Mechanical Behavior of a Branch Pipe Subjected to Out-of-Plane Bending Load

[+] Author and Article Information
S. Chapuliot, D. Moulin

CEA/DMT/SEMT/RDMS, 91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex, France

D. Plancq

CEA/DER/SERA/LDCS, 13108 St Paul Lez Durance Cedex, France

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 124(1), 7-13 (May 22, 2001) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1386668 History: Received August 01, 2000; Revised May 22, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Lin, J., et al. 1993, “Local Stress Factors for Pipe Nozzle due to Radial Load, Circumferential and Longitudinal Moment,” ASME PVP - Vol. 265, pp. 307–318.
Moffat, D. G., et al., 1989, “Moment Loads on Branch Pipe Junctions: The Effect of Run Pipe Fixing on Elastic Stress Level and Its-Application on Plastic Limit Loads,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, pp. 249–259.
Gwalthey, R. C., 1976, “Experimental Stress Analysis of Cylinder-to-Cylinder Shell Models and Comparisons With Theoretical Predictions,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., Nov., pp. 283–290.
Moffat,  D. G., , 1991, “Effective Stress Factors for Piping Branch Junctions due to Internal Pressure and External Moment Loads,” J. Strain Anal., 26, pp. 85–101.
Ellyin, F., and Turkkan, N., 1973, “Out-of-Plane Limit Couples Nozzles in Cylindrical Vessels of Branch Pipes in Tee Connections,” Proc., 2nd Int. Conf. on Pressure Vessels Technology, Paper 126, San Antonio, TX, Sept.
Schroeder, J., 1973, “Upper Bounds to In Plane and Out-of-Plane Limit Couples Applied to Branch for Branch/Pipe Diameter Ratios Smaller Than 0.8,” Proc., 2nd Int. Conf. on Pressure Vessels Technology, Papers 122-123, San Antonio, TX, Sept.
Hamilton,  R., , 1996, “Simplified Lower Bound Limit Analysis of Pressurized Cylinder/Cylinder Intersections Using Generalized Yield Criteria,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 67, pp. 219–226.
Cloud, R. L., Rodabaugh, E. C., 1968, “Approximate Analysis of the Plastic Limit Pressures of Nozzles in Cylindrical Shells,” ASME J. Eng. Power, April, pp. 171–176.
Schroeder, J., and Rangarajan, P., 1969, “Upper Bounds to Limit Pressures of Branch-Pipe Tee Connections,” First Int. Conf. on Pressure Vessel Technology, Part 1, September 29-October 2, p. 277–291.
Yahiaoui, K., et al., 1992, “The Racheting Behavior of Fabricated Piping Branch Junctions Under Steady Internal Pressure and Simulated Seismic Run Pipe In Plane Bending,” Proc., Conf. on Structural integrity, 1992, pp. 111–123.
Yahiaoui,  K., 1993, “Single Frequency Seismic Loading Tests on Pressurized Branch Pipe Intersections Machined From Solid,” J. Strain Anal., 28, pp. 197–207.
Ellyin, F., 1977, “Plastic Limit Load on Intersection Cylinder,” Int. Conf. on Struct. Mech. in Reactor Technology, G8/6, Paper San Francisco.
Ellyin, F., 1977, “An Experimental Study of Elasto-Plastic Response of Branch Pipe Tee Connection Subjected to Internal Pressure, External Couples and Combined Loadings,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., 230 , Sept.
Schroeder,  J., and Tugcu,  P., 1978, “Plastic Stability of Pipes and Tees Exposed to External Couples,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., 238, June.
Ellyin, F., and Turkkan, N., 1973, “Limit In Plane Couple of Nozzles in Cylindrical Vessels and Branch,” connections in piping systems. SMIRT, Berlin, Germany, Vol. 3, Part G.
Ellyin, F., 1976, “Experimental Investigation of Limit Loads of Nozzles in Cylindrical Vessels,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., 219 , Sept.
Chapuliot, S., et al., 1997, “Mechanical Behavior of Cracked Branch Pipes Subjected to Out-of-Plane bending,” Proc., ICF9 conference, Sydney, Australia, April 1–5.
Castem 2000, 1995, User’s Manual.
Ponter, A. R. S., 1995, “Limit State Solutions, Based on Linear Elastic Solutions With a Spatially Varying Elastic Modulus,” Report 95-22 Université de Leicester, to be published in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering.
Desquines,  J., and Plancq,  D., 1997, “In-Plane Limit Moment for an Elbow. Lower Bound Analytical Solution and Finite Element Processing by Elastic Compensation Method,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 71, pp. 29–34.


Grahic Jump Location
Load-displacement curve
Grahic Jump Location
Collapse mode of the branch pipe
Grahic Jump Location
Strain gages J5 versus displacement
Grahic Jump Location
Strain gages J10 versus displacement
Grahic Jump Location
Calculated limit collapse mode
Grahic Jump Location
Limit analysis algorithm
Grahic Jump Location
Buckling mode amplitude
Grahic Jump Location
Limit load with geometrical defect
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between test and elastic-plastic calculations




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In