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TECHNICAL PAPERS

The Influence of Multiple Axial Erosions on a Three-Dimensional Crack in Determining the Fatigue Life of Autofrettaged Pressurized Cylinders

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Levy

Department of Civil Engineering, Academic College of Judea and Samaria, Ariel 44837, Israelon leave from the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199

M. Perl

Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, 84105, Israele-mail: merpr01@bgumail.bgu.ac.il

Q. Ma

Mechanical Engineering Department, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PAformer Graduate Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 124(1), 1-6 (May 22, 2001) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1386656 History: Received October 17, 2000; Revised May 22, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Becker,  A. A., Plant,  R. C. A., and Parker,  A. P., 1993, “Axial cracks in Pressurized Eroded Autofrettage Thick Cylinders,” Int. J. Fract., 63, pp. 113–134.
Parker, A. P., Plant, R. C. A., and Becker, A. A., 1993, “Fatigue Lifetimes for Pressurized Eroded Cracked Autofrettage Thick Cylinders,” Fracture Mechanics: Twenty-Third Symposium, ASTM STP 1189, ed., Ravinder Chona, ASTM Spec. Tech. Publ., Philadelphia, PA, pp. 461–473.
Underwood,  J. H. and Parker,  A. P., 1995, “Fatigue Life Analyses and Tests for Thick-Wall Cylinders Including Effects of Overstrain and Axial Grooves,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 117, pp. 222–226.
Levy,  C., Perl,  M., and Fang,  H., 1998, “Cracks Emanating from an Erosion in a Pressurized Autofrettaged Thick-Walled Cylinder—Part I: Semi-circular and Arc Erosions,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 120, pp. 349–353.
Perl,  M., Levy,  C., and Fang,  H., 1998, “Cracks Emanating from an Erosion in a Pressurized Autofrettaged Thick-Walled Cylinder—Part II: Erosion Depth and Ellipticity Effects,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 120, pp. 354–358.
Perl,  M., Levy,  C., and Bu,  J., 1999, “Three Dimensional Erosion Geometry Effects on the Stress Intensity Factors of an Inner Crack Emanating from an Erosion in an Autofrettaged Pressurized Thick-Walled Cylinder,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 121, 2, pp. 209–215.
Levy, C., Perl, M., and Ma, Q., 1999, “The Influence of Multiple Axial Erosions on the Fatigue Life of Autofrettaged Pressurized Cylinders,” Proc., 1999 PVP Conference, ASME PVP-Vol. 385 , pp. 169–175.
Raju,  I. S. and Newman,  J. C., 1980, “Stress Intensity Factors for Internal Surface Cracks in Cylindrical Pressure Vessel,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 102, pp. 342–346.
Raju,  I. S. and Newman,  J. C., 1982, “Stress Intensity Factors for Internal and External Surface Cracks in Cylindrical Vessel,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 104, pp. 293–298.
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Barsoum,  R. S., 1976, “On the Use of Isoparametric Finite Element in Linear Fracture Mechanics,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 10, pp. 25–37.
Ingraffea,  A. R. and Manu,  C., 1980, “Stress Intensity Factor Computation in Three Dimensions with Quarter Point Elements,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 15, pp. 1427–1445.
Hussain,  M. A., Pu,  S. L., Vasilakis,  J. D., and O’Hara,  P., 1980, “Simulation of Partial Autofrettage by Thermal Loads,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 102, pp. 314–325.
Hill, R., 1950, The Mathematical Theory of Plasticity, Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK.
Perl,  M., and Arone,  R., 1988, “Stress Intensity Factors for a Radially Multicracked Partially Autofrettaged Pressurized Thick-Walled Cylinder,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 110, pp. 147–154.
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Shivakumar,  K. N., Tan,  P. W., and Newman,  J. C., 1988, “A Virtual Crack-Closure Technique for Calculating Stress Intensity Factors for Cracked Three-Dimensional Bodies,” Int. J. Fract., 36, pp. R43–R50.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Model of the eroded half-cylinder with a crack emanating from the farthest erosion’s DLES; plane Z=0 is plane of symmetry
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(a) The submodel showing the toroidlike finite element mesh; (b) definition of the angle ϕ
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(a) Normalized effective SIFs versus ϕ for erosion curvature r/t=0.05 for a crack emanating from the central erosion, d/t=0.05,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=1,α=12 deg; (b) normalized effective SIFs versus ϕ for erosion curvature r/t=0.05 for a crack emanating from the farthest erosion, d/t=0.05,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=1,α=12 deg
Grahic Jump Location
Normalized effective SIFs versus erosion curvature and ϕ for three erosions; d/t=0.05,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=0.5,α=30 deg
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Normalized effective SIFs versus erosion curvature and ϕ for three erosions; d/t=0.05,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=1,α=30 deg
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Maximums of the KI eff versus erosion curvature for three erosions; d/t=0.05,a0/t=0.05,α=30 deg
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Normalized effective SIFs versus ϕ for various erosions and one crack; d/t=0.05,d/h=0.5,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=1,α=12 deg
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Normalized effective SIFs versus erosion ellipticity and ϕ for three erosions; d/t=0.05,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=0.5,α=12 deg
Grahic Jump Location
Normalized effective SIFs versus erosion ellipticity and ϕ for three erosions; d/t=0.05,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=1,α=12 deg
Grahic Jump Location
Maximums of the KI eff versus erosion ellipticity for three erosions; d/t=0.05,a0/t=0.05,α=12 deg
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Maximums of the KI eff versus erosion span angle for various number of erosions and one crack; d/t=0.05,d/h=1,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=1
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Maximums of the KI eff versus erosion span angle for various crack ellipticities for three erosions; d/t=0.05,d/h=1,a0/t=0.05
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Maximums of the KI eff versus erosion number for one crack; d/t=0.05,r/t=0.1,a0/t=0.05,a0/c=1,α=12 deg
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Maximums of the KI eff versus erosion depth and various crack ellipticities for three erosions; d/h=1,a0/t=0.05,α=12 deg
Grahic Jump Location
Maximums of the KI eff versus crack depth and various crack ellipticities for three erosions; d/t=0.05,d/h=1,α=7 deg

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