0
RESEARCH PAPER

Influence of Crack Orientation and Crosshead Speed on the Fracture Toughness of PVC Pipe Materials

[+] Author and Article Information
Tarek M. El-Bagory

Mechanical Design Department, Faculty of Engineering Mataria, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

Mohamed S. El-Fadaly

Production and Mechanical Design Department, Faculty of Engineering, Suez Canal University, Port Said, Egypt

Maher Y. A. Younan

Mechanical Engineering Department, The American University in Cairo, Egypt

Lotfi A. Abdel-Latif

Mechanical Design Department, Faculty of Engineering Mataria, Helwan University Cairo, Egypt

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 126(4), 489-496 (Dec 01, 2004) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1811110 History: Received May 13, 2004; Revised June 15, 2004; Online December 01, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Ragab,  A. R., and El-Zoghby,  A., 1985, “Evaluation of the Mechanical Behavior of Plain and Spirally Stiffened Polyvinyl Chloride Pipes,” J. Test. Eval., 13(2), pp. 137–142.
Mandell,  J. F., Roberts,  D. R., and McGarry,  F. J., 1983, “Plane Strain Fracture Toughness of Polyethylene Pipe Materials,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 23(7), pp. 401–411.
Darwish, A. Y., Mandell, J. F., and Mc-Garry, F. J., 1981, “Fracture Analysis of PVC Pipe Materials,” MIT TAP Report R81-7.
El-Zoghby, A. A., 1982, “Fracture Toughness Evaluation of PVC Pipes,” Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Takaki,  A., Hasegawa,  T., Isogawa,  M., and Narisawa,  I., 1994, “Fracture Behavior of Poly (Vinyl Chloride)/Methyl Methacrylate/Butadiene/Styrene Polymer Blends,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 34(8), pp. 680–690.
Darwish, A. Y., Mandell, J. F., and Mc-Garry, F. J., 1981, “Applicability of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics to Rigid PVC Pipe Materials,” MIT TAP Report R81-1.
Chiesa,  M., Nyhus,  B., Skallerud,  B., and Thaulow,  C., 2001, “Efficient Fracture Assessment of Pipelines. A Constraint-Corrected SENT Specimen Approach,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 68, pp. 527–547.
Williams, J. G. 1984, Fracture Mechanics of Polymers, Ellis Horwood Limited, Chichester, England.
Jingshen,  W. U., and Yin,  W. M., 1996, “The Essential Fracture Work Concept for Toughness Measurement of Ductile Polymer,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 36(18), pp. 2275–2288.
ASTM Standard D638M-93, 1993, “Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics (Metric),” Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part 08.01, Plastics-General Test Method, pp. 59–67.
ASTM Standard E616-82, 1982, “Standard Terminology Relating to Fracture Testing,” Annual Book of ASTM Standards Part 10, Metals-Mechanical Testing, pp. 699–712.
ASTM Standard D5045-96, 1996, “Standard Test Methods for Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness and Strain Energy Release Rate of Plastic Materials,” Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part 8.03.
Murakami, Y., 1987, Stress Intensity Factors Handbook, Vol. 2, Committee of Fracture Mechanics, The Society of Materials Science, Japan.
Srawley,  J. E., and Gross,  B., 1967, “Stress Intensity Factors for Crackline-Loaded Edge-Crack Specimens,” Mater. Res. Stand., 17, pp. 155–162.
Che,  M., Grellmann,  W., and Seidler,  S., 1997, “Crack Resistance Behavior of Polyvinyl Chloride,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 64(6), pp. 1079–1090.
Hashemi,  S., and Williams,  J. G., 1984, “Size and Loading Mode Effects in Fracture Toughness Testing of Polymers,” J. Mater. Sci., 19, pp. 3746–3759.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Orientation code for flattened sheet
Grahic Jump Location
A typical stress-strain test record for PVC
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Configurations of compact tension (CT) specimen; (b) configurations of taper double cantilever beam (TDCB) specimen; and (c) configurations of three point bend (TPB) specimen
Grahic Jump Location
Stress—strain curve for (L-C) orientation
Grahic Jump Location
Stress—strain curve for (C-L) orientation
Grahic Jump Location
Yield strength as a function in crosshead speed for orientations (L-C), and (C-L)
Grahic Jump Location
Load—crack opening displacement for (CT) specimen thick 17 mm, (L-C) orientation at variable crosshead speed
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture toughness versus crosshead speed for (CT) specimen thick 17, 20, 22, and 26 mm, (L-C) orientation
Grahic Jump Location
Load—crack opening displacement for (CT) specimen thick 17 mm, (C-L) orientation at variable crosshead speed
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture toughness versus crosshead speed for (CT) specimen thick 17, 20, 22, and 26 mm, (C-L) orientation
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture toughness versus crosshead speed for (TDCB) specimen thick 17, 20, 22, and 26 mm, (L-C) orientation
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture toughness versus crosshead speed for (TDCB) specimen thick 17, 20, 22, and 26 mm, (C-L) orientation
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture toughness versus crosshead speed for (TPB) specimen thick 17, 20, 22, and 26 mm (L-C) orientation
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture toughness versus crosshead speed for (TPB) specimen thick 17, 20, 22, and 26 mm, (C-L) orientation
Grahic Jump Location
Fracture toughness as a function of thickness at different configurations and different orientations

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In