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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Finite Element Simulation of Bolt-Up Process of Pipe Flange Connections With Spiral Wound Gasket

[+] Author and Article Information
Toshimichi Fukuoka, Tomohiro Takaki

Department of Ocean Electro-Mechanical Engineering, Kobe University of Mercantile Marine, 5-1-1, Fukaeminami, Higashinada, Kobe, Japan

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 125(4), 371-378 (Nov 04, 2003) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1613304 History: Received September 11, 2001; Revised April 04, 2003; Online November 04, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Goddard, D. L., and Bibel, G. D., 1994, “Bolt Preload Variation During Torquing of a Bolted Flange Connection,” ASME PVP-Vol. 274, pp. 25–32.
Bouzid, A., and Derenne, M., 1999, “A Simple Method for Analyzing the Contact Stress in Bolted Flange Joints With Non-Linear Gaskets,” ASME PVP-Vol. 382, pp. 103–111.
Hwang,  D. Y., and Stallings,  N. M., 1994, “Finite Element Analysis of Bolted Flange Connections,” Comput. Struct., 51, pp. 521–533.
Jofriet,  J. C., Sze,  Y., and Thompson,  J. C., 1981, “Further Studies of the Interface Boundary Connections for Bolted Flanged Connections,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 103, pp. 204–245.
Rao,  D. G., Ramamurti,  V., and Narayama,  S., 1985, “Effect of Bolt Load on the Deformation of a Taper Hub Flange,” Comput. Struct., 21(3), pp. 405–412.
Sawa,  T., Higurashi,  N., and Akagawa,  H., 1991, “A Stress Analysis of Pipe Flange Connection,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 113, pp. 497–503.
Kohmura,  S., 1985, “Design of Aluminum Bolted Flange Connections. (Part 1: Relationship Between Leak Properties and Gasket Loads in Integral Hub Flanges),” Bull. JSME, 28(243), pp. 2181–2188.
Water,  E. O., and William,  P. G., 1952, “Stress Conditions in Flanged Joints for Low-Pressure Service,” Trans. ASME, 74(1), pp. 135–156.
Rosshim,  D. B., and Markl,  A. R. C., 1943, “Gasket-Loading Constants,” Mech. Eng. (Am. Soc. Mech. Eng.), 65, pp. 647–648.
Bazargui,  A., and Payne,  J. R., 1984, “Progress in Gasket Testing—Milestone Results,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 106, pp. 93–103.
Fukuoka,  T., and Takaki,  T., 2001, “Finite Element Simulation of Bolt-Up Process of Pipe Flange Connections,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 123, pp. 282–287.
Bibel,  G. D., and Ezell,  R. M., 1996, “Bolted Flange Assembly: Preliminary Elastic Interaction Data and Improved Bolt-up Procedures,” Weld. Res. Counc. Bull., 408, pp. 1–27.
Bibel,  G. D., and Ezell,  R. M., 1992, “An Improved Flange Bolt-Up Procedure Using Experimentally Determined Elastic Interaction Coefficients,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 114, pp. 439–443.
Weber, E. M., and Bibel, G. D., 1994, “Flange Bolt-Up Simulation Using 3-D Finite Element Modeling,” ASME PVP-Vol. 274, pp. 63–82.
ASME, 2000, “Guidelines for Pressure Boundary Bolted Flange Joint Assembly,” ASME PCC-1.
Fukuoka,  T., 1997, “Evaluation of the Method for Lowering Stress Concentration at the Thread Root of Bolted Joints with Modifications of Nut Shape,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 119, pp. 1–9.

Figures

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Configuration of spiral wound gasket
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Stress-strain relationship of spiral wound gasket
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Bolt number corresponding to the bolt-up sequence
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Numerical procedure for Problem 1
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Numerical procedure for Problem 2
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Scatter in bolt stresses at the completion of bolt-up (Problem 1)
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Variations of bolt stress of bolt 1 (Problem 1)
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Variations of contact pressure distributions (Problem 1)
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Experimental results of the scatter in bolt stress using calculated initial bolt stress (Problem 2)
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Variations of contact pressure distributions (Problem 2)
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Evaluations of the guideline for pipe flange assembly proposed by ASME

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