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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Cutting With High-Pressure Ammonia Jets for Demilitarization of Chemical Weapons

[+] Author and Article Information
Mohamed Hashish

Flow International Corporation, Kent, WA 98032 e-mail: Mhashish@flowcorp.com

Paul L. Miller

Gradient Technology, Blaine, MNe-mail: Miller@Gradtech.com

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 124(4), 487-492 (Nov 08, 2002) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1400755 History: Received February 27, 2001; Revised May 22, 2001; Online November 08, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Hendrickson, K. A., Losee, L. A., Stevens, P. M., and Mitchell, D. H., 1993, “Materials Hazards Testing in Support of the Army Large Rocket Motor Demilitarization Pilot Plant Materials,” Hercules Aerospace Company, Magna, UT, Joint 1993 JANAF Propulsion Meeting and 30th JANAF Combustion Subcommittee Meeting, Monterey, CA, [unclassified—approved for public release; unlimited distribution], Nov.
Melvin, W. S., and Graham, J., 1993, “Method to Demilitarize Extract, and Recover Ammonium Perchlorate from Composite Propellant Using Liquid Ammonia,” U.S. Patent No. 4854982, Oct.
Melvin, W. S., 1994, “Method to Extract and Recover Nitramine Oxidizers from Solid Propellants Using Liquid Ammonia”, U.S. Patent No. 5,285,995, Feb.
Lienhard, J. H., and Day, J. B., 1970 “The Breakup of Superheated Liquid Jets,” ASME J. Basic Eng., Sept., pp. 515–522.
Dunsky, C., and Hashish, M., 1995, “Feasibility Study of the Use of Ultrahigh Pressure Liquified Gas Jets for Machining of Nuclear Fuel Pins,” Proc. 8th American Water Jet Conference, Houston, TX, Aug., pp. 505–517.
Dunsky, C., and Hashish, M., 1996, “Observations on Cutting with Abrasive-Cryogenic Jets,” Proc. 13th Int. Water Jet Cutting Technology Conference, BHR Group, Sardinia, Italy, Oct., pp. 679–690.
Savanik, G., 1994, “Nitrogen Jet” Jet News, Waterjet Technology Association, Feb.
Lauriente, D. H., 1995, Chemical Economics Handbook, cited in http://www-cmrc.sri.com/CIN.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), 1998, “Saturation Properties for Ammonia–Pressure Increments,” from NIST Standard Reference Database, NIST Chemistry WebBook, http://webbook.nist.gov/cgi.
Pinevich, G., 1948, Kholod. Tekh. Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 30, as cited in Jolly, W. L., and Hallada, C. J., 1965, “Liquid Ammonia,” Non-Aqueous Solvent Systems, T. C. Waddington, ed., Academic Press, pp. 1–45.
Stairs, R. A., and Sienko, M. J., 1956, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 78 , pp. 920, as cited in Jolly, W. L., and Hallada, C. J., 1965, “Liquid Ammonia,” Non-Aqueous Solvent Systems, T. C. Waddington, ed., Academic Press, pp. 1–45.
Hashish, M., 1989, “Pressure Effects in Abrasive-Waterjet Machining,” ASME J. Eng. Mater. Technol., 111 , pp. 221–228.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Effect of temperature on high-pressure nitrogen jet structure
Grahic Jump Location
Cutting through steel with abrasive nitrogen jet
Grahic Jump Location
Cross section in M60 training rocket
Grahic Jump Location
Cutting and wash-out chamber
Grahic Jump Location
High-pressure ammonia pump
Grahic Jump Location
Cut and washed out rocket inside chamber
Grahic Jump Location
Munitions cut with ammonia jet
Grahic Jump Location
Washed out burster tube

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