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RESEARCH PAPERS

Bottom End-Closure Design Optimization of DOT-39 Non-Refillable Refrigerant Cylinders

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. Kisioglu

Department of Mechanical Education, Kocaeli University, Izmit, Kocaeli, 41100, Turkey

J. R. Brevick

Industrial and Systems Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

G. L. Kinzel

Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 127(2), 112-118 (May 27, 2005) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1858919 History: Received August 18, 2003; Revised September 23, 2004; Online May 27, 2005
Copyright © 2005 by ASME
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References

49 CFR (Code of Federal Regulation), Part 178 Subpart C, Office of Federal Registrar, National Archives and Records Administration, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. October, 2000.
Kisioglu, Y., 2000, “A New Design Approach and FEA Modeling for Imperfect End-Closures of DOT Specification Cylinders,” Ph.D. Dissertation, The Ohio State University.
Kisioglu,  Y., Brevick,  J. R., and Kinzel,  G. L., 2001, “Determination of Burst Pressure and Location of the DOT-39 Refrigerant Cylinders,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 123, pp. 240–247.
Kirk,  A., and Gill,  S. S., 1975, “The Failure if Torispherical Ends of Pressure Vessels Due to Instability and Plastic Deformation-an Experimental Investigation,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 17, pp. 525–544.
Galletly,  G. D., and Blachut,  J., 1985, “Torispherical Shells Under Internal Pressure-Failure Due to Asymmetric Plastic Buckling or Axisymmetric Yield-ing,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part C: Mech. Eng. Sci., 199(C3), pp. 225–238.
Brown,  K. W., and Kraus,  H., 1976, “Stability of Internally Pressurized Vessels With Ellipsoidal Heads,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., pp. 156–161.
Tafreshi,  A., 1997, “Numerical Analysis of Thin Torispherical End Closures,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 71, Issue: 1, pp. 77–88.
Soric,  J., and Zahlten,  W., 1995, “Elastic–Plastic Analysis of Internally Pressurized Torispherical Shells,” Thin-Walled Struct., 22, pp. 217–239.
Bushnell,  D., and Galletly,  G. D., 1977, “Stress and Buckling of Internally Pressurized, Elastic-Plastic Pressure Torispherical Vessels Heads-Comparisons of Test and Theory,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., pp. 39–54.
Galletly,  G. D., 1986, “Design Equations for Preventing Buckling in Fabricated Torispherical Shells Subjected to Internal Pressure,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part C: Mech. Eng. Sci., 200, No. A2, pp. 127–139.
ANSYS User Manual, Swanson Analysis System, V. 6.3, 2000.
Weber, D. C., and Skillings, J. H., 2000, A First Course in the Design of Experiments: A Linear Models Approach, CRC Press LLC, New York.

Figures

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The DOT-39 non-refillable cylinders (NRV or NRC) and its components
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The bottom-end-closure geometry of the current NRV cylinder
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Experimental ballooning test 2
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Drawn shell regions where the material properties were measured
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True stress-strain curves of drawn cylindrical shell regions
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Thickness variation of the drawn cylindrical shell 3
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The 3D geometrical model
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Residual deflections of the end-closure after releasing the pressure
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The nodal displacement behavior of the crown (N32) and dimple (N798)
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Prediction of ballooning deflection at the end-closure
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Design variables of the end-closures 2

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