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Research Papers: Fluid-Structure Interaction

Dynamics of Wave Propagation Across Solid–Fluid Movable Interface in Fluid–Structure Interaction

[+] Author and Article Information
Tomohisa Kojima

Graduate School of Science and Engineering,
Tokyo Institute of Technology,
2-12-1-I6-5, Ookayama,
Meguro-ku,
Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
e-mail: kojima.t.aa@m.titech.ac.jp

Kazuaki Inaba

Mem. ASME
School of Environment and Society,
Tokyo Institute of Technology,
2-12-1-I6-5, Ookayama,
Meguro-ku,
Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
e-mail: inaba@mech.titech.ac.jp

Kosuke Takahashi

Division of Mechanical and Space Engineering,
Hokkaido University,
N13, W8, Kita-ku,
Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8628, Japan
e-mail: ktakahashi@eng.hokudai.ac.jp

Farid Triawan

School of Environment and Society,
Tokyo Institute of Technology,
2-12-1-I6-10, Ookayama,
Meguro-ku,
Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
e-mail: triawan.f.aa@m.titech.ac.jp

Kikuo Kishimoto

Fellow ASME
School of Environment and Society,
Tokyo Institute of Technology,
2-12-1-I6-1, Ookayama,
Meguro-ku,
Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
e-mail: kkishimo@mep.titech.ac.jp

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received July 15, 2016; final manuscript received November 29, 2016; published online January 16, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Tomomichi Nakamura.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 139(3), 031308 (Jan 16, 2017) (9 pages) Paper No: PVT-16-1116; doi: 10.1115/1.4035376 History: Received July 15, 2016; Revised November 29, 2016

A theoretical model for wave propagation across solid–fluid interfaces with fluid–structure interaction (FSI) was explored by conducting experiments. Although many studies have been conducted on solid–solid and fluid–fluid interfaces, the mechanism of wave propagation across solid–fluid interfaces has not been well examined. Consequently, our aim is to clarify the mechanism of wave propagation across a solid–fluid interface with the movement of the interface and develop a theoretical model to explain this phenomenon. In the experiments conducted, a free-falling steel projectile was used to impact a solid buffer placed immediately above the surface of water within a polycarbonate (PC) tube. Two different buffers (aluminum and polycarbonate) were used to examine the relation between wave propagation across the interface of the buffer and water and the interface movement. With the experimental results, we confirmed that the peak value of the interface pressure can be predicted via acoustic theory based on the assumption that projectile and buffer behave as an elastic body with local deformation by wave propagation. On the other hand, it was revealed that the average profile of the interface pressure can be predicted with the momentum conservation between the projectile and the buffer assumed to be rigid and momentum increase of fluid. The momentum transmitted to the fluid gradually increases as the wave propagates and causes a gradual decrease in the interface pressure. The amount of momentum was estimated via the wave speed in the fluid-filled tube by taking into account the coupling of the fluid and the tube.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental apparatus used in the study

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Fig. 2

Strain histories with the Al buffer, shot 4, for projectile drop height of 100 mm: (a) axial strains of the buffer and (b) hoop strains of the tube

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Fig. 3

Strain histories with the PC buffer, shot 72, for projectile drop height of 100 mm: (a) axial strains of the buffer and (b) hoop strains of the tube

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Fig. 4

Buffer and projectile boundary locations for projectile drop height of 100 mm: (a) with the Al buffer, shot 109 and (b) with the PC buffer, shot 86

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Fig. 5

Pressure histories of the buffer for projectile drop height of 100 mm: (a) with the Al buffer, shot 4 and (b) with the PC buffer, shot 86 (Color is available online)

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Fig. 6

Flow features around the bottom of the Al buffer, shot 83, for projectile drop height of 100 mm

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Fig. 7

First peak values of measured pressures

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Fig. 8

Ratio of the first peak values of measured pressures to the theoretical incident stress

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Fig. 9

Position history of the solid–fluid interface, shot 4 for Al and shot 72 for PC, for projectile drop height of 100 mm

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Fig. 10

Wave profile prediction, projectile drop height of 100 mm: (a) with the Al buffer, shot 4 and (b) with the PC buffer, shot 72

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Fig. 11

Predicted amplitude of the interface pressure, projectile drop height of 100 mm: (a) with the Al buffer, shot 4 and (b) with the PC buffer, shot 72

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Fig. 12

Interface pressure based on Joukowsky theory, projectile drop height of 100 mm: (a) with the Al buffer, shot 4 and (b) with the PC buffer, shot 72

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