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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Experimental Investigation of Heat Exchanger Tubesheet Hole Enlargement

[+] Author and Article Information
A. N. Shuaib, N. Merah

Mechanical Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia

M. K. Khraisheh

Center for Robotics and Manufacturing Systems, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506-0108

I. M. Allam

Mechanical Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia

S. S. Al-Anizi

Consulting Services Department, Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 125(1), 19-25 (Jan 31, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1533799 History: Received June 02, 2002; Revised October 21, 2002; Online January 31, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Yokell, S., 1991, “Expanded and Welded-and-Expanded Tube-to-Tube Sheet Joints,” TEMA Technical Committee Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yokell,  S., 1992, “Expanded and Welded-and-Expanded Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 114, pp. 157–165.
Kohlpaintner,  W. R., 1995, “Calculation of Hydraulically Expanded Tube-to Tubesheet Joints,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 117, pp. 24–30.
Openheimer, P., 1926, “Ueber Das Einwalzen und Einpressen Von Rohren in Kesselwaende,” Ph.D. thesis, Technical University of Munich.
Jantscha, R., 1929, “Ueber Das Einwalzen und Einpressen von Kesselund Ueberhetzrrohren bei Verwedung vershcheidener Werkstoffe.” Ph.D. thesis, Technical University of Darmstadt.
Jawad,  M. H., Clarkin,  E. J., and Schuessler,  R. E., 1987, “Evaluation of Tube-to-Tubesheet Junctions,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 109, pp. 19–26.
Goodier, J. N., and Schoessow, G. J., 1943, “The Holding Power and Hydraulic Tightness of Expanded Tube Joints: Analysis of the Stress and Deformation,” Trans. ASME, July.
Nadai, A., 1943, “Theory of the Expanding Boiler and Condenser Tube Joints Through Rolling,” Trans. ASME, Nov.
Wilson, R. M., 1978, “The Elastic-Plastic Behavior of a Tube During Expansion,” ASME Paper No. 78-PVP-112.
Chaaban,  A., Ma,  H., and Bazergui,  A., 1992, “Tube-Tubesheet Joint: A Proposed Equation for the Equivalent Sleeve Diameter Used in the Single Tube Model,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 114, 19.
Allam,  M., Chaaban,  A., and Bazergui,  A., 1998, “Estimation of Residual Stresses in Hydraulically Expanded Tube-Tubesheet Joints,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 120, pp. 129.
Allam, M., A. Bazergui, and A. Chaaban, 1998b, “The Effect of Tube Strain Hardening Level on the Residual Stresses of Hydraulically Expanded Tube-to-Tubesheet Joint,” ASME PVP Vol. 373, Fatigue, Fracture, and Residual Stresses, pp. 447–455.
Grimison,  E., and Lee,  G., 1943, “Experimental Investigation of Tube Expanding,” Trans. ASME, July, 497.
Fisher,  F. F., and Brown,  G. J., 1954, “Tube Expanding and Related Subjects,” Trans. ASME, May, 563–575.
Sang,  Z. F., Zhu,  Y. Z., and Widera,  G. E. O., 1996, “Reliability Factors and Tightness of Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 118, 137–141.
Appendix A. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, 1986, Section VIII, Division 1, American Society of Mechanical Engineering, pp. 575–580.
Standards for the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association, 1988, 7th Edition, TEMA, Tarrytown, New York, NY.
Mitra, A., 1998, Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement, 2nd Edition, Chap. 4. Prentice–Hall, Inc., New Jersey, pp. 173–193.
Pettersson, C. O., and Holmquist, M., 1996, “Tube-to-Tubesheet Welding and Expansion of the Super Duplex Steel SAF 2507 (UNS S32750) at the Fabrication of Heat Exchangers,” Stainless Steels Int. Congress, June, pp. 184–191.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
(a) Typical full-size test blocks having the expanded tubes, and (b) a pull-out test being performed on an Instron tensile testing machine showing the tube pulled out of its test block
Grahic Jump Location
Pull-out force of roller expanded tube joints versus overtolerance
Grahic Jump Location
Expanded tube wall reduction versus overtolerance of the joints
Grahic Jump Location
Graphical comparison of the theoretical and experimental pull-out forces

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