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TECHNICAL PAPERS

The Response of Pipes and Supports to Internal Pressure Loads Generated by Gaseous Detonations

[+] Author and Article Information
G. O. Thomas

Centre for Explosion Studies, Department of Physics, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK SY23 3BZe-mail: got@aber.ac.uk

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 124(1), 66-73 (Aug 31, 2001) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1427342 History: Received August 15, 2000; Revised August 31, 2001
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Baker, W. Cox, P. A., Westine, P. S., Kulesz, J. J., and Strehlow, R. A., 1986, Explosion Hazards and Evaluation, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Holland.
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Frýa, L., 1972, Vibration of Solids and Structures Under Moving Loads, Nordhoff International Publishing, Groningen, The Netherlands.
Gau,  J. S., Scavuzzo,  R. J., and Lam,  P. C., 1994, “Dynamic Behavior of Elastic-Plastic Simply Supported Pipes,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 116, pp. 306–311.
Yan,  1997, “Response of Pipeline Structure Subjected to Ground Motion Excitation,” Eng. Struct., 19(8), pp. 679–684.
Brossard,  J., and Charpentier de Coysevox,  N., 1976, “Effets d’ un confinement souple sur la detonation des melange gazeux,” (in French), Acta Astron., 3, pp. 971–981.
Renard, J., Aminallah, M., Tronel, M., and Brossard, J., 1982, “Rhologie d’un polymer a haute vitesse de defoemation: Tube parcouru par une onde de detonation, Extraitde 17e colloque annuel Group Francais de Rheologie” (in French), Tome VI, No. 3, pp. 99–117.
Brossard, J., Renard, J., and Aminallah, M., 1986, “Shock Waves in a Gas Filled Flexible Tube,” Shock Waves and Shock Tubes, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, pp. 595–600.
Malherbe,  M. C., Wing,  R. D., Laderman,  A. J., and Oppenheim,  A. K., 1966, “Response of a Cylindrical Shell to Internal Blast Loading,” J. Mech. Eng. Sci., 8, pp. 91–98.
Beltman,  W. M., Burcusu,  E. N., Shepherd,  J., and Zuhal,  L., 1999, “The Structural Response of Cylindrical Shells to Internal Shock Loading,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 121, pp. 315–322.
Lenartz, M., and Gronig, H. G., 1995, “Experimental Results From a Shock Tube With Gaseous Detonation Driver,” Proc., Symposium on Shock Waves, ed., K Takyama, Shock Wave Research Center Tohoku University, Japan, pp 1–12.
Itoh, S., Kirs, A., Liu, Z.-Y., and Nagano, S., “Deformation of a Metal Pipe due to an Underwater Shock,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 120 , pp. 176–180.
Tang,  S.-C., 1965, “Dynamic Response of a Tube Under Moving Pressure,” J. Eng. Mech. Div., 91, No. EM5, pp. 97–122.
Klein, H. W., and Wilming, H., 1996, “Dynamic Behavior of Piping Systems Under Dynamic Load,” Proc., ICPVT Conf., ASME Vol. 2, pp. 35–43.
Boyack,  K. W., Tieszen,  S. R., and Stamps,  D. W., 1993, “Internal Pressure Loads due to Gaseous Detonations,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, A443, pp. 343–366.
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Figures

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Schematic of straight pipe and gas re-circulating system
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Schematic of more complex pipe layout showing supports (S) and instrumentation positions: motion sensors (MS), strain gage pairs (SGP), and PCB pressure gages (P)
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Schematic of supports and mounting arrangement for the linear displacement transducers
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Comparison of typical measured detonation pressure with predicted analytically (smooth curve)
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Typical long duration strains for (a) gage parallel to axis of GRP tube, and (b) aligned along the circumference
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Higher time resolution strain histories recorded at three strain gage locations along the straight GRP pipe
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Distance time plot of detonation wave arrival times in driver tube (♦), first strain gage feature (•), and second strain gage feature (○)
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Strain gage outputs from two pairs of gages near the end cap of “T” piece. (a) and (b) axial; (c) and (d) transverse to tube main axis.
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Motion sensor outputs from gages located on (a) support S3 and (b) support S2 together with output from pressure gage P3. Test using the configuration shown in Fig. 2(c).
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Displacement sensor outputs showing coupling between orthogonal modes for a swept bends test using configuration shown in Fig. 2(a)
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(a) Pressures measured at and just after the first bend, and (b) hoop strain gage record obtained at the bend. Test using the configuration shown in Fig. 2(b).
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Pressure histories measured with GRP and PE pipes (a) at outside of first bend, and (b) outside of second bend. Both tests using the configuration shown in Fig. 2(b).
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Strain measurement obtained with the PE pipe—(a) ho op strain before the first bend, (b) axial strain before the first bend, and (c) hoop strain measured at the outside of the first bend
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Load–displacement histories of the coupled pipe and supports S1 and S2 shown in Fig. 2(c) when subject to (a) a quasi-static load, and (b) a reflected detonation. The pressure history shown is the side wall pressure history not the reflected end wall load.
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Experimental and predicted displacement based on a simple single degree of freedom model using the quasi-static stress strain relationship shown in Fig. 14(a)

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