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Research Papers: Pipeline Systems

Prediction of the Rupture Pressure of Transmission Pipelines With Corrosion Defects

[+] Author and Article Information
Mechri Abdelghani

Composite Structures and Innovative Materials
Laboratory (LSCMI),
Mechanical Engineering Faculty,
University of Sciences and Technology,
Mohamed Boudiaf (USTOMB),
BP 1505, El M'naouer,
Oran 31000, Algeria
e-mail: abdelghani.mechri@univ-usto.dz

Ghomari Tewfik

Aeronautics and Propulsive Systems Laboratory
(LASP),
Mechanical Engineering Faculty,
University of Sciences and Technology,
Mohamed Boudiaf (USTOMB),
BP 1505, El M'naouer,
Oran 31000, Algeria
e-mail: tewfikghomari@yahoo.com

Djouadi Djahida

Composite structures and Innovative Materials
Laboratory (LSCMI),
Mechanical Engineering Faculty,
University of Sciences and Technology,
Mohamed Boudiaf (USTOMB),
BP 1505, El M'naouer,
Oran 31000, Algeria
e-mail: djahidai.djouadi@univ-usto.dz

Sfiat Sid Ahmed

Mechanical Engineering Faculty,
University of Sciences and Technology,
Mohamed Boudiaf (USTOMB),
BP 1505, El M'naouer,
Oran 31000, Algeria
e-mail: sfiat@hotmail.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received October 14, 2017; final manuscript received March 9, 2018; published online May 10, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Oreste S. Bursi.

J. Pressure Vessel Technol 140(4), 041701 (May 10, 2018) (13 pages) Paper No: PVT-17-1206; doi: 10.1115/1.4039698 History: Received October 14, 2017; Revised March 09, 2018

This paper investigates the rupture of thin-walled ductile cylinders with isolated corrosion defects, subject only to internal pressure. It aims to propose a new solution for predicting the maximum load limit that will rupture a corroded pipeline, regardless of its material, its geometric ratio, or the dimensions of the existing corrosion defect. This solution is the result of several numerical simulations by variation of the length and depth of the defect with the assumption that the width of the defect has a negligible marginal effect. In all our numerical simulation analyses, the rupture was controlled by the Tresca failure criterion which is expressed in terms of material hardening exponent and the ultimate material stress. The proposed solution was then compared with the currently used coded methods, first B31.G, its improved version 0.85dL, and then DNV-RP F101, using an experimental database compiled from the existing literature. As a result, our proposed solution has been validated and has resulted in rupture ratios ranging from approximately 0.7 to 1. Furthermore, it has a tight prediction range compared to the B31.G, 0.85dL, and the DNV-RP F101 methods.

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References

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Location and dimensions of metal loss with its equivalent projected area on a plane parallel to the cylinder wall thickness

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Fig. 2

Typical FEA volumetric rectangular defect

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Fig. 3

Typical mesh of a quarter model with magnified view of the corrosion defect

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Fig. 4

Effect of normalized defect with on the burst pressure

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Fig. 5

Typical FEA initial and boundary conditions

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Fig. 6

Variation of circumferential stress on the inner ligament area of the corrosion damage with increase of the internal pressure for tubular specimen API 5 L-X46

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Fig. 7

Perspective view of stress distributions on the circumferential direction developing from DC defect at Pmax=16.223 MPa

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Fig. 8

Comparison of the dependence of the rupture pressure on normalized length for given normalized depths

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Fig. 9

Comparison of the dependence of rupture pressure on normalized defect depth and length: suggested limit load solution versus FEA results

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Fig. 10

Data spread and variation of mean value and SD of failure pressure ratios against the experimental database

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Fig. 11

Quantitative comparison of predicted to experimental rupture pressure ratios

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Fig. 12

Burst pressure comparison: experimental versus predicted for (a) API X46 tubular specimens, (b) API X52 tubular specimens, (c) API X60 tubular specimens, (d) API X65 tubular specimens, (e) API X70 tubular specimens, (f) API X80 tubular specimens, and (g) API X100 tubular specimens

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