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Article

Experimental Investigation Into the Fracture Toughness of Polyethylene Pipe Material

[+] Author and Article Information
Ihab Mamdouh Graice, Soheir Ahmed Radwan Naga

Mechanical Design Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mataria, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt

Maher Y. A. Younan

Mechanical Engineering Department, American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 127(1), 70-75 (Mar 15, 2005) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1845478 History: Received June 24, 2004; Revised July 14, 2004; Online March 15, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

Haung, D. D., 1991, “The Application of the Multispecimen J-Integral Technique to Toughened Polymers,” Elastic-Plastic Fracture Test Methods: The Users Experience (2nd volume), ASTM STP114, J. A. Toyce, ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, pp. 290–305.
Chung, W. N., and Williams, J. G., 1991, “Determination of JIC for Polymers Using the Single Specimen Method,” Elastic-Plastic Fracture Test Methods: The Useres Experience (2nd volume), ASTM STP114, J. A. Toyce, ed., American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, pp. 320–339.
Che,  M., Grellmann,  W., and Seidler,  S., 1997, “Crack Resistance Behavior of Polyvinylchloride,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 64, pp. 1079–1090.
Hashemi,  S., and Williams,  J. G., 1986, “A Fracture Toughness Study on Low Density and Linear Low Density Polyethylenes,” Polymer, 27, pp. 384–392.
Chan,  M. K. V., and Williams,  J. G., 1983, “J-Integral Studies of Crack Initiation of a Tough High Density Polyethylenes,” Int. J. Fract., 19, pp. 145–159.
Hashemi,  S., and Williams,  J. G., 1986, “Fracture Characterization of Tough Polymers Using the J Method,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 26(11), pp. 760–767.
Hashemi,  S., and Williams,  J. G., 1986, “The Effects of Specimen Configuration and Notch Tip Radius on Fracture Toughness of Polymers Using JC,” Plast. Rubber Process. Applic., 6(4), pp. 363–375.
Haung,  D. D., and Williams,  J. G., 1987, “J Testing of Toughened Nylons,” J. Mater. Sci., 22, pp. 2503–2508.
Darwish,  A. Y., Mandell,  J. F., and McGarry,  F. J., 1982, “Plane Strain Fracture Toughness of Polyethylene Pipe Materials,” MIT Research Report R82-2.
Chan,  M. K. V., and Williams,  J. G., 1981, “Plane Strain Fracture Toughness Testing of High Density Polyethylene,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 21(15), pp. 1019–1026.
Mandell,  J. F., Roberts,  D. R., and McGarry,  F. J., 1983, “Plane Strain Fracture Toughness of Polyethylene Pipe Materials,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 23(7), pp. 401–411.
Flaieler, P., Roberts, D. R., Mandell, J. F., and McGarry, F. J., 1981, “Fracture Toughness Testing of HDPE Plastic Pipe,” Physical Testing of Plastics, ASTM STP150, pp. 15–31.
Darwish,  A. Y., Mandell,  J. F., and McGarry,  F. J., 1981, “Applicability of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics to Rigid PVC Pipe Materials,” MIT Research Report R81-1.
ASTM Standards, 1996, “Standard Test Method for Determining J-R Curves of Plastic Materials,” ASTM-D6068.
ASTM Standards, 1989, “Standard Test Method for JIC, a Measure of Fracture Toughness,” ASTM-E813.
ASTM Standards, 1993, “Standard Test Method for Crack Tip Opening Displacement (CTOD) Fracture Toughness Measurement,” ASTM-E1290.
ASTM Standards, 1983, “Plane Strain Fracture Toughness of Metallic Materials,” ASTM-E399.
British Standards, 1998, “Methods of Testing Plastics,” BS 2782.
ASTM Standards, 1994, “Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics,” ASTM D638-94b.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of mechanical properties between PE80 and PE100
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J-R curve for PE100; CT specimens, B=30 mm
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Effect of specimen thickness on values of JIC for PE80 and PE100
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Effect of specimen thickness on CTOD values for PE80 and PE100
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KQ values for PE80 and PE100
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Tensile test specimens configurations
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Tensile test specimens used for fracture toughness calculations
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Fracture toughness specimens configurations
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Unnotched specimens configurations

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