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research-article

CFRP REINFORCEMENT AND REPAIR OF STEEL PIPE ELBOWS SUBJECTED TO SEVERE CYCLIC LOADING

[+] Author and Article Information
Ioannis Skarakis

School of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece
skarakis.j@gmail.com

Giannoula Chatzopoulou

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece
chatzopoulougiannoula@gmail.com

Spyros A. Karamanos

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece; Institute of Infrastructure and Environment, School of Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
skara@mie.uth.gr

Nicholas Tsouvalis

School of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Greece
tsouv@mail.ntua.gr

Aglaia E. Pournara

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece
agpourna@uth.gr

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037198 History: Received March 09, 2017; Revised June 29, 2017

Abstract

In order to ensure safe operation and structural integrity of pipelines and piping systems subjected to extreme loading conditions, it is often necessary to strengthen critical pipe components. One method to strengthen pipe components is the use of composite materials. The present study is aimed at investigating the mechanical response of pipe elbows, wrapped with Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) material, and subjected to severe cyclic loading that leads to low-cycle fatigue. In the first part of the paper, a set of low-cyclic fatigue experiments on reinforced and non-reinforced pipe bend specimens are described focusing on the effects of CFRP reinforcement on the number of cycles to failure. The experimental work is supported by finite element analysis presented in the second part of the paper, in an attempt to elucidate the failure mechanism. For describing the material nonlinearities of the steel pipe, an efficient cyclic-plasticity material model is employed, capable of describing both the initial yield plateau of the stress-strain curve and the Bauschinger effect characterizing reverse plastic loading conditions. The results from the numerical models are compared with the experimental data, showing an overall good comparison. Furthermore, a parametric numerical analysis is conducted to examine the effect of internal pressure on the structural behavior of non-reinforced and reinforced elbows, subjected to severe cyclic loading.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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