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TECHNICAL PAPERS

The Use of “Fitness for Service” Assessment Procedures to Establish Allowable Flaw Sizes in Steel Cylinders

[+] Author and Article Information
Mahendra D. Rana

Praxair, Inc., 175 E. Park Drive, Tonawanda, NY, 14151e-mail: Mahendra_Rana@Praxair.com

John H. Smith

Potomac, MD 20854

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 126(2), 202-207 (May 05, 2004) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1687798 History: Received August 05, 2003; Revised September 18, 2003; Online May 05, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, 1999, Title 49-Transportation, Part 178, “Specifications for Packaging Subpart C—Specifications for Cylinders,” Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
API 579, 2000, “Recommended Practice for Fitness-for-Service,” 1st ed., American Petroleum Institute, Washington D.C.
ISO/TR 12391-2, 2002, “Gas Cylinders—Refillable Seamless Steel—Performance Tests—Part 2: Fracture performance Test-Monotonic Burst Tests,” The International Standards Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
Smith, J. H., Rana, M. D., and Hall, C., 2001, “The Use of “Fitness For Service” Assessment Procedures to Establish Critical Flaw Sizes in High Pressure Gas Cylinders,” Pressure Vessel Design and Analysis, PVP-Vol. 430, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, N.Y.
Barson, J. H., and Rolfe, S. T., 1999, “Fracture and Fatigue Control in Structures, Application of Fracture Mechanics,” Third ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA, pp. 194.
CW3 (CRACKWISE 3), Software program, TWI Ltd, Cambridge, UK
BS7910, 1999, “Guide on Methods for Assessing the Acceptability of Flaws in Fusion Welded Structures,” BSI, London, UK.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Longitudinal notch geometry used in the tested cylinders
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of calculated and measured flaw sizes for failure pressure equal to service pressure
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of calculated and measured flaw sizes for failure pressure equal to test pressure
Grahic Jump Location
LTA analysis of 300 bar, 230 mm OD, 6.6 mm wall cylinder
Grahic Jump Location
LTA analysis of 300 bar, 230 mm OD, 6.6 mm wall cylinder

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