0
Research Papers: Materials and Fabrication

Residual Stress Distribution in a Dissimilar Weld Joint by Experimental and Simulation Study

[+] Author and Article Information
Wenchun Jiang

State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing,
College of Chemical Engineering,
China University of Petroleum (East China),
Qingdao 266555, China
e-mail: jiangwenchun@126.com

Yun Luo

State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing,
College of Chemical Engineering,
China University of Petroleum (East China),
Qingdao 266555, China

J. H. Li

Department of Nuclear Physics,
China Institute of Atomic Energy,
Beijing 102413, China

Wanchuck Woo

Neutron Science Division,
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute,
1045 Daedeok-daero,
Yuseong-gu,
Daejeon 305-353, South Korea

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received November 5, 2015; final manuscript received April 26, 2016; published online August 5, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Xian-Kui Zhu.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 139(1), 011402 (Aug 05, 2016) (10 pages) Paper No: PVT-15-1248; doi: 10.1115/1.4033532 History: Received November 05, 2015; Revised April 26, 2016

Dissimilar welding between carbon steel and stainless steel is widely used in power plant. A lot of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) have occurred in the weld joint, which are affected greatly by residual stresses. This paper presents a study of residual stress in a dissimilar weld between 0Cr18Ni9 steel and 20 low carbon steel with Inconel 182 weld metal, by using neutron diffraction, X-ray diffraction measurement and finite-element method (FEM). The residual stresses show asymmetric distribution due to the dissimilar materials. The maximum longitudinal (1.92ReL304) and transverse stresses (1.07ReL304) are presented in the weld metal and heat effected zone of 20 carbon steel, respectively. Through the thickness of weld metal, the average longitudinal stress is around 370 MPa. The weld root has a stress concentration, and the stresses near the weld root in the 20 steel are larger than those in 0Cr18Ni9 steel, making the weld root become the most risk zone for SCC. With the increase of heat input, the residual stress and plastic deformation around the weld root increase. Hence, low heat input is recommended for the welding between 0Cr18Ni9 steel and 20 carbon steel.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Hou, J. , Peng, Q. , Takeda, Y. , Kuniya, J. , and Shoji, T. , 2010, “ Microstructure and Stress Corrosion Cracking of the Fusion Boundary Region in an Alloy 182-A533B Low Alloy Steel Dissimilar Weld Joint,” Corros. Sci., 52(12), pp. 3949–3954. [CrossRef]
Zhiming, L. , Laimin, S. , Shenjin, Z. , Zhidong, T. , and Yazhou, J. , 2015, “ Effect of High Energy Shot Peening Pressure on the Stress Corrosion Cracking of the Weld Joint of 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 637, pp. 170–174. [CrossRef]
Zhai, Z. , Abe, H. , Miyahara, Y. , and Watanabe, Y. , 2015, “ Effects of Phosphorus Segregation on Stress Corrosion Cracking in the Heat-Affected Zone of a Dissimilar Weld Joint Between a Ni-Base Alloy and a Low Alloy Steel,” Corros. Sci., 92, pp. 32–42. [CrossRef]
Mochizuki, M. , 2007, “ Control of Welding Residual Stress for Ensuring Integrity Against Fatigue and Stress-Corrosion Cracking,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 237(2), pp. 107–123. [CrossRef]
Xu, S. , and Wang, W. , 2013, “ Numerical Investigation on Weld Residual Stresses in Tube to Tube Sheet Joint of a Heat Exchanger,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 101, pp. 37–44. [CrossRef]
Yeh, T.-K. , Huang, G.-R. , Wang, M.-Y. , and Tsai, C.-H. , 2013, “ Stress Corrosion Cracking in Dissimilar Metal Welds With 304L Stainless Steel and Alloy 82 in High Temperature Water,” Prog. Nucl. Energy, 63, pp. 7–11. [CrossRef]
Joseph, A. , Rai, S. K. , Jayakumar, T. , and Murugan, N. , 2005, “ Evaluation Of Residual Stresses In Dissimilar Weld Joints,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 82(9), pp. 700–705. [CrossRef]
Woo, W. , Em, V. , Hubbard, C. R. , Lee, H.-J. , and Park, K. S. , 2011, “ Residual Stress Determination in a Dissimilar Weld Overlay Pipe by Neutron Diffraction,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 528(27), pp. 8021–8027. [CrossRef]
Yaghi, A. H. , Hyde, T. H. , Becker, A. A. , and Sun, W. , 2013, “ Finite Element Simulation of Residual Stresses Induced by the Dissimilar Welding of a P92 Steel Pipe With Weld Metal IN625,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 111–112, pp. 173–186. [CrossRef]
Gou, R. , Zhang, Y. , Xu, X. , Sun, L. , and Yang, Y. , 2011, “ Residual Stress Measurement of New and In-Service X70 Pipelines by X-Ray Diffraction Method,” NDT & E Int., 44(5), pp. 387–393. [CrossRef]
Murugan, S. , Rai, S. K. , Kumar, P. V. , Jayakumar, T. , Raj, B. , and Bose, M. S. C. , 2001, “ Temperature Distribution and Residual Stresses Due to Multipass Welding in Type 304 Stainless Steel and Low Carbon Steel Weld Pads,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 78(4), pp. 307–317. [CrossRef]
Sathish, S. , Moran, T. J. , Martin, R. W. , and Reibel, R. , 2005, “ Residual Stress Measurement With Focused Acoustic Waves and Direct Comparison With X-Ray Diffraction Stress Measurements,” Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 399(1–2), pp. 84–91. [CrossRef]
Woo, W. , An, G. B. , Kingston, E. J. , DeWald, A. T. , Smith, D. J. , and Hill, M. R. , 2013, “ Through-Thickness Distributions of Residual Stresses in Two Extreme Heat-Input Thick Welds: A Neutron Diffraction, Contour Method and Deep Hole Drilling Study,” Acta Mater., 61(10), pp. 3564–3574. [CrossRef]
Muránsky, O. , Smith, M. C. , Bendeich, P. J. , Holden, T. M. , Luzin, V. , Martins, R. V. , and Edwards, L. , 2012, “ Comprehensive Numerical Analysis of a Three-Pass Bead-in-Slot Weld and Its Critical Validation Using Neutron and Synchrotron Diffraction Residual Stress Measurements,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 49(9), pp. 1045–1062. [CrossRef]
Haigh, R. D. , Hutchings, M. T. , James, J. A. , Ganguly, S. , Mizuno, R. , Ogawa, K. , Okido, S. , Paradowska, A. M. , and Fitzpatrick, M. E. , 2013, “ Neutron Diffraction Residual Stress Measurements on Girth-Welded 304 Stainless Steel Pipes With Weld Metal Deposited up to Half and Full Pipe Wall Thickness,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 101, pp. 1–11. [CrossRef]
Song, S. , Dong, P. , and Pei, X. , 2015, “ A Full-Field Residual Stress Estimation Scheme for Fitness-For-Service Assessment of Pipe Girth Welds: Part I-Identification of Key Parameters,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 126–127, pp. 58–70. [CrossRef]
Smith, M. C. , Smith, A. C. , Wimpory, R. , and Ohms, C. , 2014, “ A Review of the NeT Task Group 1 Residual Stress Measurement and Analysis Round Robin on a Single Weld Bead-on-Plate Specimen,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 120–121, pp. 93–140. [CrossRef]
Xu, S. , Wei, R. , Wang, W. , and Chen, X. , 2014, “ Residual Stresses in the Welding Joint of the Nozzle-to-Head Area of a Layered High-Pressure Hydrogen Storage Tank,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 39(21), pp. 11061–11070. [CrossRef]
Yaghi, A. , Hyde, T. H. , Becker, A. A. , Sun, W. , and Williams, J. A. , 2006, “ Residual Stress Simulation in Thin and Thick-Walled Stainless Steel Pipewelds Including Pipe Diameter Effects,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 83(11–12), pp. 864–874. [CrossRef]
Deng, D. , Ogawa, K. , Kiyoshima, S. , Yanagida, N. , and Saito, K. , 2009, “ Prediction of Residual Stresses in a Dissimilar Metal Welded Pipe With Considering Cladding, Buttering and Post Weld Heat Treatment,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 47(2), pp. 398–408. [CrossRef]
Skouras, A. , Flewitt, P. E. J. , Peel, M. , and Pavier, M. J. , 2014, “ Residual Stress Measurements in a P92 Steel-In625 Superalloy Metal Weldment in the As-Welded and After Post Weld Heat Treated Conditions,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 123–124, pp. 10–18. [CrossRef]
Zhao, L. , Liang, J. , Zhong, Q. , Yang, C. , Sun, B. , and Du, J. , 2014, “ Numerical Simulation on the Effect of Welding Parameters on Welding Residual Stresses in T92/S30432 Dissimilar Welded Pipe,” Adv. Eng. Software, 68, pp. 70–79. [CrossRef]
Lee, C. , and Chang, K. , 2012, “ Temperature Fields and Residual Stress Distributions in Dissimilar Steel Butt Welds Between Carbon and Stainless Steels,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 45–46, pp. 33–41. [CrossRef]
Chin-Hyung, L. , and Kyong-Ho, C. , 2007, “ Numerical Analysis of Residual Stresses in Welds of Similar or Dissimilar Steel Weldments Under Superimposed Tensile Loads,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 40(4), pp. 548–556. [CrossRef]
Akbari, D. , and Sattari-Far, I. , 2009, “ Effect of the Welding Heat Input on Residual Stresses in Butt-Welds of Dissimilar Pipe Joints,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 86(11), pp. 769–776. [CrossRef]
GB7704-2008, 2008, “ Non-Destructive Testing Practice for Residual Stress Measurement by X-Ray,” China Standard Press, Beijing.
Goldak, K. , Chakaravarti, A. , and Bibby, M. , 1984, “ A New Finite Element Model for Welding Heat Sources,” Metall. Mater. Trans. B, 15(2), pp. 299–305. [CrossRef]
Jiang, W. , Luo, Y. , Wang, B. Y. , Tu, S. T. , and Gong, J. M. , 2014, “ Residual Stress Reduction in the Penetration Nozzle Weld Joint by Overlay Welding,” Mater. Des., 60, pp. 443–450. [CrossRef]
Wenchun, J. , Zibai, L. , Gong, J. M. , and Tu, S. T. , 2010, “ Numerical Simulation to Study the Effect of Repair Width on Residual Stresses of a Stainless Steel Clad Plate,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 87(8), pp. 457–463. [CrossRef]
Muránsky, O. , Smith, M. C. , Bendeich, P. J. , and Edwards, L. , 2011, “ Validated Numerical Analysis of Residual Stresses in Safety Relief Valve (SRV) Nozzle Mock-Ups,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 50(7), pp. 2203–2215. [CrossRef]
Zhenggang, Y. , Yong, J. , Jianming, G. , Shandong, T. , Ruisong, Z. , and Dongxing, X. , 2009, “ Numerical Simulation Analysis of Welding Residual Stress on Dissimilar Metal Welded Pipes,” Trans. China Weld. Inst., 30(8), pp. 69–72.
Sireesha, M. , Albert, S. K. , Shankar, V. , and Sundaresan, S. , 2000, “ A Comparative Evaluation of Welding Consumables for Dissimilar Welds Between 316LN Austenitic Stainless Steel and Alloy 800,” J. Nucl. Mater., 279(1), pp. 65–76. [CrossRef]
Adrover, A. , Giona, M. , Capobianco, L. , Tripodi, P. , and Violante, V. , 2003, “ Stress-Induced Diffusion of Hydrogen in Metallic Membranes: Cylindrical vs. Planar Formulation,” J. Alloys Compd., 358(1–2), pp. 268–280. [CrossRef]
Yongkui, L. , Kaji, Y. , and Igarashi, T. , 2012, “ Effects of Thermal Load and Cooling Condition on Weld Residual Stress in a Core Shroud With Numerical Simulation,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 242, pp. 100–107. [CrossRef]
Lee, C.-H. , and Chang, K.-H. , 2007, “ Numerical Analysis of Residual Stresses in Welds of Similar or Dissimilar Steel Weldments Under Superimposed Tensile Loads,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 40(4), pp. 548–556. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Sketching of the weld sample

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Macrostructure of dissimilar weld joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Sketch of the measurement of the weld joint by neutron diffraction

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Sketch of the measurement of the stress-free comb-like sample

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Finite element meshing of whole model (a) and weld section (b)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

Effect of heat input on residual stress in the HAZ at 20 carbon steel side (a) and 0Cr18Ni9 steel side (b)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Effect of heat input on equivalent plastic strain along the bottom surface

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Effect of heat input on residual stress along the thickness of weld metal

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Effect of heat input on residual stress along the top (a) and bottom surface (b)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Residual stress distribution along P3 on the bottom surface

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Residual stress distribution in the HAZ of 20 carbon steel and 0Cr18Ni9 steel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Distribution of residual stress (a), macro hardness and equivalent plastic strain (b) along P4 in the weld metal

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Residual stress distribution along P2

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Residual stress distribution along P1 on the surface

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Microstructures of 0Cr18Ni9 steel (a), 20 carbon steel (b), the first (c), the second (d), the third (e), the fourth weld pass (f), the interface between weld and 0Cr18Ni9 steel (g), and the interface between weld and 20 (h)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Mechanical properties of 0Cr18Ni9 steel (a), 20 carbon steel (b), and Inconel 182 (c)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Thermophysical properties of 0Cr18Ni9 steel (a), 20 carbon steel (b), and Inconel 182 (c)

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In