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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Appropriate Correlations for Assessing Expanded Tube-to-Tubesheet Joint Strength

[+] Author and Article Information
Stanley Yokell

MGT Inc., Boulder, Colorado

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 126(3), 376-381 (Aug 18, 2004) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1767176 History: Received May 15, 2003; Revised June 17, 2003; Online August 18, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Goodier,  J. N., and Schoessow,  G. J., 1943, “The Holding Power and Hydraulic Tightness of Expanded Tube Joints: Analysis of the Stress and Deformation,” Trans. ASME.
Yokell,  S., 1992, “Expanded, and Welded-and-Expanded Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 114, pp. 157–165.
Jawad, M. H., Clarkin, E. J., and Schuessler, R. E., 1988, “Evaluation of Tube-to-Tubesheet Junctions,” PVP. Vol. 195, presented at the 1988 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference and Exhibition, ASME, New York.
Uragami, K., Sugino, M., Urushibata, S., Kodama, T., and Fujiwara, Y., 1982, “Experimental Residual Stress Analysis of Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints During Expansion,” ASME Paper 82-PVP-61.
Kasraie, B., Porowski, J. S., O’Donnell, W. J., and Selz, A. “Elastic-Plastic Analysis of Tube Expansion in Tubesheets.”
Fisher,  F. F., and Brown,  G. H., 1954, “Tube Expanding and Related Subjects,” Trans. ASME.
Updike, D. P., Kalnins, A., and Caldwell, S. M., 1989, “Residual Stress in Transition Zones of Heat Exchanger Tubes,” PVP-Vol. 175, presented at the 1989 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping ASME, New York.
Yokell,  S., 1982, “Heat Exchanger Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints,” Mech. Eng. (Am. Soc. Mech. Eng.), Hp. 94.
Pollard, G. V., 1936, “Tight Joints for Condenser Tubes,” American Machinist, 80 , pp. 955–956.
Grimison,  E. D., and Lee,  H., 1943, “Experimental Investigation of Tube Expanding,” Trans. ASME, pp. 497–505.
Yokell,  S., and Wasson,  R., 1999, “Seal Boiler Tube Leaks With New Hybrid Expansion Tools,” Power, 143(4), pp. 71–73.
Standards of the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association, 1999, 8th ed., The Tubular Manufacturers Association, Tarrytown, New York, p. 71.
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, 2001, Section IIB Non-ferrous Material Specifications, ASME, New York.
Gaffoglio, C. J., and Thiel, E. W., Jr., “Tube to Tubesheet Joint Strengths,” Paper No. 81-JPGC-Pwr-7, presented at the Joint ASME/AIEE Power Generation Conference, ASME, New York.
Yoshitomi, Y., Tamura, Z., Kanohara, H., Omura, K., Muratami, Y., Takata, T., and Nuwa, T., 1979, U.S. Patent No. 4,142,581, issued March 6, 1979.
Thum, A., and Jantscha, R., 1930, “Einwalsen und Einpressen von Kessel und Überhitzerrohrea bei Verwandung Verschidener Werkstoffe,” Archiv fǖr Warmewirtschaft und Damufkesselwesen, 11 , pp. 207–401.
Hahn, B., 2004, personal communication, Atlantic Group, Norfolk, VA.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Sum of + and − tolerances/ID increases to be measured versus percent apparent wall reduction
Grahic Jump Location
Tube outside strain amplitude versus frequency (adapted from U.S. Patent No. 4,142,581, Issued March 6, 1979 to Yuji Yoshitomi and others)
Grahic Jump Location
Metal structure of tube rolled and expanded by applying uniform pressure (adapted from reference 16)
Grahic Jump Location
Grooves used for enhancing tube joint strength (adapted by from A Working Guide to Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers by Stanley Yokell, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990 by permission of the author)

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