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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Analytical Modeling of the Contact Stress With Nonlinear Gaskets

[+] Author and Article Information
Abdel-Hakim Bouzid

Ecole de Technologie Superieure, Mechanical Engineering Department, Montreal, Quebec H3C 1K3, Canadae-mail: hakim.bouzid@etsmtl.ca

Michel Derenne

Ecole Polytechnique of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3A7, Canadae-mail: midere@meca.polymtl.ca

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 124(1), 47-53 (Jul 03, 2001) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1426084 History: Received February 06, 2001; Revised July 03, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, 1997, Section VIII, Division 1, Pressure Vessels, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, NY.
Short II, W. E., 1992, “A Parametric Study of Class 150 Flanges with Spiral Wound Gaskets,” Pressure Vessel and Piping, Vol. 235, Design and Analysis of Pressure Vessels, Piping, and Components, ASME.
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, 2000, Subcommittee on Design, SWG-BFJ, “Non-mandatory Appendix BFJ, Alternative Rules for Bolted Flange Joints with Ring Type Gaskets,” draft report, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, NY
Bouzid, A., Chaaban, A., and Bazergui, A., 1994, “The Influence of the Flange Rotation on the Leakage Performance of Bolted Flanged Joints,” Proc., CSME Forum, Montreal, Vol. I, pp. 184–194.
Bartonicek, J., Birembeaut, Y., Kockelmann, H., and Vignaud, J. C., 1996, “Verification of Gasket Factors Determined in Standarized Tests by Means of Flanged Joints—European Research Project BE 5191—Task 9,” Proc., 4th Int. Symposium on Fluid Sealing of Static Gasketed Joints, Mandelieu-La-Napoule, France, pp. 419–453.
Bouzid, A., Derenne, M., and El-Rich, M., 1999, “Effect of Flange Rotation on the Leakage Performance of Bolted Flanged Joints,” Final Report, project 98-05, Pressure Vessel Research Council, Committee on Bolted Flange Connections, New York, NY.
Sawa,  T., Higurashi,  N., and Akagawa,  H., 1991, “A Stress Analysis of Pipe Flanged Connections,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 113, pp. 497–503.
Bouzid, A., and Derenne, M., 1997, “Distribution of the Gasket Contact Stress in Bolted Flanged Connections,” Pressure Vessel and Piping, Vol. 354, Current Topics in the Design and Analysis of Pressure Vessels and Piping, ASME, pp. 185–193.
Soler,  A. I., 1980, “Analysis of Bolted Flanged Joint With Nonlinear Gasket,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 102, pp. 249–256.
Singh, K. P., and Soler, A. I., 1984, Mechanical Design of Heat Exchangers and Pressure Vessel Components, Arcturus Publishers, NJ.
Boneh, B., Ayrault, D., and Boillot, L., 1986, “Amélioration d’une Méthode d’Analyze des Brides Circulaires Boulonnées,” Int. Symp. on Fluid Sealing, Application to Bolted Flanged Connections, Nantes, France, pp. 107–119.
Nagy,  A., 1997, “Time dependent Characteristics of Gaskets at Flange Joints,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 72, pp. 219–229.
Waters,  E. O., Rosshein,  D. B., Wesstrom,  D. B., and Williams,  F. S. G., 1937, “Formulas for Stresses in Bolted Flanged Connections,” Trans. ASME, 59, pp. 161–169.
Bouzid,  A., and Chaaban,  A., 1993, “Flanged Joint Analysis: A Simplified Method Based on Elastic Interaction,” Trans. Can. Soc. Mech. Eng., 17, No. 2, pp. 181–196.
SuperFlange: An Engineering Software for Flange Design, Presys, Montreal.
Chaaban, A., Bouzid, A., Derenne, A., and Scheifer, W., 1993, “Evaluation of Torque Coefficients and Gasket Stress Distributions in Bolted Flanged Joint Using Different Type of Lubricants,” 3rd Int. Symp. on Fluid Sealing of Static Gasketed Joints, Biarritz, France, pp. 451–462.
Czernik, D. E., and Miszczak, F. L., 1991, “A New Technique to Measure Real-Time Static and Dynamic Gasket Stresses,” SAE Trans., Section 3, Technical Paper No. 910205.

Figures

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Flange analytical model
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Gasket modeling behavior
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Model of analysis for gasket deformations and contact stresses
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Contact stress calculation algorithm
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NPS 4 class 600 experimental bolted joint setup
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3-D FE model of the heat exchanger flange
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Effect of flange thickness (rotation) on leakage
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Gasket average stress location
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Comparison of flange rotations
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FE evaluations of NPS 4 class 600 flange rotations
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Gasket compression in a heat exchanger flange with CMS gasket
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Radial distribution of gasket contact stress in an NPS 4 class 150 WN flange
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Radial distribution of gasket contact stress in an NPS 4 class 600 WN flange
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Radial distribution of contact stress in a heat exchanger flange with CMS gasket

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