American Society for Testing and Materials, 1998, "*E 1921-97 Standard Test Method for Determination of Reference Temperature, To, , for Ferritic Steels in the Transition Range*", ASTM, West Conshohocken.

Merkle, J. G., Wallin, K., and McCabe, D. E., 1998, *Technical Basis for an ASTM Standard on Determining the Reference Temperature*, To, *for Ferritic Steels in the Transition Range (NUREG/CR-5504, ORNL/TM-13631)*, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington.

Electric Power Research Institute, 1998, *Application of Master Curve Fracture Toughness Methodology for Ferritic Steels*, EPRI Report TR-108390, Palo Alto.

Wallin, K., Saario, T., and Törrönen, K., 1984, “Statistical Model for Carbide Induced Brittle Fracture in Steel,” Met. Sci., 18 , pp. 13–16.

Nevalainen, M., and Dodds, R. H., 1995, “Numerical Investigation of 3D Constraint Effects on Brittle Fracture in SE(B) and C(T) Specimens,” Int. J. Fract., 74 , pp. 131–161.

Rathbun, H. J., Odette, G. R., He, M. Y., Lucas, G. E., and Yamamoto, T., 2006, “Size Scaling of Cleavage Toughness in the Transition: A Single Variable Experiment and Model Based Analysis (NUREG/CR-6790),” U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington.

Rathbun, H. J., Odette, G. R., He, M. Y., and Yamamoto, T., 2006, “Influence of Statistical and Constraint Loss Size Effects on Cleavage Fracture Toughness in the Transmission-A Model Based Analaysis,” Eng. Fract. Mech. (to be published).

Anderson, T. L., 1995, "*Fracture Mechanics Fundamentals and Applications*", CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Petti, J., and Dodds, R. H., 2004, “Constraint comparisons for common fracture specimens: C(T)s and SE(B)s” Eng. Fract. Mech., 71 (18), pp. 2677–2683.

Rathbun, H. J., Odette, G. R., and He, M. Y., 2000, “Size Scaling of Toughness in the Transition: A Single Variable Experiment and Data Base Assessment,” "*Proceedings of the ASME PVP 2000*", ASME, New York, 412 , pp. 113–124.

Rathbun, H. J., Odette, G. R., and He, M. Y., 2001, “On the Size Scaling of Cleavage Toughness in the Transition: A Single Variable Experiment and Model Based Analysis,” "*Proceedings of the International Congress on Fracture 10*", CD-ROM format.

Rathbun, H. J., Odette, G. R., Yamamoto, T., and Lucas, G. E., 2006, “Influence of Statistical and Constraint Loss Size Effects on Cleavage Fracture Toughness in the Transition-A Single Variable Experiment and Database,” Eng. Fract. Mech.73 (1), pp. 134–157.

Hibbit, Karlsson and Sorenssen, Inc., 1998, ABAQUS Users Manual 5.8.

Odette, G. R., and He, M. Y., 2000, “A Cleavage Toughness Master Curve Model,” J. Nucl. Mater., 283 , pp. 120–127.

Gao, X., Ruggieri, C., and Dodds, R. H., 1998, “Calibration of Weibull Stress Parameters Using Fracture Toughness Data,” Int. J. Fract.

[CrossRef], 92 , pp. 175–200.

Joyce, J. A., and Tregoning, R. L., 2001, “Effects of Material Inhomogeneity on the To Reference Temperature in Thick Section A533B Plate,” "*Proceedings of the ASME PVP 2001*", ASME, New York, 423 , pp. 157–165.

Joyce, J. A., and Tregoning, R. L, 2001, “Development of the To Reference Temperature From Precracked Charpy Specimens,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 68 (7), pp. 861–894.

Tregoning, R. L., and Joyce, J. A., 2000, “To Evaluation in Common Specimen Geometries,” "*Proceedings of the ASME PVP 2000*", ASME, New York, 412 , pp. 143–152.

Tregoning, R. L., and Joyce, J. A., 2002, “Application of a T-Stress Based Constraint Correction to A533B Steel Fracture Toughness Data,” ASTM Special Technical Publication n. 1417, pp. 307–327.

Joyce, J. A., and Tregoning, R. L., 2005, “Determination of Constraint Limits for Cleavage Initiated Toughness Data,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 72 (10), pp. 1559–1579.

Odette, G. R., Yamamoto, T., Kishimoto, H., Sokolov, M, Spätig, P., Yang, W. J., Rensman, J.-W., and Lucas, G. E., 2004, “A Master Curve Analysis of F82H Using Statistical and Constraint Loss Size Adjustments of Small Specimen Data,” J. Nucl. Mater., 329-333 (2), pp. 1243–1247.