0
Research Papers: Design and Analysis

Experimental Study on Failure Estimation Method for Circumferentially Cracked Pipes Subjected to Multi-Axial Loads

[+] Author and Article Information
Yinsheng Li

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA),
Tokai-mura, Naka-gun,
Ibaraki-ken 319-1195, Japan
e-mail: li.yinsheng@jaea.go.jp

Kunio Hasegawa

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA),
Tokai-mura, Naka-gun,
Ibaraki-ken 319-1195, Japan
e-mail: kunioh@kzh.biglobe.ne.jp

Naoki Miura

Central Research Institute of Electric
Power Industry (CRIEPI),
2-6-1 Nagasaka, Yokosuka,
Kanagawa 240-0196, Japan
e-mail: miura@criepi.denken.or.jp

Katsuaki Hoshino

Electric Power Engineering Systems Co., Ltd.,
2-6-1 Nagasaka, Yokosuka,
Kanagawa 240-0196, Japan
e-mail: hoshinok@dentec.co.jp

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received January 14, 2016; final manuscript received April 22, 2016; published online August 5, 2016. Assoc. Editor: David L. Rudland.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 139(1), 011204 (Aug 05, 2016) (10 pages) Paper No: PVT-16-1008; doi: 10.1115/1.4033531 History: Received January 14, 2016; Revised April 22, 2016

When a crack is detected in a piping line during in-service inspections, failure estimation method provided in ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI (ASME Code Section XI) or JSME Rules on Fitness-for-Service for Nuclear Power Plants (JSME FFS Code) can be applied to evaluate the structural integrity of the cracked pipe. The failure estimation method in the current codes accounts for the bending moment and axial force due to pressure. The torsion moment is not considered. Recently, analytical investigation was carried out by the authors on the limit load of cracked pipes considering multi-axial loads including torsion. Two failure estimation methods for multi-axial loads including torsion moment with different ranges were proposed. In this study, to investigate the failure behavior of cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads including the torsion moment and to provide experimental support for the failure estimation methods, failure experiments were performed on 20 mm diameter stainless steel pipes with a circumferential surface crack or a through-wall crack under combined axial force, bending moment, and torsion moment. Based on the experimental results, the proposed failure estimation methods were confirmed to be applicable to cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Stress , Torsion , Pipes , Failure
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Kanninen, M. F. , Broek, D. , Marschall, C. W. , Rybicki, E. F. , Sampath, S. G. , Simonen, F. A. , and Wilkowski, G. M. , 1976, “ Mechanical Fracture Predictions for Sensitized Stainless Steel Piping With Circumferential Cracks,” Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA, Report No. EPRI NP-192.
ASME, 2015, “ ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI, Rules for Inservice Inspection of Nuclear Power Plant Components,” American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York.
JSME, 2012, “ Rules on Fitness-for-Service for Nuclear Power Plants,” The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, Standard No. JSME S NA1-2012.
ASME, 2015, “ ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section III, Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility Components,” American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York.
JSME, 2008, “ Rules on Design and Construction for Nuclear Power Plants,” The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Tokyo, Japan, Standard No. JSME S NC1-2008.
Li, Y. , Hasegawa, K. , Ida, W. , Hoang, P. H. , and Bezensek, B. , 2010, “ Effect of Torsion Moment on Failure Bending Moment for Circumferentially Cracked Pipe,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng., Ser. A, 76(762), pp. 164–170 (in Japanese).
Li, Y. , Ida, W. , Hasegawa, K. , Bezensek, B. , and Hoang, P. H. , 2010, “ Effect of Pressure on Plastic Collapse Under the Combined Bending and Torsion Moments for Circumferentially Surface Flawed Pipes,” ASME Paper No. PVP2010-25102.
Li, Y. , Hasegawa, K. , Hoang, P. H. , and Bezensek, B. , 2012, “ Prediction Method for Plastic Collapse of Circumferentially Cracked Pipes Subjected to Combined Bending and Torsion Moments,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 134(6), p. 061207. [CrossRef]
Bezensek, B. , Li, Y. , Hasegawa, K. , and Hoang, P. H. , 2012, “ Inclusion of Torsion Loads in Section XI Flaw Evaluation Procedures for Pipes Containing Surface Crack-Like Flaws,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 134(3), p. 031003. [CrossRef]
Hoang, P. H. , Bezensek, B. , Hasegawa, K. , and Li, Y. , 2012, “ Effects of Torsion on Equivalent Bending Moment for Limit Load and EPFM Circumferential Pipe Flaw Evaluations,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 134(6), p. 061206. [CrossRef]
Hasegawa, K. , Li, Y. , and Osakabe, K. , 2014, “ Collapse Loads for Circumferentially Through-Wall Cracked Pipes Subjected to Combined Torsion and Bending Moments,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 123, pp. 77–85. [CrossRef]
Miura, N. , Hoshino, K. , Li, Y. , and Doi, H. , 2011, “ Net-Section-Collapse of Circumferentially Cracked Cylinders Subjected to Torsional Moment,” 19th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-19), Osaka, Japan, Oct. 24–25, Paper No. ICONE19-43356.
Miura, N. , Hoshino, K. , Li, Y. , and Hasegawa, K. , 2014, “ Experimental Investigation of Net-Section-Collapse Criterion for Circumferentially Cracked Cylinders Subjected to Torsional Moment,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 136(3), p. 031204. [CrossRef]
Li, Y. , Hasegawa, K. , Sakai, M. , Matsuura, S. , and Miura, N. , 2015, “ Experimental Investigation of Failure Estimation Method for Circumferentially Cracked Pipes Subjected to Combined Bending and Torsion Moments,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 137(2), p. 021202. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Nomenclature and stress distribution for a cracked pipe subjected to bending moment

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

A circumferentially cracked pipe subjected to combined bending and torsion moments

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Small size pipe specimen used in experiments: (a) longitudinal view of specimen and (b) crack in center section

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Concept of experimental method for multi-axial loads: (a) description of experimental concept and (b) description of dimensions and loading condition

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Load components in y–z and x–y planes: (a) y–z plane and (b) x–y plane

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Pipe specimen with jigs for combined axial tensile, bending moment, and torsion moment (rM = 1.0): (a) general view, (b) cross section of link A, (c) specimen and link B, and (d) pipe specimen with jigs

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Photograph of tensile testing apparatus

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Variations of tensile load with load-line displacement: (a) a/t = 1.0 and 2θ = 90 deg, (b) a/t = 1.0 and 2θ = 120 deg, and (c) a/t = 0.5 and 2θ = 120 deg

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Appearance of some failed specimens (a) ML-120-1 a/t = 1.0, 2θ = 120 deg, rM = 0.5, (b) ML-120-2 a/t = 1.0, 2θ = 120 deg, rM = 1.0, (c) ML-120-3 a/t = 1.0, 2θ = 120 deg, rM = 2.0, (d) ML-H-1 a/t = 0.5, 2θ = 120 deg, rM = 0.5, (e) ML-H-2 a/t = 0.5, 2θ = 120 deg, rM = 1.0, and (f) ML-H-3 a/t = 0.5, 2θ = 120 deg, rM = 2.0

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Failure diagram showing the failure envelope and the failed specimens

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Ratios of experimental failure load to predicted failure load depicted as a function of τ/σf

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Ratios of experimental failure load to predicted failure load depicted as a function of τ/σf

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In