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Research Papers: Design and Analysis

Framework for a Combined Netting Analysis and Tsai-Wu-Based Design Approach for Braided and Filament-Wound Composites

[+] Author and Article Information
Pierre Mertiny

e-mail: pmertiny@ualberta.ca
University of Alberta,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
4-9 Mechanical Engineering Building,
Edmonton, AB, T6G 2G8, Canada

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Manuscript received September 11, 2012; final manuscript received December 6, 2012; published online May 21, 2013. Past Editor: G. E. Otto Widera.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 135(3), 031204 (May 21, 2013) (7 pages) Paper No: PVT-12-1145; doi: 10.1115/1.4023431 History: Received September 11, 2012; Revised December 06, 2012

Axially symmetric fiber-reinforced polymer composite structures, such as pressure vessels and piping, are being widely used in different industrial applications where combined loading conditions may be applied. It is imperative to determine a suitable fiber angle, or a distribution of fiber angles, along the longitudinal direction of the structure in order to achieve best performance in terms of mechanical behavior and strength for structures subjected to combined loadings. To this end, an approach combining netting analysis and Tsai-Wu failure theory was employed as a design tool to assess critical fiber angles at which applied loadings would cause a structure to fail. Together, the proposed netting analysis and failure theory-based approach constitute a simple, expedient, and convenient design process for complex-shaped structures.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

General mandrel shape

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Fig. 10

Variation of αcritical with axial stress a in glass/epoxy for pure axial loading (k = 0)

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Fig. 11

Comparison of αcritical from present analysis with results by Srikanth and Rao [12] for pure axial loading (k = 0)

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Fig. 2

Variation of failure index f with fiber angle α in glass/epoxy for a constant stress ratio k and different axial stresses (MPa), with failure line at f = 1

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Fig. 3

Variation of failure index f with fiber angle α in carbon/epoxy for a constant stress ratio k and different axial stresses, with failure line at f = 1

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Fig. 8

Variation of αcritical with stress ratio k in (a) glass/epoxy and (b) carbon/epoxy for constant axial stresses of a = 10, 20, and 30 MPa

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Fig. 9

Variation of αcritical with axial stress a in glass/epoxy for constant hoop-to-axial stress ratios k = 1.96, 4, and 10

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Fig. 4

Variation of failure index f with fiber angle α in glass/epoxy for a constant axial stress a and different stress ratios k, with failure line at f = 1

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Fig. 5

Variation of failure index f with fiber angle α in carbon/epoxy for a constant axial stress a and different stress ratios k, with failure line at f = 1

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Fig. 6

Variation of critical fiber angle αcritical with axial stress a in glass/epoxy and carbon/epoxy for a constant stress ratio k = 1.96

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Fig. 7

Variation of critical fiber angle αcritical with hoop-to-axial stress ratio k in glass/epoxy and carbon/epoxy for an axial stress a = 20 MPa

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