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Technical Brief

Investigation on Mechanical Properties of S30403 Austenitic Stainless Steel at Different Temperatures

[+] Author and Article Information
Yaqing Lu

School of Mechanical and Power Engineering,
East China University of Science and Technology,
University of Science and Technology,
Shanghai 200237, China

Hu Hui

School of Mechanical and Power Engineering,
East China University of Science and Technology,
University of Science and Technology,
Shanghai 200237, China
e-mail: huihu@ecust.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received March 3, 2017; final manuscript received January 22, 2018; published online February 20, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Hardayal S. Mehta.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 140(2), 024502 (Feb 20, 2018) (5 pages) Paper No: PVT-17-1043; doi: 10.1115/1.4039123 History: Received March 03, 2017; Revised January 22, 2018

In order to study the influence of cryogenic temperature on the mechanical properties, a series of uniaxial tensile experiments were performed at different temperatures (20 °C, 0 °C, −20 °C, −40 °C, −80 °C, −120 °C, −196 °C) for the austenitic stainless steel S30403 (both the base material and weld joint). Rp0.2 (0.2% proof strength), Rp1.0 (1% proof strength), Rm (tensile strength), A (elongation after fracture), Z (reduction of area), σcr (a critical threshold stress for onset of discontinuous yielding), and Rh (second hardening ratio, Rm/σcr) were taken into consideration. It was found that in GB150, ASME VIII-1, and EN13445, the maximum allowable stress for austenitic stainless steel at low temperature (≤20 °C) was dependent on the yielding strength at room temperature (20 °C). Compared with Rp0.2, Rp1.0 had a linear relationship with temperature. Synthetically considering the first hardening and the second hardening, both the base material and weld joint presented a better strength performance at low temperatures. The plasticity of base material dropped as the temperature decreased, and it was kept at an acceptable level. Nonetheless, the plasticity of weld joint was nonlinear because of the nonuniform structure components.

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Figures

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Fig. 8

(a) Elongation after fracture and (b) reduction of area

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Fig. 7

(a) Tensile strength at different temperatures and (b) second hardening ratio

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Fig. 3

Stress–strain schematic diagram for austenitic stainless steel at low temperatures

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Fig. 2

Tensile specimen schematic diagram

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Fig. 1

Tensile experiments (a) in cryogenic box (b) in liquid nitrogen tank

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Fig. 6

Yielding strength at different temperatures: (a) Rp0.2 and (b) Rp1.0

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Fig. 5

Stress–strain schematic diagram for weld joint

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Fig. 4

Stress–strain schematic diagram for base material

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