0
Research Papers: Materials and Fabrication

Effect of Welding Residual Stress on the Buckling Behavior of Storage Tanks Subjected to Harmonic Settlement

[+] Author and Article Information
Jian-Guo Gong

School of Mechanical and Power Engineering,
East China University of Science
and Technology,
130 Meilong Road,
Shanghai 200237, China
e-mail: jggong@ecust.edu.cn

Lei Yu

School of Mechanical and Power Engineering,
East China University of Science
and Technology,
130 Meilong Road,
Shanghai 200237, China
e-mail: stu_yu@yeah.net

Feng Wang

School of Mechanical and Power Engineering,
East China University of Science
and Technology,
130 Meilong Road,
Shanghai 200237, China
e-mail: feng.wang1990@yahoo.com

Fu-Zhen Xuan

School of Mechanical and Power Engineering,
East China University of Science
and Technology,
130 Meilong Road,
Shanghai 200237, China
e-mail: fzxuan@ecust.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 21, 2015; final manuscript received June 15, 2016; published online August 5, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Xian-Kui Zhu.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 139(1), 011401 (Aug 05, 2016) (9 pages) Paper No: PVT-15-1227; doi: 10.1115/1.4033941 History: Received October 21, 2015; Revised June 15, 2016

The effect of welding residual stress on the buckling behavior of storage tanks subjected to the harmonic settlement was simulated using the shell-to-solid coupling method. In the numerical model of tanks coupled with the welding residual stress, the welding joint and its adjacent zone were modeled using the solid submodel and the zone far away from the welding joint was built by the shell submodel. Effects of welding parameters (e.g., welding velocities and welding passes) on the buckling behavior of tanks were analyzed systematically. Results indicate that the buckling strength of tanks is enhanced due to the welding residual stress. Comparatively, a slow welding velocity presents a more remarkable strengthening effect than the fast welding velocity due to a larger axial residual stress produced at the welding joint. Nevertheless, no significant difference between the double-side welding and the one-side welding for buckling strength enhancement is observed for the cases studied. This indicates that the current design method causes a conservative design without considering the welding residual stress.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2017 by ASME
Topics: Welding , Stress , Buckling
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Jonaidi, M. , and Ansourian, P. , 1999, “ Buckling of Cylindrical Shells Subjected to Edge Vertical Deformation,” Advances in Steel Structures, Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 679–686.
Jonaidi, M. , Chaaya, M. , and Ansourian, P. , 1998, “ Cylindrical Shells Subjected to Vertical Deformation and Internal Pressure,” Thin-Walled Structures: Research and Development, Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 613–620.
Godoy, L. A. , and Sosa, E. M. , 2003, “ Localized Support Settlements of Thin-Walled Storage Tanks,” Thin-Walled Struct., 41(10), pp. 941–955. [CrossRef]
Godoy, L. A. , and Sosa, E. M. , 2002, “ Deflections of Thin-Walled Storage Tanks With Roof Due to Localized Support Settlement,” II International Conference on Advances in Structural Engineering and Mechanics, Techno-Press, Seoul, Korea.
Cao, Q. S. , and Zhao, Y. , 2010, “ Buckling Strength of Cylindrical Steel Tanks Under Harmonic Settlement,” Thin-Walled Structures, 48(6), pp. 391–400. [CrossRef]
Gong, J. G. , Tao, J. , Zhao, J. , Zeng, S. , and Jin, T. , 2013, “ Buckling Analysis of Open Top Tanks Subjected to Harmonic Settlement,” Thin-Walled Struct., 63, pp. 37–43. [CrossRef]
Gong, J. G. , Cui, W. S. , Zeng, S. , and Jin, T. , 2012, “ Buckling Analysis of Large Scale Oil Tanks With a Conical Roof Subjected to Harmonic Settlement,” Thin-Walled Struct., 52, pp. 143–148. [CrossRef]
Gong, J. G. , Tao, J. , Zhao, J. , Zeng, S. , and Jin, T. , 2013, “ Effect of Top Stiffening Rings of Open Top Tanks on Critical Harmonic Settlement,” Thin-Walled Structures, 65, pp. 62–71. [CrossRef]
Zhao, Y. , Lei, X. , Wang, Z. , and Cao, Q. S. , 2013, “ Buckling Behavior of Floating-Roof Steel Tanks Under Measured Differential Settlement,” Thin-Walled Struct., 70, pp. 70–80. [CrossRef]
Holst, J. M. F. G. , and Rotter, J. M. , 2004, “ Settlement Beneath Cylindrical Shells,” Buckling of Thin Metal Shells, J. G. Teng , and J. M. Rotter , eds., Spon Press, London, pp. 129–153.
Holst, J. M. F. G. , and Rotter, J. M. , 2003, “ Nonlinear Response and Buckling of Cylindrical Tanks Due to Foundation Settlement,” International Conference on Design, Inspection and Maintenance of Cylindrical Steel Tanks and Pipelines, V. Krupka, ed., Prague, Czech Republic, pp. 29–35.
Holst, J. M. F. G. , Rotter, J. M. , and Calladine, C. R. , 2000, “ Imperfections and Buckling in Cylindrical Shells With Consistent Residual Stresses,” J. Constr. Steel Res., 54(2), pp. 265–282. [CrossRef]
Hubner, A. , Teng, J. G. , and Saal, H. , 2006, “ Buckling Behaviour of Large Steel Cylinders With Patterned Welds,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 83(1), pp. 13–26. [CrossRef]
Pircher, M. , and Bridge, R. , 2001, “ The Influence of Circumferential Weld-induced Imperfections on the Buckling of Silos and Tanks,” J. Constr. Steel Res., 57(5), pp. 569–580. [CrossRef]
Rotter, J. M. , 1996, “ Buckling and Collapse in Internally Pressurised Axially Compressed Silo Cylinders With Measured Axisymmetric Imperfections: Residual Stresses and Local Collapse,” International Workshop on Imperfections in Metal Silos: Measurement, Characterisation and Strength Analysis, Lyon, France, pp. 119–139.
Deng, D. , 2009, “ FEM Prediction of Welding Residual Stress and Distortion in Carbon Steel Considering Phase Transformation Effects,” Mater. Des., 30(2), pp. 359–366. [CrossRef]
Liu, C. , Zhang, J. X. , and Xue, C. B. , 2011, “ Numerical Investigation on Residual Stress Distribution and Evolution During Multipass Narrow Gap Welding of Thick-Walled Stainless Steel Pipes,” Fusion Eng. Des., 86(4–5), pp. 288–295. [CrossRef]
Yaghi, A. , Hyde, T. H. , Becker, A. A. , Sun, W. , and Williams, J. A. , 2006, “ Residual Stress Simulation in Thin and Thick-Walled Stainless Steel Pipe Welds Including Pipe Diameter Effects,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 83(11–12), pp. 864–874. [CrossRef]
Deng, D. , and Murakawa, H. , 2006, “ Prediction of Welding Residual Stress in Multi-Pass Butt-Welded Modified 9Cr–1Mo Steel Pipe Considering Phase Transformation Effects,” Comput. Mater. Sci., 37(3), pp. 209–219. [CrossRef]
Jiang, W. , and Yahiaoui, K. , 2007, “ Finite Element Prediction of Residual Stress Distributions in a Multipass Welded Piping Branch Junction,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 129(4), pp. 601–608. [CrossRef]
Dassault, 2011, “ Abaqus 6.11 User's Manual,” Dassault Systems SIMULIA, Providence, RI.
Xu, Z. J. , 1999, Foundation Design and Treatment of Large Storage Tanks, China Petrochemical Press, Beijing.
Zhu, X. K. , and Chao, Y. J. , 2002, “ Effects of Temperature-Dependent Material Properties on Welding Simulation,” Comput. Struct., 80(11), pp. 967–976. [CrossRef]
Li, M. S. , Xie, X. , Wang, L. F. , and Gao, L. H. , 2003, “ Numerical Simulation of Y-Slit Type Cracking Test,” Chin. J. Pressure Vessel Technology, 20(11), pp. 18–20.
Editorial Committee for Handbook of Materials Data for Mechanical Engineering, 1995, Handbook of Materials Data for Mechanical Engineering, China Machine Press, Beijing.
Li, G. Q. , Chen, K. , Jiang, S. X. , and Yin, Y. Z. , 2001, “ Experimental Studies on the High-Temperature Material Properties of Q345 Steel,” Build. Struct., 31(1), pp. 53–55.
Teng, T. L. , and Lin, C. C. , 1998, “ Effect of Welding Conditions on Residual Stresses Due to Butt Welds,” Int. J. Pressure Vessels Piping, 75(12), pp. 857–864. [CrossRef]
Goldak, J. , Chakravarti, A. , and Bibby, M. , 1984, “ A New Finite Element Model for Welding Heat Sources,” Metall. Mater. Trans. B, 15(2), pp. 299–305. [CrossRef]
Cho, S. H. , and Kim, J. W. , 2002, “ Analysis of Residual Stress in Carbon Steel Weldment Incorporating Phase Transformations,” Sci. Technol. Weld. Joining, 7(4), pp. 212–216. [CrossRef]
Riks, E. , 1979, “ An Incremental Approach to the Solution of Snapping and Buckling Problems,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 15(7), pp. 529–551. [CrossRef]
Ramm, E. , 1981, “ Strategies for Tracing the Nonlinear Response Near Limit Points,” Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis in Structural Mechanics, Springer, New York, pp. 68–89.
Crisfield, M. A. , 1983, “ An Arc-length Method Including Line Searches and Accelerations,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 19(9), pp. 1269–1289. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Finite-element model of the tank: (a) mesh model, (b) local mesh model in the vicinity of welding joint, (c) shell-solid coupling diagram, and (d) mesh model of the welding joint

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Material parameters of Q345R steel at various temperatures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Comparisons of welding residual stress distributions for models with two mesh densities: (a) Mises stress (small mesh density), (b) Mises stress (high mesh density), (c) axial stress(small mesh density), (d) axial stress (high mesh density), (e) hoop stress (small mesh density), and (f) hoop stress (high mesh density)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Welding residual stress distributions of the tank along paths A and B

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Equilibrium paths of the tank subjected to harmonic settlement with and without welding residual stress: (a) n = 8, (b) n = 10, and (c) n = 14

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Buckling modes of the tank subjected to harmonic settlement with and without welding residual stress: (a) buckling mode for n = 8 (without residual stress), (b) buckling mode for n = 8 (with residual stress), (c) buckling mode for n = 10 (without residual stress), (d) buckling mode for n = 10 (with residual stress), (e) buckling mode for n = 14 (without residual stress), and (f) buckling mode for n = 14 (with residual stress)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Axial and hoop residual stress distributions of the tank (welding velocity of 6 mm/s): (a) axial residual stress distribution of the weld and (b) hoop residual stress distribution of the weld

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Axial and hoop stress distribution of the tank for various welding velocities (path B): (a) axial stress and (b) hoop stress

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Equilibrium paths of the tank for various welding velocities

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Axial and hoop stress distributions of the tank: (a) axial stress and (b) hoop stress

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Equilibrium paths of the tank for various welding passes

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In