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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Thermoacoustically-Based Combustion Oscillation in a Gas Turbine—A Brief Note

[+] Author and Article Information
Frantisek L. Eisinger, Robert E. Sullivan

Foster Wheeler Power Group, Inc., Clinton, NJ 08809-4000

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 125(4), 454-459 (Nov 04, 2003) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1613303 History: Received July 03, 2002; Revised May 19, 2003; Online November 04, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Sondhauss, C., 1850, “Uber die Schallschwingungen der Luft in erhitzten Glasrohren und in gedekten Pfeifen von ungleicher Weite,” Poggendorff Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 79 , pp. 1–34.
Rijke, P. L., 1859, “Notiz uber eine neue Art, die an einer an beiden Enden offnen Rohre enthaltene Luft in Schwingungen zu versetzen,” Poggendorff Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 107 , pp. 339–345.
Eisinger,  F. L., 1994, “Fluid-Thermoacoustic Vibration of a Gas Turbine Recuperator Tubular Heat Exchanger System,” ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 116, pp. 709–717.
Eisinger, F. L., 1996, “Vibration of Systems Comprised of Hot and Cold Components,” United States Patent No. 5,489,202.
Eisinger,  F. L., 1999, “Eliminating Thermoacoustic Oscillations in Heat Exchanger and Steam Generator Systems,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 121, pp. 444–452.
Chu, B. T., 1955, “Pressure Waves Generated by Addition of Heat in a Gaseous Medium,” Technical Note 3411, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, pp. 1–47.
Chu, B. T., 1956, “Stability of Systems Containing a Heat Source-the Rayleigh Criterion,” Research Memorandum 56D27, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
Eisinger, F. L., and Sullivan, R. E., 2000, “Case Studies of Burner/Furnace Systems Sensitive to Thermoacoustic Oscillations,” in Flow Induced Vibration, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Flow-Induced Vibration, Lucerne, Switzerland, S. Ziada and T. Staubli, eds., Balkema publishers Rotterdam.
Eisinger,  F. L., and Sullivan,  R. E., 2002, “Avoiding Thermoacoustic Vibration in Burner/Furnace Systems,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 124, pp. 418–424.
Rayleigh, Lord, 1945, Theory of Sound, Vol. II, Dover Publications, New York, pp. 223–234.
Carvalho,  J. A., Ferreira,  M. A., Bressan,  C., and Ferreira,  J. L. G., 1989, “Rijke Tube Burner,” Combust. Flame, 76, p. 17.
Feldman, K. T., 1966, “A Study of Heat Generated Pressure Oscillations in a Closed End Pipe,” Ph.D. dissertation, Mechanical Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.
Feldman,  K. T., 1968, “Review of the Literature on Sondhauss Thermoacoustic Phenomena,” J. Sound Vib., 7(1), pp. 71–82.
Feldman,  K. T., 1968, “Review of Literature on Rijke Thermoacoustic Phenomena,” J. Sound Vib., 7(1), pp. 83–89.
Feldman,  K. T., and Carter,  R. L., 1970, “A Study of Heat Driven Pressure Oscillations in a Gas,” ASME J. Heat Transfer , 92, pp. 536–541.
Rott, N., 1980, “Thermoacoustics,” Advances in Applied Mechanics, 20 , Academic Press, New York, NY.
Rott,  N., and Zouzoulas,  G., 1976, “Thermally Driven Acoustic Oscillations, Part IV: Tubes With Variable Cross Section,” ZAMP, 27, pp. 197–224.
ANSYS Computer Program, 1994, Release 5.5.1, ANSYS, Inc., Houston, PA.

Figures

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Line diagram of Sondhauss tube with acoustic oscillating pressure superimposed
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Line diagram of Rijke tube with acoustic oscillating pressure superimposed
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Stability diagram defining onset of large thermoacoustic oscillations; shape of curve after Rott (1980)
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Schematic arrangement of burner and combustion chamber within gas turbine
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Typical frequency spectrum of pressure pulsation inside combustion chamber
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Normalized acoustic pressure mode shapes for original geometry (a), (b) Rijke modes representing combined cold and hot regions, (c), (d) combustion chamber modes
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Stability diagram of thermoacoustic vibration for combustion chamber/burner system in original turbine configuration. Shown are results for Mode 1 and Mode 2 instability.
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Normalized acoustic pressure mode shapes for modified geometry of burner air tube. Shown are Rijke modes (Mode 1 and Mode 2) of combined system.
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Stability diagram of thermoacoustic vibration for combustion chamber/burner system in modified turbine configuration. Shown are results for Mode 1 and Mode 2 stable modes.

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