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Research Papers

Buckling of Cylindrical, Thin Wall, Trailer Truck Tanks and ASME Section XII

[+] Author and Article Information
Guido G. Karcher

Consulting Engineer
38 North Boom Way,
Little Egg Harbor,
NJ 08087-2312
e-mail: karcherg@asme.org

P. E. Monte Ward

Consulting Engineer
RR# 1, Box 91, Hollister Ranch,
Gaviota, CA 93117
e-mail: mrwrtl@gmail.com

Gary P. Spoelstra

Chief Engineer
West-Mark Transport Tanks,
581 Industry Way,
Atwater, CA 95301
e-mail: gspoelstra@west-mark.com

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Manuscript received February 25, 2011; final manuscript received April 5, 2012; published online June 11, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Douglas Scarth.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 135(4), 041001 (Jun 11, 2013) (7 pages) Paper No: PVT-11-1062; doi: 10.1115/1.4024092 History: Received February 25, 2011; Revised April 05, 2012

New hazmat (hazardous material) and nonhazmat transport tanks will be constructed to the rules of the ASME Code Section XII (ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016-5990). The criteria and basis to design these tanks have been questioned and a full scale buckling test has been performed to evaluate maximum allowable over-the-road loadings and required design details. This paper summarizes the results of this testing and provides comparisons with classical Code buckling criteria, Code Case 2286-2 (ASME Code Case 2286-2, Cases of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Case 2286-2, “Alternative Rules for Determining Allowable Compressive Stresses for Cylinders, Cones, Spheres, and Formed Heads”) and other methods for such evaluations. The objective is to provide the ASME Section XII committee with a basis for establishing buckling design criteria and shell stiffening details for both hazmat and nonhazmat transport tanks.

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References

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Div. 1 & Section XII, 2007 Edition, 2008 Addenda, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 3 Park Avenue, New York, NY10016–5990.
ASME Code Case 2286-2, Cases of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Case 2286-2, “Alternative Rules for Determining Allowable Compressive Stresses for Cylinders, Cones, Spheres, and Formed Heads.”
Bushnell, D., 1982, “Elastic-Plastic Buckling of Axially Compressed Ring Stiffened Cylinders-Test vs Theory,” WRC Bulletin 282, Welding Research Council, New York, NY, November.
Miller, C. D., and Mokhtarian, K., 1995, “Proposed Rules for Determining Allowable Compressive Stresses for Cylindrical, Cones, Spheres and Heads,” WRC Bulletin 406, Welding Research Council, New York, NY, November.
Miller, C. D., 2001, “Commentary on the Alternative Rules for Determining Allowable Compressive Stresses for Cylinders, Cones, Spheres and Formed Heads for Section VIII, Division 1 and 2,” WRC Bulletin 462, Welding Research Council, New York, NY, June.
Miller, C. D., 2009, “Buckling of Cylinders under Axial Compression or Bending,” Committee Correspondence, April 24, 2007. Mutually Agreed to Editorial Revisions and Equation Corrections by G. G. Karcher, and M. Ward, April 10, 2009.
Baker, E. H., Rish, F. L., and Kovalevsky, L., 1972, Structural Analysis of Shells, McGraw-Hill, NY, pp. 191–192.
Karcher, G. G., and Ward, M., 2009, “Buckling of Cylindrical Thin Wall, Trailer Truck Tanks and ASME Section XII,” ASME STO-PT-032, September.

Figures

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Fig. 1

Overall view of empty test tank prior to testing

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Fig. 2

Test tank analytical dimensions and details. (a) Section XII tank truck loading figure that testing simulated.

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Fig. 3

Level line and deflection reference point

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Fig. 4

Strain gauges were bonded to the top and bottom of the tank 10 in. on either side of the circumferential weld seam

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Fig. 5

Center section and buckling patterns

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Fig. 6

Plot of all the strain gauge data

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Fig. 7

Banding at center tank weld

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