0
Research Papers: Design and Analysis

Effect of Separating Load Eccentricity on the Clamp Load Loss in a Bolted Joint Using a Strain Hardening Model

[+] Author and Article Information
Sayed A. Nassar, Mohan Ganganala

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Fastening and Joining Research Institute, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48309

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 133(2), 021206 (Feb 23, 2011) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4003502 History: Received May 17, 2009; Revised January 18, 2010; Published February 23, 2011; Online February 23, 2011

A nonlinear model is proposed for studying the effect of the eccentricity of applied tensile forces on the clamp load loss in bolted joints that were initially tightened beyond the bolt elastic limit while the joint remained in the elastic range. A closed form solution is obtained for the amount of clamp load loss due to a cyclic separating force. The proposed model takes into account two sources of nonlinearity, namely, the strain hardening behavior of the yielded bolt material as well as the nonlinear deformation behavior of the clamped plates under an external separating load. After the initial tightening of the fastener past its elastic limit, the subsequent application of a tensile separating force on the joint tends to increase the fastener tension in a nonlinear fashion, and, simultaneously, reduce the clamping force in the bolted joint from its initial value. Upon the removal of the cyclic tensile load, the bolted joint system reaches a new equilibrium point between the residual fastener tension and the joint clamping force. At the new equilibrium point, the fastener tension is reduced from its preload due to its plastic elongation; simultaneously, a partial yet permanent loss in the clamp load level takes place. Excessive clamp load loss may lead to joint leakage, fastener loosening, or fatigue failure. For a known amplitude of the external cyclic tensile load, the increase in bolt tension and corresponding reduction in the joint clamp load are highly sensitive to the eccentricity of the tensile load (from the bolt center). Variables studied include the eccentricity value of the separating load, rate of strain hardening of the bolt material, compressive and tensile stiffness of the clamped plates, bolt stiffness, bolt preload, and magnitude of the separating tensile load.

Copyright © 2011 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 1

Bolted joint model

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 2

Fluctuations in Fb and Fc corresponding to fluctuations in Fe(6)

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 3

Nonlinear joint diagram (only fastener yielded) (11)

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 4

Clamped plate bending model

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 5

Tensile stiffness versus eccentricity 2b

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 6

Load factor α versus eccentricity 2b

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 7

Load deflection data for austenitic stainless steel fastener

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 8

Effect of the separating force on clamp load loss for different values of Kc′

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 11

True stress-true strain curves for the materials simulated to show different amounts of strain hardening rates

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 12

Effect of strain hardening on clamp load loss predicted by the different proposed methods

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 13

Effect of preload level on clamp load loss for the material with different amounts of strain hardening rates

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 14

Clamp load and bolt tension variation with Fe (Fi=26 kN and 2b=14 mm)

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 15

Clamp load and bolt tension variation with Fe (Fi=15 kN and 2b=20 mm)

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 16

Clamp load and bolt tension variation with Fe (Fi=20 kN and 2b=26 mm)

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 17

Effect of eccentricity 2b on clamp load loss for various levels of preload

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 9

Effect of the separating force on clamp load loss for different load factors α

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 10

Effect of stiffness ratio Kc′/Kb on clamp load loss

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In