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Research Papers

Inclusion of Torsion Loads in Section XI Flaw Evaluation Procedures for Pipes Containing Circumferential Planar Surface Crack-Like Flaws on the Basis of Limit Load Analysis

[+] Author and Article Information
Bostjan Bezensek1

 Hunting Energy Services (UK) Ltd., Badentoy Park, Portlethen, Aberdeen AB124YB, UKbostjan.bezensek@hunting-intl.com

Yinsheng Li

 Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES), Toranomon 3-17-1, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0001, Japanli-yinsheng@jnes.go.jp

Kunio Hasegawa

 Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES), Toranomon 3-17-1, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0001, Japanhasegawa-kunio@jnes.go.jp

Phuong H. Hoang

 Sargent & Lundy LLC, 55e Monroe, Chicago, IL 60603Phuong.h.hoang@sargentlundy.com

1

Corresponding author.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 134(3), 031003 (May 18, 2012) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4005875 History: Received February 17, 2011; Revised November 18, 2011; Published May 17, 2012; Online May 18, 2012

Piping systems in power plant may experience combined bending-torsion loads in the presence of planar crack-like flaws. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI nonmandatory Appendix C provides flaw evaluation procedures for pipes with flaws. These are currently limited to straight pipes under pressure and bending loads and no provision is made for torsion loading. The working group on pipe flaw evaluation is developing guidance for including the torsion load within the existing solutions provided in the Appendix C for bending loading on a straight pipe under fully plastic fracture regime. This paper reports on the finite element limit load analyses performed on the straight pipe containing a circumferential planar crack-like flaw. Pipe diameters were ranging from 4 in. (100 mm) to 24 in. (600 mm) nominal diameter (OD) and R/t ranging from 6 to 40. For the purpose of nonmandatory Appendix C flaw evaluation, it is concluded that the torsion loads can be combined with bending loads using the root of the sum of the squares (RSS) method of Section III of the ASME Boiler Code, without any additional weighting on torsion.

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Copyright © 2012 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Geometry and definition of nomenclature

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Figure 2

Illustration of the finite element model

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Figure 3

Bending moment-rotation plots for a/t = 0.75 flaws at no internal pressure

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Figure 4

The RSS equivalent moment at plastic collapse for a/t = 0.75 flaws at no internal pressure

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Figure 5

The RSS equivalent moment at plastic collapse for a/t = 0.5 flaws at no internal pressure as a function of R/t ratio for a 12.75 in. OD pipe

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Figure 6

The RSS equivalent moment at plastic collapse for a/t = 0.75 flaws at no internal pressure as a function of R/t ratio for a 12.75 in. OD pipe

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Figure 7

The bending moment- rotation plots for a/t = 0.75 flaws at the internal pressure of 8 MPa

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Figure 8

Comparison of the RSS equivalent moments at plastic collapse for small and large diameter pipes with and without the internal pressure

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