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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Avoiding Thermoacoustic Vibration in Burner/Furnace Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Frantisek L. Eisinger, Robert E. Sullivan

Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation, Clinton, NJ 08809-4000

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 124(4), 418-424 (Nov 08, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1462623 History: Received August 24, 2001; Revised November 02, 2001; Online November 08, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Sondhauss,  C., 1850, “Uber die Schallschwingungen der Luft in erhitzten Glasrohren und in gedekten Pfeifen von ungleicher Weite,” Poggendorff Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 79, Feb., pp. 1–34.
Rijke,  P. L., 1859, “Notiz uber eine neue Art, die an einer an beiden Enden offnen Rohre enthaltene Luft in Schwingungen zu versetzen,” Poggendorff Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 107, May, pp. 339–345.
Eisinger, F. L., and Sullivan R. E., 2000, “Case Studies of Burner/Furnace Systems Sensitive to Thermoacoustic Oscillations,” Proc., 7th International Conference on Flow-Induced Vibration, Lucerne, Switzerland, in “Flow Induced Vibration,” eds., S. Ziada and T. Staubli, Balkema Publ., Rotterdam.
Eisinger,  F. L., 1994. “Fluid-Thermoacoustic Vibration of a Gas Turbine Recuperator Tubular Heat Exchanger System,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, July, pp. 709–717.
Eisinger, F. L., 1996, “Vibration of Systems Comprised of Hot and Cold Components,” United States Patent No. 5,489,202, February 6.
Eisinger,  F. L., 1999, “Eliminating Thermoacoustic Oscillations in Heat Exchanger and Steam Generator Systems,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 121, pp. 444–452.
Rayleigh, Lord, 1945, Theory of Sound, Vol. II, Dover Publications, New York, NY, pp. 223–234.
Carvalho, J. A., Jr., Ferreira, M. A., Bressan, C., and Ferreira, J. L. G., 1989, “Rijke Tube Burner,” Comb. Flame, 76 , p. 17.
Feldman, K. T., 1966, “A Study of Heat Generated Pressure Oscillations in a Closed End Pipe,” Ph.D. dissertation, Mechanical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.
Feldman,  K. T., 1968, “Review of the Literature on Sondhauss Thermoacoustic Phenomena,” J. Sound Vib., 7, No. 1, pp. 71–82.
Feldman,  K. T., 1968, “Review of Literature on Rijke Thermoacoustic Phenomena,” J. Sound Vib., 7, No. 1, pp. 83–89.
Feldman,  K. T., and Carter,  R. L., 1970, “A Study of Heat Driven Pressure Oscillations in a Gas,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 92, pp. 536–541.
Rott,  N., 1980, “Thermoacoustics,” Adv. Appl. Mech., 20 , Academic Press New York, NY.
Rott,  N., and Zouzoulas,  G., 1976, “Thermally Driven Acoustic Oscillations,” Part IV: Tubes With Variable Cross Section, Z. Angew. Math. Phys., 27, pp. 197–224.
ANSYS Computer Program, 1994, Release 5.5.1, ANSYS, Inc., Houston, PA.

Figures

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Line diagram of Sondhauss tube with acoustic oscillating pressure superimposed
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Line diagram of Rijke tube with acoustic oscillating pressure superimposed
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Stability diagram defining onset of large thermoacoustic oscillations; shape of curve after Rott 13
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Study Case 1: principal parameters of burner and furnace with acoustic waves superimposed
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Results for Study Case 1—(a) acoustic frequencies, (b) stability diagram
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Study Case 2: principal parameters of burner and furnace with acoustic waves superimposed
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Modification of Study Case 1 with additional air inlet to burner; shown new Rijke and Sondhauss acoustic waves
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Results for original and modified study Case 1—(a) acoustic frequencies, (b) stability diagram
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Modification of Study Case 2 with relocated air inlet to burner; shown new Rijke and Sondhauss acoustic waves
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Stability diagram showing results for original and modified Study Case 2

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