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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Comparison of Acoustoelastic Methods to Evaluate Stresses in Steel Plates and Bars

[+] Author and Article Information
Auteliano A. dos Santos

Departamento de Projeto Mecanico, FEM\UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, Brasil 13100-970e-mail: aute@fem.unicamp.br

Don E. Bray

Don E. Bray, Inc., College Station, TX, 77842-0315e-mail: debray@brayengr.com

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 124(3), 354-358 (Jul 26, 2002) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1484114 History: Received January 20, 2002; Revised April 15, 2002; Online July 26, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Prevey, P. S., 1991, “Problems with Nondestructive Surface X-Ray Diffraction Residual Stress Measurement,” Proc., Practical Application of Residual Stress Technology, Vol. 3, pp. 61–67.
Krawitz,  A. D., and Holden,  T. M., 1990, “The Measurement of Residual Stresses Using Neutron Diffraction,” MRS Bull., Nov. , pp. 57–64.
Vengrinivich, V., Busko, V., Vishnevsky, A., and Denkevich, Y., 1995, “Application of Magnetic Barkhausen Effect for Evaluation of Stresses and Structure of Ferromagnetics,” Nondestructive Characterization of Materials VII, Part 1, Proc. Seventh International Symposium on Nondestructive Characterization of Materials, Prague, Czech Republic, June eds., A. L. Bartos, R. E. Green, Jr., and C. O. Ruud, pp. 411–414.
Egle,  D. M., and Bray,  D. E., 1976, “Measurement of Acoustoelastic and Third Order Elastic Constants for Rail Steel,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 60, No. 3, Sept., pp. 741–744.
Schramm, R. E., Clark, A. V., Mitrakovic, D. V., and Schaps, S. R., 1991, “Ultrasonic Measurement of Residual Stress in Railroad Wheels,” Proc., Practical Application of Residual Stress Technology, Vol. 3, pp. 61–67.
Allen, D. R., Cooper, W. H. B., Sayers, C. M., and Silk, M. G., 1982, “The Use of Ultrasonics to Measure Residual Stresses,” Research Technique in Nondestructive Testing, Vol. 6, ed., by R. S. Sharpe, Academic Press, London, UK, pp. 151–209.
Pao, Y. H, Sachse, W., and Fukuoka, H., 1984, “Acoustoelasticity and Ultrasonic Measurements of Residual Stresses,” Physical Acoustics, Vol. XVII, Academic Press, pp. 61–143.
Schramm, R. E., Szelazek, J., and Van Clark, A., 1995, “Residual Stress in Induction-Heated Railroad Wheels: Ultrasonic and Saw Cut Measurements,” Report NISTIR 5038, National Institute of Standards and Technology—NIST.
Bray, D. E., and Stanley, R. K., 1997, Nondestructive Evaluation, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 148–168.
Santos,  A. A., and Bray,  D. E., 2000, “Ultrasonic Stress Measurement Using PC Based and Commercial Flaw Detector,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., 71, No. 9, Sept., pp. 3464–3469.
Bray, D. E., and Chance, B., 1999, “Practical Aspects of Ultrasonic Stress Measurement,” Proc., ASME Int., 6th NDE Topical Conference, ed., C. Darvennes, NDE-Vol. 19, San Antonio, Texas, April 19–22, pp. 75–79.
Kypa, J., Santos, A. A., and Bray, D. E., 1999, “Surface Stress Measurement using Longitudinal Critically Refracted (LCR) Waves,” Proc. XV COBEM—Congresso Brasileiro de Engenharia Meca⁁nica. Aguas de Lindoia (SP), Brazil, November 22–26.

Figures

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Velocity of plane waves and stress field in orthogonal coordinate system—(a) waves transverse to stress field, (b) waves parallel to stress field. Adapted from Bray and Stanley 7
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Frame to apply tensile load in bars
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Transducer scheme for longitudinal critically refracted waves
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Comparison of the results for strain gage and LCR measurements
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Comparison of the results for strain gage and shear probe measurements
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Percentile difference between the stresses calculated from strain gages and from the LCR instrumentation
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Percentile difference between the stresses calculated from the strain gages and from the shear wave instrumentation

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