Research Papers: Design Innovation Papers

Design Limits for Buckling in the Creep Range

[+] Author and Article Information
Maan Jawad

Global Engineering and Technology, LLC,
5918 NE 304 Ave,
Camas, WA 98607
e-mail: maanjawad@aol.com

Donald Griffin

208 Oakcrest,
Pittsburgh, PA 15236
e-mail: bardon87@aol.com

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNALOF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received March 24, 2011; final manuscript received April 27, 2012; published online October 18, 2012. Assoc. Editor: William J. Koves.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 134(6), 065001 (Oct 18, 2012) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4007031 History: Received March 24, 2011; Revised April 27, 2012

A methodology is introduced for calculating the allowable buckling stress in equipment operating in the time-dependent (creep) range. Norton's equation coupled with various procedures such as the stationary stress method, classical creep buckling equations, and the isochronous stress–strain diagrams are utilized to obtain a practical design approach for equipment operating in the time-dependent range. Various components are investigated such as slender columns, cylindrical shells, spherical components, and conical transition sections.

Copyright © 2012 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Odqvist, F. K. G., 1966, Mathematical Theory of Creep and Creep Rupture, Oxford Press, Oxford.
Hult, J. A. H., 1966, Creep in Engineering Structures, Braisdell Publishing Company, Waltham, MA.
Jawad, M. H., and Jetter, R. I., 2009, Design and Analysis of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Components in the Creep Range, ASME Press, New York.
ASME, 2007, Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III, Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility Components, Class 1 Components in Elevated Temperature Service, Subsection NH, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York.
Hoff, N. J., 1978, “Rules and Methods of Stress and Stability Calculations in the Presence of Creep,” Trans. ASME J. Appl. Mech., 45, pp.669–675. [CrossRef]
Kraus, H., 1980, Creep Analysis, John Wiley Publishing, New York.
Flugge, W., 1967, Viscoelasticity, Braisdell Publishing Company, Waltham, MA.
Griffin, D. S., 1999, External Pressure: Effect of Initial Imperfections and Temperature Limits-Design Limits for Elevated-Temperature Buckling, Welding Research Council, Bulletin 443, New York.
American Institute of Steel Construction, 1991, Manual of Steel Construction-Allowable Stress Design, ASCE, New York.
Sturm, R. G., 1941, A Study of the Collapsing Pressure of Thin-Walled Cylinders, University of Illinois Engineering Experiment Station Bulletin 329, Urbana, IL.
Singer, J., Arbocz, J., and Weller, T., 2002, Buckling Experiments: Experimental Methods in Buckling of Thin-Walled Structures, Vol.2, John Wiley, New York.
Gerard, G., 1959, Handbook of Structural Stability Supplement to Part III—Buckling of Curved Plates and Shells, NASA TN D-163.
Shanley, F. R., 1952, Weight-Strength Analysis of Aircraft Structures, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Rabotnov, Y. N., 1969, Creep Problems in Structural Members, Elsevier, New York.
Hoff, N. J., Jahsman, W. E., and Nachbar, W., 1959, “A Study of Creep Collapse of a Long Circular Cylindrical Shell Under Uniform External Pressure,” J. Aerosp. Sci., 26, pp.663–669.
Hoff, N. J., 1966/1968, “Axially Symmetric Creep Buckling of Circular Cylindrical Shells in Axial Compression,” Trans. ASME J. Appl. Mech., 35, 530–538. [CrossRef]
Xirouchakis, P. C., 1978, “Creep Buckling of Spherical Shells,” Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massachusetts.
Gerard, G., 1962, “A Unified Theory of Creep Buckling of Columns, Plates and Shells,” Proceedings of the Third International Congress Council in Aeronautical Science, Stockholm, Spartan Books Inc., Washington, DC.
Gerard, G., 1962, “Theory of Creep Buckling of Perfect Plates and Shells,” J. Aerosp. Sci., 29, pp.1087–109.
Shanley, F. R., 1960, Weight-Strength Analysis of Structures, 2nd ed., Dover Publications, New York.
Griffin, D. S., 1974, “Inelastic and Creep Buckling of Circular Cylinders Due to Axial Compression, Bending, and Twisting,” ASME Paper 74-PVP-46.
Gerard, G., and Papirno, R., 1962, “Classical Columns and Creep,” J. Aerosp. Sci., 29, pp.680–688.
Howl, D. A., and Moore, B., 1969, “Prediction of Creep Collapse Pressures and Times for Nuclear Fuel Cladding,” Nucl. Energy, 9, pp.103–108.
Timoshenko, S. P., and Gere, J. M., 1961, Theory of Elastic Stability, 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Ohya, H., 1977, “An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Creep Buckling,” Transactions of the 4th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology, Vol.L, San Francisco.
Livingston, J. M., 1987, “Creep Buckling Design Limits for Hollow Circular Cylinders Under Axial Compression and External Pressure,” MS thesis, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.
Samuelson, L. A., 1968, “Experimental Investigation of Creep Buckling of Circular Cylindrical Shells Under Axial Compression and Bending,” ASME Trans. J. Eng. Ind., 90, pp.589–595. [CrossRef]
Kaupa, H., 1971, “Experimental Investigations of Creep Buckling of Thin Walled High Temperature Tubes,” EURFNR-910, USAEC-EURATOM.
Jawad, M. H., and Farr, J. R., 1989, Structural Analysis and Design of Process Equipment, John Wiley, New York.
von Karman, T., and Tsien, H., 1960, The Buckling of Spherical Shells by External Pressure, Pressure vessel and piping design-collected papers 1927-1959, ASME, New York.
Jawad, M. H., 1980, “Design of Conical Shells Under External Pressure,” Trans. ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 102, pp.230–238. [CrossRef]
Jawad, M., and Griffin, D., 2009, External Pressure Design in Creep Range, ASME, STP-PT-029.
Nadarajah, R., 2011, Exxon Corporation, Committee correspondence.
Krishnamurthy, S., 2011, UOP Corporation, Committee correspondence.
Carter, P., 2011, Stress Engineering Services, Committee correspondence.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Tensile data in the creep range (Jawad and Jetter, 2009)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Isochronous stress–strain curves for 2.25Cr-1Mo steel at 1000 °F (ASME III-NH)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Deflection in the creep range

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

External pressure chart for carbon and low alloy steels with yield stress of 30 ksi and higher (ASME II-D)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

External pressure chart for 2 ¼ Cr-1Mo steel at 1000 °F

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Collapse coefficients of cylindrical shells with pressure on sides and ends, edges simply supported, and μ = 0.3 (Jawad and Jetter, 2009)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Geometric chart for cylindrical shells under external or compressive loadings (ASME)



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In