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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Influence of Pad Reinforcement on the Limit and Burst Pressures of a Cylinder-Cylinder Intersection

[+] Author and Article Information
L. Xue, G. E. O. Widera

Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53201

Z. F. Sang

Nanjing University of Chemical Technology, Nanjing, PRC

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 125(2), 182-187 (May 05, 2003) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1563629 History: Received February 18, 2002; Revised February 03, 2003; Online May 05, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Gerdeen, J. C., 1979, “A Critical Evaluation of Plastic Behavior Data and a Unified Definition of Plastic Loads for Pressure Components,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., No. 254, Nov.
Rodabaugh, E. C., 1979, “Interpretive Report on Limit Analysis and Plastic Behavior of Piping Products,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., No. 254, Nov.
Ellyin, F., 1977, “An Experimental Study of Elastic-Plastic Response of Branch-Pipe Tee Connections Exposed to Internal Pressure, External Couples and Combined Loadings,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., No. 236.
Schroeder, J., Srinivasan, K. R., and Graham, P., 1974, “Analysis of Test Data on Branch Connection Exposed to Internal Pressure and/or External Couple,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., No. 200, Nov.
Kalnins, A., 2001, “Guidelines for Sizing of Vessels by limit Analysis,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., No. 464.
Ellyin, F., and Turkhan, N., 1971, “Lower Bound to Limit Pressure of Nozzle-to-Cylindrical Shell Attachment,” ASME Paper 71-PVP-38.
Robinson, M., 1977, “A Lower Bound to the Limit Pressure of a Flush Radial Cylindrical Branch in a Cylindrical Pressure Vessel,” Developments in Stress Analysis for Pressurized Components, Applied Science Pub. Ltd., pp. 183–203.
Schroeder, J., 1980, “A Plastic Modulus Approach to Experimental Limit Loads,” ASME Paper No. 80-C2/PVP-1.
Schroeder, J., 1982, “Limit Burst Pressures of Fabricated Branch Connections,” ASME Paper 82-PVP-16.
Berak,  E. G., and Gerdeen,  J. C., 1990, “A Finite Element Technique for Limit Analysis of Structure Technology,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 112, p. 138.
Junker, A. T., 1980, “Finite Element Determination of Limit Load for a Nozzle in a Cylindrical Vessel under Internal Pressure,” ASME Paper, 82-PVP-10.
Sanal,  Z., 2000, “Nonlinear analysis of pressure vessels: Some examples,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 77(12), Oct., pp. 705–709.
Meier,  Gerhard, and Strohmeier,  K., 1999, “Determination of Limit Load by Means of Elastic-Plastic Finite Element Analysis as Exemplified by a Lateral Nozzle Subjected to Cyclic External Load,” Chem. Eng. Technol., 22(3), p. 216–219.
Plancq,  D., and Berton,  M. N., 1998, “Limit Analysis Based on Elastic Compensation Method of Branch Pipe Tee Connection under Internal Pressure and Out-Of-Plane Moment Loading,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 75(11), Sept., pp. 819–825.
Rodabaugh, E. C., 1988, “A Review of Area Replacement Rules for Pipe Connections in Pressure Vessels and Piping,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., No. 335.
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III and VIII-2, 1995 version, New York, NY.
Langer, B. F., 1977, “PVRC Interpretive Report of Pressure Vessel Research, Section 1—Design Considerations,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., No. 230.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Typical stress-strain curve for Q235-A
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Welds for test vessel (dimensions shown are in mm)
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Location and distribution of strain gages (a) for vessel No. 1, (b) for vessel No. 2 (numbers on inside are dimensions of spacing of gages)
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Pressure-strain curves and limit pressures—(a) vessel No. 1, (b) vessel No. 2
Grahic Jump Location
Ruptured test vessels—(a) vessel No. 1, (b) vessel No. 2

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