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Research Papers: Design and Analysis

Integrity of Roller-Expanded Tube-to-Tubesheet Joints With Overenlarged Tubesheet Holes

[+] Author and Article Information
A. N. Shuaib

Mechanical Engineering Department,  King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabiaarshuaib@kfupm.edu.sa

N. Merah, M. Ahmed, Y. N. Al-Nassar

Mechanical Engineering Department,  King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia

S. S. Al-Anizi

Consulting Services Department,  Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Dhahran 31311, Saudi Arabia

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 130(1), 011203 (Jan 17, 2008) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2826429 History: Received June 10, 2006; Revised November 23, 2006; Published January 17, 2008

This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation conducted to evaluate the effect of initial tube-tubesheet diametral clearance on the integrity of roller-expanded tube-to-tubesheet joints in overenlarged tubesheet holes. The criteria of evaluating joint integrity include the pullout force and hydraulic tightness of the joints in which tubes were expanded to 5% wall reduction after metal to metal contact of the tube with the tubesheet hole. The levels of clearance investigated were selected to cover a range that exceeded by ten times that prescribed by the Tubular Exchangers Manufacturers Association (TEMA) standards (Standards for the Tubular Exchanger Manufacturers Association, 1988, 7th ed., TEMA, Tarrytown, NY). The pullout test results showed that, within the investigated range of clearance, the joint strength has not declined below the strength of joints with clearance levels within the TEMA range. In fact, the pullout force exhibited a slight linear increasing trend with the increase in initial clearance, which is attributed to the effect of tube strain hardening. The hydrotest results indicated that all joints within the investigated clearance levels were hydraulically tight when they were tested at 1.5 times the design pressure of the heat exchanger for a duration of 30min. A relationship between rolling specific energy and initial joint clearance has been developed.

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Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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References

Figures

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Figure 1

Tubesheet block showing tube holes ready for rolling before separation to three test cells

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Figure 2

Joint tester connected to the rolled joint and ready for the hydrotest

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Figure 3

Effect of initial tube-to-tubesheet clearance on force versus displacement curve during pulling tube out of the rolled test joint

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Figure 4

Rolled tube pullout force versus initial diametral clearance of the test joints

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Figure 5

Effect of initial diametral clearance on rolling time

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Figure 6

Effect of initial diametral clearance on (a) rolling energy and (b) specific energy

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