Acoustic Vibration in a Stack Induced by Pipe Bends

[+] Author and Article Information
F. L. Eisinger

R. E. Sullivan

Foster Wheeler Power Group Inc., Clinton NJ 08809-4000

P. Feenstra, D. S. Weaver

McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 125(2), 228-232 (May 05, 2003) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1565080 History: Received July 01, 2002; Revised February 10, 2003; Online May 05, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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Weaver, D. S., Feenstra, P., and Ewing, D., 1997, “Scale Model Testing of Pipe Elbow Turbulence-Induced Acoustic Resonance in a Straight Circular Pipe,” Project Report, Department of Mechanical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Nov.
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Chu, B. T., 1956, “Stability of Systems Containing a Heat Source—the Rayleigh Criterion.” National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics Research Memorandum 56D27.
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Bull, M. K., and Norton, M. P., 1982, “On Coincidence in Relation to Prediction of Pipe Wall Vibration and Noise Radiation Due to Turbulent Pipe Flow Disturbed by Pipe Fittings,” Int. Conf. Flow-Induced Vibration in Fluid Engineering, Reading, England, BHRA Fluid Engineering, pp. 347–368.
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Arrangement of cylindrical stack liner
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Two ninety degree bends in upstream section of stack liner
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Typical sound spectrum taken in vicinity of power plant. Shown single tone sound of 50 dB at frequency of 144 Hz.
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Structural vibratory acceleration spectrum taken on outside surface of upstream bend. Shown single frequency response at 172 Hz.
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Upstream bends of stack liner shown with two guide vanes in each bend
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Arrangement of two and three guide vanes based on the equal radius ratio concept. Shown arrangement for bend with 1.52 m radius.
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Normalized diagram of acoustic pressure P versus flow parameter MΔp showing experimental data from cold air tests and prediction for full-scale system (see also Tables 2, 3, and 4)




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