing and Applications, 25, No. 8, pp. 373–379.
Jenkins, C. F., and Kroll, D., 1981, “External Hydrostatic Loading of Polyethylene Pipe,” Proc. Int. Conference on Underground Plastic Pipe, New Orleans, LA, pp. 527–531.
PHILIPS DRISCOPIPE, 1991, “System Design,” Philips Driscopipe, Richardson, TX, pp. 37, 48–49.
Widera, G. E. O., and Zhao, L., 1999, “On the Determination of Long Term Hydrostatic Strength of Plastic (HDPE) Pipe,” WRC Bulletin 99-WRCB-06, “Plastic Pipe: Burst and Fatigue Testing of PVC and HDPE Pipe,” Welding Research Council, New York, NY.
Widera, G. E. O., Qin, S. J., and Shi, J., 1994, “On the Use of Reliability Analysis in the Testing of Plastic Pipe,” Marquette University Report to PVRC, Milwaukee, WI.
Labview Manual, National Instruments, Inc., 1998.
O’Donnell, Hugh W., 1996, “Investigation of Pipeline Buckle Failure in a Horizontally Directionally Drilled Installation,” Pipeline Crossings, Proc., ASCE Specialty Conference. New York, NY, pp. 163–172.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
The middle cross section of failed HDPE pipe indicates the failure mode of HDPE pipe subjected to the external hydrostatic pressure
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of predictions of the Marquette equation to DRISCOPIPE data 11

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