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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Nonlinear Seismic Responses of Container Cranes Including the Contact Problem Between Wheels and Rails

[+] Author and Article Information
Nobuyuki Kobayashi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aoyama Gakuin University, 5-10-1, Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 229-8558, Japan

Hiroshi Kuribara

Honda R&D Co., Ltd.

Tomokazu Honda

Aoyama Gakuin University

Masahiro Watanabe

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aoyama Gakuin University, 5-10-1, Fuchinobe, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 229-8558, Japan

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 126(1), 59-65 (Feb 26, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1636786 History: Received November 08, 2002; Revised May 15, 2003; Online February 26, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Topics: Containers , Cranes , Rails , Wheels , Force
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References

Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1996, “The Machines and Industrial Equipments Damage due to the South Hyogo-Prefecture Earthquake,” JSME The Special Investigation Committee on Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake Damage, pp. 153–163 (in Japanese).
Pfeiffer, F., and Glocker, C., 1996, Multibody Dynamics with Unilateral Contact, John Wiley & Sons.
Tajima, H., Satoh, K., and Higashi, K., 1998, “Contact Problems in Multibody Dynamics (2nd Report),” Proc. of Dynamics and Design Conference ’98, JSME, No. 98-8 I , Vol. B, pp. 780–783, (in Japanese).
Babitsky, V. I., 1999, Dynamics of Vibro-Impact System, Springer, Berlin.
Khulief,  Y. A., and Shabana,  A. A., 1987, “A Continuous Force Model for the Impact Analysis of Flexible Multibody Systems,” Mech. Mach. Theory, 22(3), pp. 213–224.
Kanayama, T., Kashiwazaki, A., Shimizu, N., Nakamura, I., and Kobayashi, N., 1998, “Large Shaking Table Test of a Container Crane by Strong Ground Excitation,” Proc. of Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, PVP-Vol.364 , ASME, pp. 243–249.
Kuribara, H., and Kobayashi, N., 1999, “Seismic Response of Large Flexible Structure Including Contact Problem,” Proc. of Design Engineering Technology Conference, ASME, CD-ROM, DETC99/VIB-8234.
Goldstein, H., 1980, Classical Mechanics, Addison-Wesley.
Haug, E. J., 1989, Computer Aided Kinematics and Dynamics of Mechanical System, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.
Shabana, A. A., 2001, Computational Dynamics, second edition, John Wiley & Sons.

Figures

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Container crane with 30 m rail span
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Buckling damage of leg part
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Derailment of container crane
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Simulation model forf container crane
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Wheel and rail contact model
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Examples of contact configuration (the case that the right side flange is located on the rail)
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Contact model by nonlinear spring and damper
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Two typical contact situations: (a) Case that contact force directions coincide with the global coordinate system; and (b) Case that contact force directions coincide with the wheel coordinate system.
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Output characteristics of nonlinear spring and damper: (a) Nonlinear spring kg; and (b) Nonlinear damper ctgi.
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1/8th scale experimental model
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Specifications of wheel and rail contact model
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Response for Hachinohe NS input: (a) x-directional acceleration of top of container crane; (b) z-directional acceleration of top of container crane; and (c) Input earthquake acceleration.
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Response for Kobe Port Island NS input: (a) y-directional displacement of sea-side wheel; (b) x-directional displacement of sea-side wheel; (c) y-directional displacement of land-side wheel; (d) x-directional displacement of land-side wheel; and (e) Input earthquake acceleration.
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Three-dimensional response of 1/8th scale model for Kobe Port Island input: (a) Displacement of rear wheel at sea-side; (b) Displacement of rear wheel at land-side; (c) Displacement of front wheel at sea-side; (d) Displacement of front wheel at land-side; (e) Acceleration of top of container crane; and (f ) Input earthquake acceleration wave.
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Three-dimensional response of actual container crane for Kobe Port Island input: (a) Displacement of rear wheel at sea-side; (b) Displacement of rear wheel at land-side; (c) Displacement of front wheel at sea-side; (d) Displacement of front wheel at land-side; (e) Acceleration of top of container crane; and (f ) Input earthquake acceleration wave.

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