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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Effects of Pressure Relief Valve Behavior on 2-Phase Energy Storage in a Pressure Vessel Exposed to Fire

[+] Author and Article Information
A. J. Pierorazio

Wilfred Baker Engineering, Inc., Blast Effects Section, San Antonio, TX 78209e-mail: adrian@wbeng.com

A. M. Birk

Mechanical Engineering, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canadae-mail: birk@me.queensu.ca

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 124(2), 247-252 (May 01, 2002) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1390520 History: Received March 01, 1999; Revised May 22, 2001; Online May 01, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Birk, A. M., and Cunningham, M. H., 1994, “A Medium-Scale Experimental Study of the Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion,” Transport Canada Publication No. TP 11995E, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Mar.
Pierorazio, A. J., and Birk, A. M., 1997, “Evaluation of Dangerous Goods Pressure Relief Valve Performance Phase 2 Steam-Based Tests: Preliminary Results,” Transport Canada Publication No. TP 13088E, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Dec.
Pierorazio, A. J., and Birk, A. M., 1998, “Dynamic Behavior of Transportation Pressure Relief Valves Under Simulated Fire Impingement Conditions,” Proc., ASME/JSME Joint Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, San Diego, CA.
Pierorazio, A. J., 1996, “Design, Construction and Commissioning of a Facility for the Dynamic Testing of Pressure Relief Valves,” M.Sc. thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Pierorazio, A. J., and Birk, A. M., 1996, “Evaluation of Dangerous Goods Pressure Relief Valve Performance Phase 2 Air Test Results,” Transport Canada Publication No. TP 12978E, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Dec.
Pierorazio, A. J., and Birk, A. M., 1998, “Air Test of Commercially Available Transport Vessel PRVs,” Proc., ASME/JSME Joint Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, San Diego, CA.

Figures

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Schematic of test facility (from 4)
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Sketch of thermocouple locations (all dimensions in inches)
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Typical pressure trace from cycling tests
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Typical temperature history for cycling test
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Position of warm stratified layer versus time for nozzle no. 5
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Position of warm stratified layer versus time for 50 psi blowdown
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Illustration of heat transfer processes in a top-heated tank during blowdown
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Typical pressure trace from constant frequency tests
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Comparison of depressurization curves for constant frequency tests
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Typical temperature plot for transient blowdown test
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Position of bottom of saturated layer versus time in transient blowdown test
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Evolution of liquid temperature profile for 100-s cycle with nozzle no. 10
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Evolution of liquid temperature profile for 100-s cycle with nozzle no. 1
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Comparison of destratification times for constant frequency tests

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