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Research Papers: Fluid-Structure Interaction

Modeling and Simulation of High-Velocity Projectile Impact on Storage Tank

[+] Author and Article Information
Y. W. Kwon, K. Yang, C. Adams

Department of Mechanical
and Aerospace Engineering,
Naval Postgraduate School,
Monterey, CA 93943

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 27, 2015; final manuscript received January 3, 2016; published online April 28, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Jong Chull Jo.This material is declared a work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 138(4), 041303 (Apr 28, 2016) (12 pages) Paper No: PVT-15-1174; doi: 10.1115/1.4032447 History: Received July 27, 2015; Revised January 03, 2016

A series of numerical modeling and simulations were conducted for dynamic responses of a fluid-filled storage tank subjected to impact loading resulting from a high-velocity projectile. The focus of the study was placed on two phases. The first phase examined the structural response during the impact period without penetration while the second phase investigated the period of a projectile traveling through a fluid medium inside the storage tank. Some parametric studies were conducted to understand the dynamic responses of the structure. The parameters considered were the fluid filling level in the storage tank, fluid density, tank material properties, and projectile mass and velocity. Understanding what parameters would result in most severe damage to the structure can lead to improved design of storage tanks and proper protection against any potential incident.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Comparison of impact and drag models

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Fig. 2

Comparison of x-displacements of the entry wall at the center for the impact model among four different fluid filling levels

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Fig. 3

Comparison of transverse displacements of the side wall at the center for the impact model among four different fluid filling levels

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Fig. 4

Comparison of x-displacements of the exit wall at the center for the impact model among four different fluid filling levels

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Fig. 5

Comparison of displacements and stresses at the center of the exit wall for the impact model with different projectile masses

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Fig. 6

Comparison of fluid pressure at the center location of the storage tank for the impact model with different projectile masses

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Fig. 7

Comparison of displacements and stresses at the center of the exit wall for the impact model with different projectile velocities

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Fig. 8

Comparison of fluid pressure at the center location of the storage tank for the impact model with different projectile velocities

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Fig. 9

Comparison of maximum displacements and peak stresses at the center of the exit wall for the impact model with different storage elastic moduli

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Fig. 10

Comparison of maximum displacements and peak stresses at the center of the exit wall for the impact model with different fluid densities

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Fig. 11

Comparison of fluid pressure at the center location of the storage tank for the impact model with different fluid densities

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Fig. 12

Comparison of x-displacements of the entry wall at the center for the impact model among two different fluids

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Fig. 13

Comparison of x-displacements of the exit wall at the center for the impact model between two different fluids

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Fig. 14

Comparison of effective stresses of the exit wall at the center for the impact model between two different fluids

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Fig. 15

Comparison of x-displacements of the entry wall at the center for the drag model for different fluid filling levels

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Fig. 16

Comparison of x-velocity magnitude of the entry wall at the center for the drag model for different fluid filling levels

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Fig. 17

Comparison of x-displacements of the exit wall at the center for the drag model for different fluid filling levels

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Fig. 18

Comparison of effective stresses of the entry wall at the center for the drag model for different fluid filling levels

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Fig. 19

Progression of projectile for the drag model leaving cavitation behind

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Fig. 20

Comparison of displacements and stresses at the center of the exit wall for the drag model with different projectile masses

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Fig. 21

Comparison of fluid pressure at the center location of the storage tank for the impact model with different projectile masses

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Fig. 22

Comparison of displacements and stresses at the center of the exit wall for the drag model with different projectile velocities

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Fig. 23

Comparison of fluid pressure at the center location of the storage tank for the impact model with different projectile velocities

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Fig. 24

Comparison of maximum displacements and peak stresses at the center of the exit wall for the drag model with different storage elastic moduli

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Fig. 25

Comparison of fluid pressure at the center location of the cubic tank for the drag model with different projectile velocities

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Fig. 26

Comparison of maximum displacements and peak stresses at the center of the exit wall for the drag model with different fluid densities

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Fig. 27

Comparison of fluid pressure at the center location of the cubic tank for the drag model with different fluid densities

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Fig. 28

Comparison of x-displacements of the entry wall at the center for the drag model between two different fluids

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Fig. 29

Comparison of x-displacements of the entry wall at the center for the drag model between two different fluids

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Fig. 30

Comparison of fluid pressure at the center of the storage tank for the drag model between two different fluids

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